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Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change

Description
ISBN9781785440427
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateJanuary 07, 2015

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ISBN 978 1 78544 042 7 (web only publication)
DPPAS 42167

This document is also available in pdf format (8.7MB)

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and do not necessarily represent those of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers.

Geoff Riddington, (Grid Economics)
Alan Radford (Grid Economics)
Hervey Gibson (CogentSI)

Contents

Executive Summary

1 OBJECTIVES AND APPROACH
1.1 The Study Remit
1.2 The Amended Remit
1.3 Approach.
1.4 Limitations of the Evaluations.
1.5 Structure of the Document

2 INSHORE FISHERIES: MANAGEMENT AND INSTITUTIONAL BACKGROUND.
2.1 Inshore Fishery Groups (IFGs)
2.1.1 IFG Remit and Operation.
2.2 The Key Species.
2.2.1 Nephrops.
2.2.2 Scallops.
2.2.3 Brown Crab.
2.2.4 Velvet Crab.
2.2.5 Lobsters.
2.3 Fishing Vessel Registration.
2.4 Vessel Licensing.
2.4.1 Licence categories.
2.4.2 Transfer and Use of Licences.
2.5 Quota Management
2.5.1 Individual Fish Producers Organisations (POs)
2.5.2 10 Metre and Under Non-Producer Organisation Group,
2.5.3 The "Non-Sector".
2.5.4 FQAs and Marine Scotland.
2.6 Managing Effort
2.7 Recording Scottish Landings:
2.7.1 Logbooks and the Electronic Recoding System (ERS)
2.7.2 Under 10 m vessels landing shellfish.
2.8 Registration of Buyers and sellers.
2.9 Recording Effort: The Vessel Monitoring System (VMS),

3 THE POLICY OPTIONS AND THEIR ECONOMIC EVALUATION.
3.1 The Policy Options: Background.
3.2 The Impact on Other Stakeholders.
3.2.1 The Physical Impact
3.2.2 The Anthropogenic Impacts.
3.3 The Case for Evaluating the Policy Options.
3.3.1 Commercial Fishing Status Quo Scenario.

4 NEV/CBA ANALYSIS OF RESTRICTING MOBILE GEAR: AN OVERVIEW.
4.1 Defining Economic Benefits and Costs.
4.2 The Principal Economic Costs.
4.3 Costs and Displacement Issues.
4.3.1 Estimating Displacement Effects: Nephrops.
4.3.2 Estimating Displacement Effects: Crabs and Lobsters.
4.3.3 Other Displacement Effects.
4.4 The Principal Economic Benefits.
4.5 Benefits, Licensing and Latent Effort

5 ECONOMIC IMPACT APPRAISAL OUTLINED.
5.1 Direct, Indirect and Induced Effects.
5.2 Sustainable Communities.

6 COMMERCIAL FISHERIES: DATA SOURCES AND MEASURES.
6.1 Fishing Activity and Catch by Vessels over 15 m...
6.1.1 VMS and IFG Zonal Catch Estimates for Vessels Over 15m...
6.2 Fishing Activity and Catch for Vessels Under 15m...
6.2.1 Estimating IFG Zonal Fishing Effort for Vessels Under 15 m...
6.2.2 Estimating Zonal Catch Value for Vessels Under 15 m... 110
6.2.3 Coverage and Non-Response Adjustment for Vessels Under 15m...
6.2.4 Final Validation of Results.
6.2.5 The Special Case of Shetland under 15 m vessels.
6.3 Modelling Effort for Under 15 m Vessels.

7 ECONOMIC DEPENDENCY ON INSHORE FISHING.
7.1 Definitions and Methodology.
7.2 The Socio-Economic Features of Fishing Communities.
7.3 Unemployment
7.4 Community Dependence on the Fishing Sector

8 THE BASELINE: SCOTTISH FISHERIES.
8.1 Overview..
8.2 The Scottish Fleet:
8.3 Employment in the Catching Sector
8.4 Scottish Landings.
8.5 Scottish Inshore Fisheries.
8.6 Scotland: Baseline Inshore Fishery 2011 Catch Estimates.
8.6.1 Scotland Zone 0-1 nm...
8.6.2 Scotland Zone 0-3 nm...
8.6.3 Scotland Zone 0-6 nm...
8.6.4 Scotland Zone 0-12 nm...
8.6.5 Scotland Summary Tables.

9 THE BASELINE: SOUTH WEST IFG (IFG 1)
9.1 Introduction to Area.
9.2 Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.
9.3 South West Employment by District
9.4 South West IFG Landings.
9.5 MPA's and Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area.
9.6 South West Baseline Catch Estimates (IFG 1)
9.6.1 South West Zone 0-1 nm...
9.6.2 South West Zone 0-3 nm...
9.6.3 South West Zone 0-6 nm...
9.6.4 South West Zone 0-12 nm...
9.6.5 South West Summary Tables.

10 THE BASELINE: NORTH WEST IFG (IFG 2)
10.1 Introduction to Area. 160
10.2 North West Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.
10.3 North West Employment by District
10.4 North West Landings.
10.5 MPAs and Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area.
10.6 North West Baseline Catch Estimates (IFG 2)
10.6.1 North West Zone 0-1 nm...
10.6.2 North West Zone 0-3 nm...
10.6.3 North West Zone 0-6 nm...
10.6.4 North West Zone 0-12 nm...
10.6.5 North West Summary Tables.

11 THE BASELINE: OUTER HEBRIDES (IFG 3)
11.1 Introduction to Area.
11.2 Outer Hebrides Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.
11.3 Outer Hebrides Employment
11.4 Outer Hebrides Landings.
11.5 MPAs, Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area.
11.6 The Outer Hebrides Baseline Catch Estimates (IFG 3)
11.6.1 Outer Hebrides Zone 0-1 nm...
11.6.2 Outer Hebrides Zone 0-3 nm...
11.6.3 Outer Hebrides Zone 0-6 nm...
11.6.4 Outer Hebrides Zone 0-12 nm...
Outer Hebrides Summary Tables.

12 THE BASELINE: MF&NC IFG (IFG 4)
12.1 Introduction to Area.
12.2 Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.
12.3 MF& NC Employment by District
12.4 MF&NC Coast Landings.
12.5 MPAs, Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area.
12.6 Moray Firth and North Coast Baseline Catch Estimates (IFG 4)
12.6.1 MF&NC Zone 0-1 nm...
12.6.2 MF&NC Zone 0-3 nm...
12.6.3 MF&NC Zone 0-6 nm...
12.6.4 MF&NC Zone 0-12 nm...
MF&NC Zone Summary Totals.

13 THE BASELINE: ORKNEY (IFG 5)
13.1 Introduction to Area.
13.2 Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.
13.3 Orkney Employment
13.4 MPAs, Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area.
13.5 Orkney Landings.
13.6 Orkney Baseline Estimates (IFG 5)
13.6.1 Orkney Zone 0-1 nm...
13.6.2 Orkney Zone 0-3 nm...
13.6.3 Orkney Zone 0-6 nm...
13.6.4 Orkney Zone 0-12 nm...
13.6.5 Orkney Summary Tables.

14 THE BASELINE: EAST COAST (IFG 6)
14.1 Introduction to Area. 207
14.2 Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.
14.3 East Coast IFG Employment by District
14.4 East Coast Landings.
14.5 Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area.
14.6 East Coast Baseline Catch Estimates (IFG 6)
14.6.1 East Coast Zone 0-1 nm...
14.6.2 East Coast Zone 0-3 nm...
14.6.3 East Coast Zone 0-6 nm...
14.6.4 East Coast Zone 0-12 nm...
East Coast Summary Tables

15 THE BASELINE: SHETLAND
15.1 Introduction to Area.
15.2 Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.
15.3 Shetland Employment
15.4 Shetland Landings.
15.5 Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area.
15.6 Shetland Baseline Estimates (IFG 7)
15.6.1 Shetland Zone 0-1 nm...
15.6.2 Shetland Zone 0-3 nm...
15.6.3 Shetland Zone 0-6 nm...
15.6.4 Shetland Zone 0-12 nm...
15.6.5 Shetland Summary Tables.

16 GEAR CONFLICT
16.1 Introduction.
16.2 Survey Design.
16.2.1 Survey of Fishery Officers.
16.2.2 The On-Line Survey of Fishery Operators.
16.3 Trends.
16.4 Relative Frequency Across IFG's.
16.5 Location of Conflict Within Each IFG..
16.6 Reporting of Incidents.
16.7 Gears in Conflict
16.8 Beliefs About Causation.
16.9 Costs to Operators.
16.9.1 Benefits from Restricting Mobile Gear.

17 THEORETICAL CONTRIBUTION OF MARINE RECREATION
17.1 Sensitivity of Marine Recreation to Changes in Fish Stocks.
17.2 Marine Recreational Based on Predator Populations.
17.3 The Income and Employment Impact of RSA, RD and OMRA.
17.4 The Positive effects of RSA, RD and OMRA on Participants.
17.5 The Positive Effects of RSA, RD and OMRA on Wider Society.
17.6 Monetising the Positive Effects on Participants.
17.6.1 GPNUV and Bequest Value (BV) of RSA and RD.
17.7 Monetising the Positive Effects on Wider Society.

18 SCOTLAND'S RECREATIONAL SEA ANGLING
18.1 Background.
18.1.1 Scottish and Regional RSA: Activity Levels and Expenditure.
18.1.2 The Current Economic Impact of RSA to Scotland.
18.1.3 The Potential Economic Impact of RSA to Scotland.
18.2 The Current Economic Impact of RSA to IFG areas.
18.2.1 Mapping RSA Regions to IFGs.
18.2.2 RSA Activity and Expenditure Flows for IFG Areas.
18.2.3 The Economic Impact of RSA to IFG Areas.
18.3 The Potential Economic Impact of RSA to IFG Areas.
18.4 Estimating RSA's NEV/CBA Contribution: User Value.
18.4.1 Review of Existing Knowledge: NEV of RSA. 263
18.4.2 The Potential Change to Anglers' Consumer Surplus in Scotland.
18.4.3 Current Magnitude of Anglers' Consumers Surplus in IFGs Areas.
18.4.4 The Potential Change to Anglers' Consumer Surplus in IFG Areas.
18.4.5 Current Anglers' Option (User) Value in Scotland.
18.4.6 The Potential Change to Anglers' Option (User) Value in Scotland.
18.4.7 Current Anglers Option Value in IFG areas.
18.4.8 The Potential Change in Anglers' Option (User) Value in IFG areas.
18.4.9 Total User Value for Scotland and IFG Areas.
18.5 RSA Summary Results.
18.5.1 RSA Summary Results Economic Impact
18.5.2 Summary Results RSA: NEV/CBA..

19 RECREATIONAL DIVING (RD)
19.1 Background.
19.1.1 Numbers and Activity Levels.
19.2 Diving Expenditure.
19.3 The Current Economic Impact of RD to Scotland.
19.4 The Potential Economic Impact of RD to Scotland.
19.5 The Current Economic Impact of RD to IFG Areas.
19.6 The Potential Economic Impact of RD to IFG Area.
19.7 Estimating RD's NEV/CBA Contribution.
19.7.1 RD's Potential Contribution: Consumers' Surplus Scotland.
19.7.2 RD's Potential Contribution: Consumers Surplus IFG Areas.
19.7.3 Estimating RD's Potential Contribution: Option Values.
19.8 RD Summary Results.
19.8.1 RD Summary Results Economic Impact
19.8.2 RD Summary Results NEV/CBA..

20 THE BASELINE: GENERAL PUBLIC NON-USER VALUES
20.1 Benefit Transfer
20.2 General Public Non-User Value for Scotland.
20.3 General Public Non-User Value for IFG Areas.

21 THE MODEL
21.1 Introduction.
21.2 Economic Impact Analysis.
21.3 The Model
21.4 Reporting Results.
21.5 The Sectors and Model Assumptions.
21.5.1 Commercial Fishing in the Model
21.5.2 Recreational Sea Angling in the Model
21.5.3 Recreational Diving in the Model
21.5.4 General Public preferences.
21.6 Running the Model

22 THE RESULTS
22.1 Introduction.
22.1.1 Presenting the EIA results.
22.1.2 Presenting the NEV results.
22.2 Results for Scotland.
22.3 South West
22.4 North West
22.5 Outer Hebrides.
22.6 Moray Firth and the North Coast
22.7 Orkney.
22.8 East Coast
22.9 Shetland.
22.10 Summary and Conclusions.

23 OTHER ISSUES EVALUATED
23.1 Introduction.
23.2 . Including Mobile Pelagic Gear in the Restrictions.
23.3 Implications of Individual IFG's Restricting Mobile Gear
23.3.1 Transfer of fishing effort between IFG's.
23.3.2 Impact of Individual IFGs Restrictions on Recreational Activities.
23.4 Additional Licences for Creeling.

24 Interpreting the Results
24.1 Reliability of the Estimates.
24.2 The Range of Estimates.
24.3 The Equivocal Results and their Implications.
24.4 The Results: South West, East Coast and MF&NC..
24.5 Implications: South West and East Coast Results.
24.5.1 South West and East Coast: Defending the Status Quo.

25 Creel Limits
25.1 Introduction.
25.2 The Need for Creel Management
25.2.1 Precautionary Rationale.
25.2.2 Effort Reduction Rationale.
25.3 The Need for Flexibility.
25.4 The Evaluation of CMRs.
25.5 The Key Questions.
25.5.1 Defining the Area.
25.5.2 Allocation and Reallocation of Creel Entitlement
25.5.3 Length of Entitlement
25.5.4 Specifying the Creel Entitlement
25.6 Conclusion.

26 APPENDICES
26.1 Appendix 1: References.
26.2 Appendix 2: Table: Deprivation of Coastal Communities.
26.3 Appendix 3: Deprivation Scores for Each Fishing Port
26.4 Appendix 4: Number of Vessels in Each Scottish Port
26.6 Appendix 5: Gear Conflict Questionnaire: Fishermen.
26.8 Appendix 6: Gear Conflict Questionnaire: Fishery Officers.

List of Tables

Table 2.6. Basic Allocation of Days for 2013-14.

Table 3.2.1 North Sea and West Coast Landed and Discarded Fish by TR2 Vessels (2013)

Table 3.2.2 Scottish Recorded Landed and Discarded Fish by TR2 Vessels (2013)

Table 3.2.3 North Sea landings and discard: Scottish vessels using TR2 (Nephrop) gear

Table 3.2.4 Estimated Fish Discards by Nephrop Trawlers within 1 NM (number of fish)

Table 3.2.5 Estimated Fish Discards by Nephrop Trawlers within 3 NM (number of fish)

Table 3.3 Comparative Impact of Nephrops Trawling and Creeling.

Table 3.5. Relative Importance of MPA's to IFG Zones

Table 3.6. Status Quo and Policy Scenarios

Table 4.2. The Economic Costs of Limiting Trawling within 1 mile and within 3 miles

Table 4.3 The Economic Benefits of Limiting Trawling within 1 mile and within 3 miles

Table 6.1. Summary of VMS Data.

Table 6.2.1 Overestimation Associated with Vessel Counts across IFGs and Gear Types

Table 6.2.2 Number of Vessels over 15 m operating within 12 NM of shore by IFG and gear type.

Table 6.2.3 Number of Vessels < 15m within 1, 3, 6 and 12 mile limits by IFG..

Table 6.2.1 Total Revenues estimated for each IFG by limit zone from ScotMap sample.

Table 6.2.2 Estimated Survey Coverage of Vessels and Revenue by Port

Fig 6.2.3 Identified Shellfish Fishing Areas, South Central Mainland and 1 & 3NM zones

Table 7.2.1 Deprivation Scores, Descriptions

Table 7.2.2 Number of Ports by Deprivation Ranking for each Criterion.

Table 7.3. Claimant Count for Coastal Communities

Table 7.4.1 BRES Employment Data.

Table 7.4.2 Employment in Tourism and Fishing Compared.

Table 8.2.Scottish based vessels by gear and length (2012)

Table 8.3. Nos. Employed on Scottish based vessels, by district, by notional IFG: 2012.

Table 8.4.1 Landings by Scottish Vessels by Landing District by Notional IFG Area 2012.

Table 8.4.2 Value of all landings by main species groups by district by notional IFG area (2012)

Table 8.6.1 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 8.6.2 Scotland: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

Table 8.6.3 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 8.6.4 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 8.6.5 Scotland: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

Table 8.6.6 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 8.6.7 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 8.6.8 Scotland: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

Table 8.6.9 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 8.6.10 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 8.6.11 Scotland: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

Table 8.6.12 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 8.6.13 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 8.6.14 C Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone.

Table 8.6.15 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 8.6.16 Scotland: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 8.6.17 Scotland: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 8.6.18 Catch Value by IFG within 1 and 3NM (£'000s)

Table 8.6.19 Homarus Estimates of Inshore Catches (£'000)2009.

Figure 9.1 South West Map.

Table 9.1. South West IFG Fishery Offices and Administered Ports

Table 9.2. South West Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.

Table 9.3. South West IFG Catching Sector Employment

Table 9.4. South West IFG Landings (£'000) by District by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

Table 9.5.1 IFG 1: MPAs in the South West IFG in 0-1 NM and 0-3NM zone.

Table 9.6.2 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 9.6.3 IFG 1: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 9.6.4 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 9.6.5 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 9.6.6 IFG 1: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 9.6.7 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 9.6.8 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 9.6.9 IFG 1: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 9.6.10 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 9.6.11 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 9.6.12 IFG 1: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

Table 9.6.13 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 9.6.14 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 9.15 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone.

Table 9.6.16 IFG 1: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 9.6.17 IFG 1: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 9.6.18 IFG 1: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 10.1. North West IFG Fishery Offices and Their Administered Ports

Table 10.2. North West Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.

Table 10.3. North West IFG Catching Sector Employment

Table 10.4. North West Landings (£'000) by District by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

Table 10.5.1 IFG 1: MPAs in the North West IFG in 0-1 NM and 0-3NM zones

Table 10.6.1 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 10.6.2 IFG 2: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

Table 10.6.3 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 10.6.4 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 10.6.5 IFG 2: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

Table 10.6.5 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 10.6.7 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 10.6.8 IFG 8: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

Table 10.6.9 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 10.6.10 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 10.6.11 IFG 2: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

Table 10.6.12 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 10.6.13 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 10.6.14 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone.

Table 10.6.15 IFG 2: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 10.6.16 IFG 2: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 10.6.17 IFG 2: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Figure 11.1. Outer Hebrides IFG Area.

Table 11.2. Outer Hebrides; Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.

Table 11.3. Outer Hebrides Catching Sector Employment

Table 11.4. Outer Hebrides IFG Landings by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

Table 11.5.1 IFG 1: MPAs in the Outer Hebrides North West IFG in 0-1 NM and 0-3NM zones

Table 11.6.1 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 11.6.2 IFG 3: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15 m in 0-1 NM zone

Table 11.6.3 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 11.6.4.IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 11.6.5 IFG 3: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

Table 11.6.6 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 11.6.7 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 11.6.8 IFG 3: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

Table 11.6.9 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 11.6.10 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 11.6.11 IFG 3: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

Table 11.6.12 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 11.6.13 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 11.6.14 IFG 3: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone.

Table 11.6.15 IFG 3: Catch Value by Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 11.6.16 IFG 3: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 11.6.17 IFG 3: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 12.1. MF&NC Fishery Districts and Their Ports

Table 12.2. MF & NC Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.

Table 12.3. MF&NC Catching Sector Employment by District

Table 12.4. MF&NC IFG Landings by District by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

Table 12.5.1 IFG 1: MPAs in the MF&NC IFG in 0-1 NM and 0-3NM zones

Table 12.6.1 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 12.6.2 IFG 4: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

Table 12.6.3 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 12.6.4 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 12.6.5 IFG 4: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

Table 12.6.6 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 12.6.7 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 12.6.8 IFG 4: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

Table 12.6.9 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 12.6.10 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 12.6.11 IFG 4: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

Table 12.6.12 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 12.6.13 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 12.6.14 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone.

Table 12.6.15 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 12.6.17 IFG 4: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 12.6.18 IFG 4: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Figure 13.1 Orkney IFG..

Table 13.1 Orkney Sea Angling.

Table 13.2 Orkney Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.

Table 13.3 Orkney Catching Sector Employment

Table 13.4.1 IFG 1: MPAs in the Orkney IFG in 0-1 NM and 0-3NM zones

Table 13.4 Orkney IFG Landings by District by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

Table 13.6.1 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 13.6.2 IFG 5: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

Table 13.6.3 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 13.6.4 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 13.6.5 IFG 5: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

Table 13.6.6 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 13.6.10 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 13.6.11 IFG 5: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

Table 13.6.12 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 13.6.13 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 13.6.14 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone.

Table 13.6.16 IFG 5: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 13.6.17 IFG 5: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Figure 14.1 East Coast IFG Area.

Table 14.1 East Coast Fishery Districts and Their Administrative Ports.

Table 14.2 East Coast IFG Active Vessels by District and Gear Type.

Table 14.3 East Coast IFG Catching Sector Employment by District

Table 14.4 East Coast IFG Landings by District by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

Table 14.6.1 IFG 6 Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 14.6.2 IFG 6: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

Table 14.6.3 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 14.6.4 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 14.6.5 IFG 6: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

Table 14.6.6 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 14.6.7 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 14.6.8 IFG 6: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

Table 14.6.9 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 14.6.10 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 14.6.11 IFG 6: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

Table 14.6.12 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 14.6.13 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 14.6.14 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone.

Table 14.6.15 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 14.6.16 IFG 6: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 14.6.17 IFG 6: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 15.2. Shetland Active Vessels by Gear Type.

Table 15.3 Shetland Catching Sector Employment

Table 15.4 Shetland Landings by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

Table 15.6.1 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 15.6.2 IFG 7: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

Table 15.6.3 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone.

Table 15.6.4 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 15.6.5 IFG 7: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

Table 15.6.6 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone.

Table 15.6.7 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 15.6.8 IFG 7: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

Table 15.6.9 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone.

Table 15.6.10 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 15.6.11 IFG 7: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

Table 15.6.12 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone.

Table 15.6.13 IFG 7 Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 15.6.14 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone.

Table 15.6.15 IFG 7: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 15.6.16 IFG 7: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 15.6.17 IFG 7: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Table 16.2.1 IFGs and Fishery Office Territories

Table 16.2.2 Respondents by IFG..

Table 16.2.3 Estimated Vessel Pop. by Size by IFG..

Table 16.2.4 Estimated Response Rate by IFG..

Table 16.3.Tends in Gear Conflict

Table 16.4 Relative Frequency of Gear Conflicts

Table 16.5.1 Location of Conflicts within IFG Areas

Table 16.5.2 Location of Fishing Effort within IFG Areas

Table 16.6.1 % of Incidents Recorded by Marine Compliance (Fishery Officers)

Table 16.6.2 % of Incidents Reported by Fishery Operators

Table 16.7.1 Incidents by Gear Type on Gear Type within 1nm..

Table 16.7.2 Incidents by Gear Type on Gear Type between 1 and 3nm..

Table 16.7.3 Incidents by Gear Type on Gear Type between 3 and 6nm..

Table 16.7.4 Incidents by Gear Type on Gear Type between 6 and 12nm..

Table 16.7.5 All Incidents by Gear Type on Gear Type.

Table 16.7.2.6 Location of the most common conflicts

Table 16.8 Gear Conflict Scenarios

Table 16.9.1 Total Gear Conflict Costs by Gear Type by IFG..

Table 16.9.2 The Mean Annual Cost of Conflict by Gear Type by IFG..

Table 16.9.3 Conflicts Avoided.

Table 16.9.4 Estimated Gear Conflict Savings

Table 16.9.5 Scaled Annual Gear Conflict Savings

Table 16.9.6 Final Estimates Annual Gear Conflict Savings

Table 18.1.1 Estimates of Regional Sea Angling Activity and Expenditure (Radford et al).

Table 18.1.2 Economic Impact of Sea Angling (2009 prices)

Table 18.1.3 Economic Contribution 50% Increase in RSA (2009 prices)

Table 18.1.4 Economic Contribution 25% Increase in RSA (2009 prices)

Table 18.1.5 Economic Contribution 10% Increase in RSA (2009 prices)

18.1.5 RSA's Potential Economic Impact on Scotland (2013 prices)

Table 18.2.1 The Economic Impact of Sea Angling by Region.

Table 18.2.2 Table of RSA Regional Adjustments

Table 18.2.3 RSA Activity and Expenditure flows for IFG Areas

Table 18.2.4 Current Economic Impact Of RSA In Each IFG Area..

Table 18.3.1 RSA's Potential Economic Impact to IFGs (2013 Prices)

Table 18.4.1 Annual Angler User Values (Kenter et al, 2012)

Table 18.4.2 Estimates of Consumers Surplus (net WTP) from Contingent Valuation.

Table 18.4.3 Estimates from TCM Analysis

Table 18.4.4 Current Consumer Surplus for RSA.

Table 18.4.5 Estimated Changes in Anglers' Consumer Surplus: Scotland.

Table 18.4.6 RSA's Potential Impact Consumers' Surplus (Scotland Scenarios)

Table 18.4.7 Regional Sea Angling Activity by Type of Angling.

Table 18.4.8 Consumers Surplus for Each IFG..

Table 18.4.9 RSA's Potential Impact Consumers' Surplus in IFGs Areas

Table 18.4.10 Annual Angler Non User Values (Kenter et al, 2012)

Table 18.4.11 Mean WTP and Re-Scaled Totals for Scotland 20 Sites

Table 18.4.12 Annual Mean WTP Values

Table 18.4.13 Estimated Anglers Option Value: Scotland.

Table 18.4.14 RSA's Potential Impact Option Value (Scotland Scenarios).

Table 18.4.15 Distribution of Option Value Across IFG Areas

Table 18.4.16 RSA's Potential Impact Option User Value in IFGs Areas

Table 18.5.1 RSA's Potential Economic Impact on Scotland (2013 prices)

Table 18.5.2 RSA's Potential Economic Impact on IFGs (2013 Prices)

Table 18.5.3 RSA's Potential Impact Net Economic Values (Scotland Scenarios)

Table 18.5.4 RSA's Potential Impact Net Economic Values (IFG Areas)

Table 19.1.1 Frequency of Annual Participation (Diver Days)

Table 19.1.2 Total UK Diver Days

Table 19.1.3 UK Diver Population Estimates

Table 19.1.4 Participation Rates home and abroad by Residence –ITV Regions 2009.

Table 19.1.6 Frequency of Participation in the UK.

Table 19.1.7 Participation Rates and UK Diver Days Residence ITV Regions 2009.

Table 19.1.8 Diving Days in Scotland by Origins

Table 19.2.1 Diving Expenditure at St Abbs (2013 prices)

Table 19.2.2 Specialist Charter Vessels

Table 19.2.3 Diver Expenditure in Scotland.

Table 19.3 Economic Impact of Recreational Diving (2013 prices)

Table 19.4.1 Economic Contribution 20% Increase in RD.

Table 19.4.2 Economic Contribution 10% Increase in RD (2013 prices)

Table 19.4.3 Economic Contribution 5% Increase in RD (2013 prices)

Table 19.4.4 RD's Potential Economic Impact on Scotland (2013 prices)

Table 19.5.1 RD Expenditure Across IFG's

Table 19.5.2 RD Adjustment Factor

Table 19.5.3 RD's Current Net Economic Impact

Table 19.6 RD's Potential Economic Impact on IFGs (2013 Prices)

Table 19.7.1 Annual Diver User Values (Kenter et al, 2012)

Table 19.7.2 RD's Potential Consumers' Surplus (Scotland Scenarios)

Table 19.7.2 RSA/RD Scaling IFG Scaling Factors

Table 19.7.3 RD's Potential Impact Consumers' Surplus in IFGs Areas

Table 19.8.1 RD's Potential Economic Impact on Scotland (2013 prices)

Table 19.8.2 RD's Potential Economic Impact on IFGs (2013 Prices)

Table 19.8.3 RD's Potential Impact Net Economic Values (Scotland Scenarios)

Table 19.8.4 RDs Potential Impact Net Economic Values (IFG Areas)

Table 20.1.1 Mean WTP Individual Country Samples (£/household/annum).

Table 20.1.2 Aggregate Annual Non-Market Benefits for Policy Attribute Levels (£M)

Table 20.2 General Public Potential Net Economic Values (Scotland Scenarios)

Table 20.3 IFG Populations

Table 20.4 General Public Potential Net Economic Values IFGs

Table 21.2 Employment Multipliers

Table 22.2 The Alternative Scenarios.

Table 22.2.1a. EIA for Scotland (0-1 NM)

Table 22.2.1a. NEV Results (£m) for Scotland (0-1 NM)

Table 22.2.2a. EIA Results for Scotland (0-3 NM)

Table 22.2.2b. NEV Results (£m) for Scotland (0-3 NM)

Table 22.3.1a. EIA Results for South West (0-1 NM)

Table 22.3.1b. NEV Results (£m) for South West (0-1 NM)

Table 22.3.2a. EIA Results for South West IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.3.2b. NEV Results (£m) for South West IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.4.1a EIA Results for North West IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.4.1b NEV Results (£m) for North West IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.4.2a EIA Results for North West IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.4.2a NEV Results (£m) for North West IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.5.1a EIA Results for Outer Hebrides IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.5.1b NEV Results (£m) for Outer Hebrides IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.5.2a EIA Results for Outer Hebrides IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.5.2a NEV Results (£m) for Outer Hebrides IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.6.1a EIA Results for MF&NC IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.6.1b NEV Results (£m) for MF&NC IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.6.2a EIA Results for MF&NC IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.6.2b NEV Results (£m) for MF&NC IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.7.1a EIA Results for Orkney IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.7.1b NEV Results (£m) for Orkney IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.7.2a EIA Results for Orkney IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.7.2b NEV Results (£m) for Orkney IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.8.1a EIA Results for East Coast IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.8.1b NEV Results (£m) for East Coast IFG (0-1 NM)

Table 22.8.2a EIA Results for East Coast IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.8.2b NEV Results (£m) for East Coast IFG (0-3 NM)

Table 22.8.3 Comparative NEV Results (0-3 NM)

Table 22.9.1a EIA Results for Shetland (0-1 NM)

Table 22.9.1b NEV Results (£m) for Shetland (0-1 NM)

Table 22.9.2a EIA Results for Shetland (0-3 NM)

Table 22.9.2b NEV Results (£m) for Shetland (0-3 NM)

Table 20.10.1 Economic Impact All IFGs

Table 20.10.2 NEV Including OV & GPNUV for all IFGs

Table 23.3.1 Transfer of Effort: IFG Border Ports

Table 23.3.2 Transfer of Effort: IFG Creeks

Table 23.3.3 Value of Catch in IFG Border Areas >15m..

Table 23.3.4 Value of Catch in IFG Border Areas 15m and under

Table 23.3.5 Total IFG Border Catch and % of Border catch in IFG..

Table 22.4.2 Pay-Off Matrix.