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Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Volume 3 Number 1: Scoping study for tidal stream energy development in Scottish waters

Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Volume 3 Number 1: Scoping study for tidal stream energy development in Scottish waters

Thursday, July 19, 2012

ISBN: 9781780457314

Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 3 No 1: Scoping study for tidal stream energy development in Scottish waters

Executive Summary

The Scottish Government has set a range of challenging targets for energy and climate

change. These recognise the potential to take advantage of the extensive marine energy

resources (wind, wave and tidal power) available in Scottish waters and include meeting at

least 30% of total energy demand from renewable sources by 2020, incorporating:

o 100% of electricity demand from renewables (31% by 2011)

o 11% of heat demand from renewables

o 10% of transport fuel from renewables

In addition, the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 sets statutory targets of at least 42%

emissions cuts by 2020, and at least 80% by 2050.

To assist in meeting these targets, the Scottish Government has adopted an iterative

approach to marine planning for the renewable energy sectors. A Sectoral Marine Plan for

Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters (Blue Seas - Green Energy) sets out the

Government's vision for developing offshore wind energy up to 2020 and beyond and has

identified short term development sites for offshore wind up to 2020, with a potential to

deliver almost five Gigawatts (GW) of electricity generation capacity. A new Scoping Study

extends the potential development area out to 200 nm.

A sensitivity analysis of the process used to develop the offshore wind Plan concluded that,

as additional data and monitoring information and improved data handling procedures

become available, these should be incorporated into the emerging iterative marine planning

process.