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Summary Justice Reform: Evaluation of the Reforms to Fines Enforcement

DescriptionThis evaluation of changes to fines enforcement shows that fines collection rates remain stable. Two changes could improve collection rates (i) better access to information (ii) more appropriate use of the fine.
ISBN978 1 780455198
Official Print Publication DateNovember 2011
Website Publication DateNovember 30, 2011

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Paul Bradshaw, Susan Reid, Judith Mabelis, Anne Birch, Mireille Ferrandon and Simon Anderson - Scottish Centre for Social Research
Mary Munro - Independent Consultant
Paul McCrone - King's College, London With
Lyn Jones - Independent Consultant and
Monica Barry - Independent Consultant

ISBN 978 1 78045 519 8 (Web only publication)
ISSN 2045 6964
DPPAS 12300

This document is also available in pdf format (1.3mb)

CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1 INTRODUCTION
Methods
Limitations of the evaluation
Structure of the report
A note on the presentation of quantitative data

2 FINANCIAL PENALTIES AND FINES ENFORCEMENT IN SCOTLAND
Introduction
Use of the fine as a criminal justice disposal in Scotland
Background to the reforms to fines enforcement
The organisation of fines enforcement post-reform

3 USE OF ENFORCEMENT POWERS
Introduction
The importance of information
Use of enforcement powers
Practitioner perspectives on enforcement sanctions
Impact of enforcement
Judicial involvement
Police involvement

4 THE COLLECTION AND PAYMENT OF FINANCIAL PENALTIES
Introduction
Fines paid in full
Fines 'on-track', in arrears or with no payment
Fines discharged
Perceptions and awareness of collection rates
Awareness and relevance of an individual's previous fine payment

5 DEFAULTER PERSPECTIVES
Introduction
Circumstances and characteristics of interviewees
Attitudes to payment
Current fines - how/why defaulted
Payment methods, help with payments
Awareness of changes in enforcement
Knowledge of sanctions
Contact with fines enforcement officers
General views about fines and improvements to enforcement

6 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
Introduction
Description of the model
Individual and cumulative costs of enforcement actions
Average costs of enforcement
Costs of enforcement versus fine revenue collected

7 CONCLUSIONS
How well is the fines enforcement system now working?
How might the fines enforcement system be improved further?
To what extent have the reforms to fines enforcement contributed to the overall objectives of summary justice reform?

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX A - AIMS, OBJECTIVES AND METHODS
Aims and objectives of the research
Summary of research design
Out of Scope

APPENDIX B - ECONOMIC MODELS FOR FINES PROCESS

APPENDIX C - GLOSSARY

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and
do not necessarily represent those of the Department or Scottish Ministers.

This report is available on the Scottish Government Social Research website only
www.scotland.gov.uk/socialresearch.