We are testing a new beta website for gov.scot go to new site

Marine Scotland: Economic Assessment of Short Term Options for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters: Costs and Benefits to Other Marine Users and Interests


7. References

ABPmer, 2002a. Burbo Offshore Wind Farm Coastal Process Study. Report for SeaScape Energy Ltd. ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd, Report No. R.962.

ABPmer, 2002b. Scarweather Sands Offshore Wind Farm: Coastal Summary of Coastal Process Investigation for Environmental Statement.. Report for Hyder Consulting (for United Utilities). ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd, Report No. R.985b. December 2002.

ABPmer, 2003. Scarweather Sands Offshore Wind Farm: Further Investigation of Coastal Process Issues Raised by Countryside Council for Wales. Report for Hyder Consulting (for United Utilities Scarweather Sands Ltd). ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd, Report No. R.1029. May 2003.

ABPmer, 2008. Atlas of UK Marine Renewable Energy Resources: Technical Report. ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd, Report No. R.1432. May 2008.

ABPmer, 2010a Review of the Economic and Environmental Data for Scotland's Coastal and Marine Cultural Heritage. Report for the Scottish Government. ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd, Report No. R.1638, November 2010.

ABPmer, 2011. Habitats Regulations Appraisal of Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters: Appropriate Assessment Information Review. ABP Marine Environmental Research Ltd, Report Nos. R.1722a-c

ACES, 2010. The Value of Tourism Expenditure related to the East of Scotland Bottlenose Dolphin Population. Aberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability. A report for the Moray Firth Partnership.

AMEC, 2010a. Islay Offshore Wind Farm Scoping Document. For SSE Renewables Developments ( UK) Limited.

AMEC, 2010b. Kintyre Offshore Wind Farm Scoping Document. For SSE Renewables Developments ( UK) Limited.

Argyll Renewables Communities, 2010. Socio-economic Impact Assessment Scoping Study, February 2010.

Arup, 2001. Assessment of the potential contribution of marinas and watersports to increasing prosperity in Cornwall. OveArup and Partners, Bristol, UK.

Atkins, 2004. ICZM in the UK: A Stocktake. Available online: http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/marine/documents/protected/iczm/st-full-report.pdf

BAA Edinburgh, 2005. Edinburgh Airport Master Plan.

BAA Glasgow, 2006. Glasgow Airport Master Plan.

Bain and Company, 2008. Employment opportunities and challenges in the context of rapid industry growth: A closer look at the development of wind, wave and tidal energy in the UK. Available online: http://www.bwea.com/pdf/publications/Bain%20Brief_Wind%20Energy%202008_FINAL.pdf

Blyth-Skyrme, R.E. 2010a. Developing guidance on fisheries cumulative impact assessment for wind farm developers. Report for COWRIE Ltd, London. 7 pp.

Blyth-Skyrme, R.E., 2010b. Options and opportunities for marine fisheries mitigation associated with wind farms. Final report for Collaborative Offshore Wind Research Into the Environment contract FISHMITIG09. COWRIE Ltd, London. 125 pp.

BMF, 2009. Watersports and Leisure Participation Survey 2009. Available online: http://www.britishmarine.co.uk/upload_pub/WatersportsandLeisureOmnibus2009finalpublic.pdf

BMF. 2010. UK Leisure and Small Commercial Marine Industry Key Performance Indicators 2009/10. Available online: http://www.britishmarine.co.uk/upload_pub/KPIReport2010.pdf

Bournemouth University, 2010.The Economic Impact of Wildlife Tourism in Scotland. A report for the Scottish Government.

British Ports Association, 2008. Scottish Ports Committee Ports in Scotland "Delivering Value".

BWEA, 2006. The impact of wind farms on the tourist industry in the UK.

BWEA, 2007. Investigation of Technical and Operational Effects on Marine Radar Close to Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm. April, 2007.

Cefas (2005). Assessment of the significance of changes to the inshore wave regime as a consequence of an offshore wind array. Contract AE1227. Research project final report. September 2005

Chamber of Shipping, 2010. Scottish Navigation Workshop - 19 February, 2010. Input to the Strategic Environment Assessment Report in Scottish Territorial Waters.

Civil Aviation Authority , 2010. Civil Aviation Authority , 2010 letter, ERM/ DAP/Windfarm/ ScottishOffshore STW dated 24 September 2010.

Davies, I.M. and Aires, C, 2011. Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters - sensitivity assessment of spatial modelling Marine Scotland Science Report.

DECC 2009. UK Offshore Energy Strategic Environmental Assessment: Future Leasing for Offshore OWF's and Licensing for Offshore Oil & Gas and Gas Storage.

Defence Estates Safeguarding, 2010. Defence Estates Safeguarding letter: D/ DE/43/27 in response to Draft SEA for Offshore Wind dated 16 August 2010.

Defra, 2004. Research into the Economic contribution of Sea Angling. Drew Associates. 71pp

Defra, 2008. The United Kingdom operational program for the European Fisheries Fund (2007-2013).

Department of Trade and Industry ( DTI), 2005. Guidance on the assessment of the impacts of offshore wind farms: Seascape and visual impact report. Available online: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file22852.pdf

DfT, 2002. The future development of air transport in the UK: Scotland: a national consultation.

DfT, 2008. Maritime Statistics 2007. Department of Transport (published September 2008)

DfT, 2009. UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts

DfT, 2010. Transport Statistics Report: Maritime Statistics 2009. Available online: http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/statistics/datatablespublications/maritime/compendium/maritimestatistics2009

Dickie, I., Hughes, J., Esteban, A., 2006. Watched like never before - the local economic benefits of spectacular bird species. Report for the RSPB.

ERM, 2010. Beatrice Offshore Wind farm Ltd: Environmental Scoping Report. 12 March 2010.

Faber Maunsell & Metoc plc, 2007. Scottish Marine Renewables Strategic Environmental Assessment. Report prepared for the Scottish Executive.

Faber Maunsell Limited, 2008. Scottish Marine Bill Strategic Environmental Assessment ( SEA): Environmental Report ( ER). Scottish Government.

Fred Olsen Renewables, 2010. Scoping Report: Forth Array Offshore Wind Farm Site

Gill, A.B., Huang, Y., Gloyne-Philips, I., Metcalfe, J., Quayle, V., Spencer, J. & Wearmouth, V. (2009). COWRIE 2.0 Electromagnetic Fields ( EMF) Phase 2: EMF-sensitive fish response to EM emissions from sub-sea electricity cables of the type used by the offshore renewable energy industry. Commissioned by COWRIE Ltd (project reference COWRIE- EMF-1-06).

Harrald, M, Aires, C & Davies, I. 2010. Further Scottish Leasing Round (Saltire Prize Projects): Regional Locational Guidance. Scottish Marine & Freshwater Science Volume 1 No 18.

Harris Interactive, 2008. The Visitor Experience 2008. Executive Summary, prepared for VisitScotland. Available online: http://www.visitscotland.org/pdf/visitor_experience_2008-excutive-summary.pdf

HM Treasury, 2003. The Green Book. Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government. London, TSO.

Infrastructure Planning Commission. 2010. Scoping Opinion: Proposed Triton Knoll Offshore Wind Farm. September, 2010.

Interorganisational Committee on Principles and Guidelines for Social Impact Assessment, 2003. 'Principles and guidelines for social impact assessment in the USA', Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 2003, 21(3): 231-250.

James, M.A. and Slaski, R.2006. Appraisal of the opportunity for offshore aquaculture in UK waters. Report of Project FC0934, commissioned by Defra and Seafish from FRM Ltd

Kemp, R. (2008) Energy consumption of marine aggregate extraction. The Crown Estate, 21 pages, February 2008. ISBN: 978-0-9553427-9-0.

Ladenburg, J & Dubgaard, A. 2009. Preferences of coastal zone user groups regarding the siting of offshore wind farms. Ocean & Coastal Management, 52(5), 233-242.

Ladenburg, J, 2010. Attitudes towards offshore wind farms - the role of beach visits on attitude and demographic and attitude relations. Energy Policy, 38(3). 1297-1304.

Land Use Consultants, 2006. A Review of Marine and Coastal Recreation in Scotland. Report No. F05 AA608.

Lazarow, N. 2009. Using observed market expenditure to estimate the value of recreational surfing to the Gold Coast, Australia. Journal of Coastal Research, SI 56 (Proceedings of the 10th International Coastal Symposium), 1130-1134.

Mackinson, S., Curtis, H., Brown, R., McTaggart, K., Taylor, N., Neville, S. and Rogers, S., 2006. A report on the perceptions of the fishing industry into the potential socio-economic impacts of offshore wind energy developments on their work patterns and income. Sci. Ser. Tech Rep., Cefas Lowestoft, 133: 99pp.

Mainstream Renewable Power, 2009. Neart na Gaoithe Proposed Offshore Wind Farm: Scoping Report November 2009.

Marine Scotland, 2010a. Strategic Environmental Assessment ( SEA) of Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters: Volume 1: Environmental Report. Report for the Scottish Government, May 2010. ISBN: 978-0-7559-9309-3. Available online: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf

Marine Scotland, 2010b. Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters. Report for the Scottish Government. May 2010. ISBN: 978-0-7559-9308-6. Available online: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312147/0098586.pdf

Marine Scotland, 2010c. Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters Draft Plan and Strategic Environmental Assessment Analysis of Consultation Responses. Report for the Scottish Government, December 2010. ISBN: 978-0-7559-9900-2.
Available online: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/336236/0110013.pdf

Masters, D., Nautilus Consultants and Carter, J. 1998. Marine Wildlife Tourism: developing a quality approach in the Highlands and Islands. Submitted to the Tourism and Environment Initiative and Scottish Natural Heritage, May 1998, 39pp.

Mee, L., 2006. Complementary Benefits of Alternative Energy: Suitability of Offshore Wind Farms as Aquaculture Sites SEAFISH - Project Ref: 10517, April 2006.

META. 2002. Genuinely sustainable marine ecotourism in the EU Atlantic area: A Blueprint for Responsible Marketing. Marine Ecotourism for the Atlantic area project, Bristol. 36pp.

Michler-Cieluch, T; Gesche, K and Buck B. 2009. Marine Aquaculture within Offshore OWF's: Social Aspects of Multiple-Use Planning. GAIA-Ecological perspectives for science and society 18 158-162.

National Statistics (2003): UK Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2003, available from: http://www.statistics.gov.uk/methods_quality/sic/downloads/uk_sic_vol1%282003%29.pdf.

NATS Safeguarding, 2006. Options for Mitigation the Impact of Wind Turbines On NERLS's Primary radar infrastructure.

O'Connor, S., Campbell, R., Cortez, H., & Knowles, T., 2009, Whale Watching Worldwide: tourism numbers, expenditures and expanding economic benefits, a special report from the International Fund for Animal Welfare, Yarmouth MA, USA, prepared by Economists at Large.

Parsons, E., Warburton, C, Woods-Ballard, A., Hughes, A., and Johnston, P. 2003. The value of conserving whales: The impacts of whale-watching on the economy of rural west Scotland. Aquatic Conservation 13: 397-415.

Radford, A. and Riddington, G. 2004.The Economic Impact of Game and Coarse Fishing in Scotland. For SEERAD, November 2004. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/06/19506/38879

Radford, A., Riddington, G. and Gibson, H. 2009. Economic Impact of Recreational Sea Angling in Scotland. Prepared for the Scottish Government. July 2009. ISBN: 978-0-7559-8130-4

Renewable UK, 2010. Channelling the Energy: A way forward for the UK Wave & Tidal Industry Towards 2020.

Riddington, G., Harrison, T., McArthur, D., Gibson, H., Millar, K. The economic impacts of wind farms on Scottish tourism. A report for the Scottish Government. March 2008.

RPS (2005). London Array offshore wind farm. Environmental statement. Volume 1. Offshore works. January 2005.

RSPB (2010) The Local Value of Seabirds: Estimating spending by visitors to RSPB coastal reserves and associated local economic impact attributable to seabirds. The RSPB, Sandy, UK.

RYA, 2004. 'Sharing the wind'. Recreational Boating in the Offshore Wind Farm Strategic Areas. Identification of recreational boating interests in the Thames Estuary, Greater Wash and North West (Liverpool Bay).

RYA, 2005. UK Coastal Atlas of Recreational Boating.

RYA, 2009. The RYA's Position on Offshore Energy Developments, December 2009.

Saunders, J., Tinch, R., Ozdemiroglu, E. & Hull, S., 2010. Valuing the Marine Estate and UK Seas: Initial Static Baseline Assessment. Marine Estate Research Report for The Crown Estate.

Saunders, J., Tinch, R., Ozdemiroglu, E. & Hull, S., 2011. Valuing the Marine Estate and UK Seas: Dynamic Baseline Assessment (draft). Marine Estate Research Report for The Crown Estate.

Scott, K.E., Anderson, C., Dunsford, H., Benson, J.F., MacFarlane, R., 2005. An assessment of the sensitivity and capacity of the Scottish seascape in relation to offshore wind farms. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.103 ( ROAME No. F03 AA06).

Scottish Agricultural College, 2004. Tiree Socio-economic assessment.

Scottish Enterprise & Highlands & Islands Enterprise, 2010a. National Renewables Infrastructure Plan. February 2010.

Scottish Enterprise & Highlands & Islands Enterprise, 2010b. National Renewables Infrastructure Plan Stage 2. July 2010.

Scottish Enterprise & Tourism Resources Company, 2010. Sailing Tourism in Scotland. Available online: http://www.scottish_enterprise.com/~/media/publications%20archive/About%20Us/economic%20research/Sailing_tourism_in_scotland.ashx

Scottish Enterprise Borders, 2007. Diving on the East Coast of the Scottish Borders, Scottish Enterprise Borders, Tourism Resources Company & EKOS Ltd., May 2007.

Scottish Enterprise, 2006. Sailing in the Clyde Estuary: the potential for future development. A market assessment, economic impact study and action plan.

Scottish Government, 2009. Scottish Transport Statistics: No. 28 - 2009 Edition. Available online: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/12/18095042/0

Scottish Government, 2010a. Food and Drink in Scotland: Key Facts 2010. Published by the Scottish Government, November 2010. ISBN 97780755996902. [Available online: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2010/11/18094010/3]

Scottish Government, 2010b. Scottish Transport Statistics, No. 29, December 2010. Available online: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/933/0109841.pdf

Scottish Government. 2011. Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for The National Marine Plan.

Scottish Renewables, 2010. Scottish Offshore Wind: Creating an Industry.

Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics, 2009. A National Statistics Publication for Scotland. Available online: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/324719/0104567.pdf

ScottishPower Renewables, 2010. Sound of Islay Demonstration Tidal Array Environmental Statement: Non Technical Study.

SDI, 2009. Scotland: Secure your tourism investment. Available online: http://www.sdi.co.uk/Brochures%20and%20Videos/Brochures/~/media/ScotDevInt/documents/tourism/secure-your-tourism-investment-brochure.ashx

SeaEnergy Renewables, 2010. Inch Cape Offshore Wind Farm: offshore wind turbines, inter-array cabling and associated offshore infrastructure. Environmental Impact Assessment, Scoping Report. August 2010.

Scottish Natural Heritage. 2008. Valuing our Environment: The Economic Impact of Scotland's Natural Environment.

SQW, 2008. Economic Impact of Glasgow Prestwick Airport: Final report to Glasgow Prestwick Airport, South Ayrshire Council and Scottish Enterprise.

SQW, 2009. Scottish Golf Market Analysis.

SSPO, 2010. Scottish Salmon Farming Industry Research Report. Published December 2010.

Surfers Against Sewage ( SAS), 2009. Guidance on environmental impact assessment of offshore renewable energy development on surfing resources and recreation.

Surfers Against Sewage ( SAS), 2010. The WAR Report: Waves Are Resources. Available online: http://www.sas.org.uk/news/2010/08/04/sas-release-the-war-report-waves-are-resources/

The David Hume Institute, 2003. Central Scotland Airport Study.

Thomson, D., 2001. Hebrides and west coast of Scotland: The social and cultural importance of the coastal fishing communities and their contribution to food security.

Tourism Intelligence Scotland, 2010. Golf Tourism in Scotland - opportunities for growth. Published in collaboration with Scottish Enterprise, Visit Scotland and Highlands and Islands Enterprise.

Tri Marine Research Group, 2004. Container Transhipment and Demand for Container Terminal Capacity in Scotland.

UKERC, 2010. Great expectations: The cost of offshore wind in UK waters - understanding the past and projecting the future. A report produced by the Technology and Policy Assessment Function of the UK Energy Research Centre. September 2010.

UKMMAS, 2010. Charting Progress 2: Productive Seas Evidence Group Feeder Report. Available online: http://chartingprogress.defra.gov.uk/

Viner, D., Pinnegar, J.K., Sheard, N. 2006. Alternative futures for marine ecosystems; summary report. School of Environmental Science, University of East Anglia. 20 pp

Visit Scotland, 2009a. Scotland: The key facts on tourism in 2009. Available online: http://www.visitscotland.org/pdf/Tourism%20in%20Scotland%202009.pdf

VisitScotland, 2009b. Tourism in Eastern Scotland 2009: Edinburgh & Lothians, Angus & Dundee, Perthshire and the Kingdom of Fife. Available online: http://www.visitscotland.org/pdf/vs_eastern.pdf

VisitScotland, 2009c. Tourism in Southern Scotland 2009: Dumfries & Galloway and the Scottish Borders Factsheet. Available online: http://www.visitscotland.org/pdf/vs_southern.pdf

VisitScotland, 2009d. Tourism in Western Scotland 2009: Glasgow & Clyde Valley, Ayrshire & Arran, Argyll, Loch Lomond & Stirling Factsheet. Available online: http://www.visitscotland.org/pdf/vs_western.pdf

WAG, 2008. Coastal Tourism Strategy. ISBN: 9780750449403

Wavegen, 2002. Islay Limpet Project Monitoring Final Report. ETSU V/06/00180/00/Rep.

Wilding, T.A., Kelly, M.S. and Black, K.D. 2006. Alternative marine sources of protein and oil for aquaculture feeds: state of the art and recommendations for further research. The Crown Estate, 63 pages.

York Aviation, 2010. BAA Aberdeen: The Economic Impact of Aberdeen Airport - Executive Summary.


Department for Business Innovation and Skills: http://www.bis.gov.uk

Forth Ports Plc. http://www.forthports.co.uk

Parliament UK: http://www.publications.parliament.uk

Ports and Harbours of the UK: http://www.ports.org.uk/index.asp

Renewable UK (formerly BWEA): http://www.bwea.com

Royal AirForce: RAF Kinloss: http://www.raf.mod.uk/rafkinloss

Scottish Enterprise: http://www.scottish-enterprise.com

Scottish Government: http://www.scotland.gov.uk

Scottish Renewables: http://www.scottishrenewables.com

Scottish TV: http://news.stv.tv

The Press and Journal: http://www.pressandjournal.co.uk

VisitScotland (Corporate Website): http://www.visitscotland.org/default.aspx

VisitScotland (Golf Website): http://golf.visitscotland.com/courses.aspx