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Marine Scotland: Economic Assessment of Short Term Options for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters: Costs and Benefits to Other Marine Users and Interests

DescriptionThe Scottish Government?s draft Offshore Wind Energy Plan provides a strategic overview of where offshore wind development could be progressed including The Crown Estate?s 9 short-term options, together with a number of medium and longer-term options.
ISBN978178045162
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateMarch 22, 2011

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ISBN 978 1 78045 162 6 (Web only publication)
DPPAS 11534

This document is also available in pdf format (13.1mb)

Contents

Summary

Abbreviations

1. Introduction
1.1 Scope of Study
1.2 Report Structure

2. Methodology
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Options Assessed
2.3 Approach to Scenarios
2.4 Information Sources
2.5 Stakeholder Engagement
2.6 Establishing a Baseline
2.7 Evaluating Costs and Benefits of Implementation Scenarios
2.7.1 Costs and Benefits to Other Marine Users and Interests
2.7.2 Employment Impacts on Other Marine Users and Interests

3. Baseline
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Commercial Fisheries
3.2.1 North East Region
3.2.2 East Region
3.2.3 South West Region
3.2.4 West Region
3.3 Aquaculture
3.4 Shipping and Ports
3.4.1 North East Region
3.4.2 East Region
3.4.3 South West Region
3.4.4 West Region
3.5 Aviation
3.5.1 North East Region
3.5.2 East Region
3.5.3 South West Region
3.5.4 West Region
3.6 Wave and Tidal Energy Development
3.6.1 Wave Energy Resources
3.6.2 Tidal Stream Energy Resources
3.7 Cables and Pipelines
3.8 Recreational Boating
3.8.1 North East and East Regions
3.8.2 West and South West Regions
3.9 Recreational Angling
3.9.1 North East and East Regions
3.9.2 South West Region
3.9.3 West Region
3.10 Surfing, Windsurfing and Kayaking
3.10.1 North East Region
3.10.2 East Region
3.10.3 South West Region
3.10.4 West Region
3.11 Tourism
3.11.1 North East and East Region
3.11.2 South West Region
3.11.3 West Region
3.12 Social Issues

4. Assessment of Impacts on Other Marine Users and Interests
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Commercial Fisheries
4.2.1 Introduction
4.2.2 Development of Scenarios
4.2.3 Estimated Costs and Benefits
4.3 Aquaculture
4.3.1 Introduction
4.4 Shipping and Ports
4.4.1 Introduction
4.4.2 Development of Scenarios
4.4.3 Potential Benefits to Shipping from Wind Farm Developments
4.4.4 Estimation of Costs and Benefits
4.5 Aviation
4.5.1 Introduction
4.5.2 Development of Scenarios
4.5.3 Estimation of Costs and Benefits
4.6 Wave and Tidal Energy Development
4.6.1 Introduction
4.7 Cables and Pipelines
4.7.1 Introduction
4.8 Recreational Boating
4.8.1 Introduction
4.8.2 Development of Scenarios
4.8.3 Estimation of Costs and Benefits
4.9 Recreational Angling
4.9.1 Introduction
4.9.2 Development of Scenarios
4.9.3 Estimation of Costs and Benefits
4.10 Surfing, Windsurfing and Kayaking
4.10.1 Introduction
4.11 Tourism
4.11.1 Introduction
4.11.2 Development of Scenarios
4.11.3 Estimation of Costs and Benefits
4.12 Social Impacts
4.12.1 Description of Costs and Benefits
4.13 Environmental Impacts
4.13.1 Introduction
4.14 Summary of Impacts to Other Marine Users and Interests

5. Assessment of Costs and Benefits to Other Marine Users
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Assessment of Costs and Benefits to Other Marine Users and Interests
5.3 Assessment of Employment Impacts
5.4 Social Costs and Benefits
5.5 Environmental Costs and Benefits
5.6 Data Gaps, Limitations and Uncertainties
5.6.1 Data Gaps and Limitations of Data
5.6.2 Uncertainties

6. Conclusions

7. References

Appendices

A. Figures (Separate Document)
B. Membership of Project Advisory Group
C. List of Stakeholder Organisations Contacted During the Study
D. Published and Unpublished Reports and Data
E. Spatial Data Layers
F. Initial Stakeholder Contact Letter

Tables

1. Indicative capacity and size of short term OWF options in Scottish Territorial Waters
2. Allocation of expenditure types to industry groups
3. Approach to assessing impacts on other marine users
4. List of key sectors included in baseline
5. The number of active Scottish based vessels in 2009 by district and size
6. Scottish renewable energy generation capacity (17 December 2010)
7. Economic impact of sailing in Scotland
8. Sailing area values and berth numbers
9. Sailing area values and berth numbers for Clyde and the West
10. Estimated regional sea angling activity and expenditure
11. Estimated regional sea angling activity and expenditure
12. Surfing and windsurfing locations in the North East Region
13. Surfing and windsurfing locations in the East Region
14. Surfing and windsurfing locations in the West Region
15. 2009 tourism statistics for Scotland
16. Tourism related statistics in East and North East VisitScotland Regions in 2009*
17. Tourism related employment in East and North East VisitScotland Regions in 2007
18. Tourism related statistics in Southern VisitScotland Regions in 2009*
19. Tourism related employment in Southern VisitScotland Regions in 2007
20. Tourism related statistics in Western VisitScotland Regions in 2009*
21. Tourism related employment in Western VisitScotland Regions in 2007
22. Assumptions for scenarios for fisheries
23. Estimated annual loss of fisheries value as a result of displacement of commercial fisheries for the three scenarios
24. Generic data used in calculating costs for additional steaming time
25. Assumptions for scenarios for commercial shipping
26. Estimated annual costs associated with additional steaming times
27. Assumptions for scenarios for recreational boating
28. Estimated annual costs associated with additional steaming times
29. Assumptions for scenarios for recreational angling
30. Estimated reductions in expenditure on recreational angling
31. Estimated reduction in general expenditure of tourists by area
32. Assumptions for scenarios for tourism
33. Estimated reductions in expenditure on tourism
34. Summary of potential residual environmental effects of short term options
35. Summary of affected sectors and impacts
36. Summary of estimated costs to other marine users (£m per annum undiscounted)
37. Summary of estimated costs to other marine users (£m per annum undiscounted)
38. Summary of estimated costs to other marine users (£m discounted)
39. Employment impacts of the three scenarios on commercial fisheries, recreational angling and tourism sectors
40. Summary of affected sectors and impacts
41. Summary of estimated costs to other marine users (£m discounted)
42. Employment impacts of the three scenarios on commercial fisheries, recreational angling and tourism sectors

Figures

1. Total landings by Scottish based vessels by species type, 2009
2. Value of fish caught in Scotland's sea regions by species, 2009
3. Live weight (tonnes) landed by district (2009)
4. Value landed by district (2009)
5. % Catch by value for in each sea area, 2009
6. Number of fishermen employed on Scottish based vessels (2000-2009)
7. Value of catches for Sea Area: Moray Firth (2005-2009)
8. Value of catches for Sea Area: East Scotland Coast (2005-2009)
9. Value of catches for Sea Area: Fladen (2005-2009)
10. Value of catches for Sea Area: Forth (2005-2009)
11. Value of catches for Sea Area: Forties (2005-2009)
12. Value of catches for Sea Area: Irish Sea (2005-2009)
13. Value of catches for Sea Area: Clyde (2005-2009)
14. Value of catches for Sea Area: Minches and Malin Sea (2005-2009)
15. Tanker arrivals Scottish East-West breakdown by deadweight tonnage ( DWT): 2009
16. Container ship arrivals Scottish East-West breakdown by deadweight tonnage ( DWT): 2009
17. Ro-Ro vessel arrivals Scottish East- West breakdown by deadweight tonnage ( DWT): 2009
18. Dry cargo arrivals Scottish East-West breakdown by deadweight tonnage ( DWT): 2009
19. Type of cargo at main Scottish ports in 2009
20. Propensity to fly
21. Passenger movements through selected Scottish airports: 2009
22. Freight handled through selected Scottish airports: 2009
23. Passenger movements through minor Scottish airports: 2009
24. Income and expenditure breakdown for major airports: 2009
25. Bird watching and wildlife watching
26. Military practice areas and RAF Leuchars in relation to Neart na Gaoithe offshore wind farm