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Youth Violence in Scotland: Literature Review

DescriptionThe review draws on available sources of data from administrative sources (recorded crime, criminal proceedings, school exclusions, referrals to the Children's Hearings System) and from the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey to construct a picture of what is known about youth violence using official data sources.
ISBN978 0755996803
Official Print Publication DateNovember 2010
Website Publication DateNovember 01, 2010

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Alistair Fraser, Michele Burman and Susan Batchelor with Susan McVie
The Scottish Centre for Crime & Justice Research

ISBN 978 0 7559 9680 3 (Web only publication)
DPPAS 10778

This document is also available in pdf format (1.2mb)

CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1 INTRODUCTION
Report Structure
Key Definitions

2 THE ADMINISTRATIVE PICTURE
Police Recorded Crime
Criminal Proceedings
Scottish Crime and Justice Survey ( SCJS)
Referrals to Scottish Children's Reporter Administration ( SCRA)
School Exclusions
Conclusion

3 THE RESEARCH PICTURE
Methodology employed in report
Meanings, Experiences and Perceptions of Violence
Violent offending and violent offenders
Findings on violence from the ESYTC (Susan McVie)

4 INTERVENTIONS AND DESISTANCE
Age, Crime and Risk Responses to Youth Violence
Critiques of the Risk-based Approach
Effective Interventions
Effective Interventions for Young People
Key messages from the desistance literature

5 CONCLUSIONS

6 RECOMMENDATIONS

ANNEX A

BIBLIOGRAPHY

TABLES
Table 1: Recording Procedures for Youth Violence, Selected Statutory Agencies
Table 2: Violent offences committed by boys and girls in the last 12 months
Table 3: Violent offences committed by boys and girls (at any time)
Table 4: Violence perpetrated by girls (at any time)
Table 5: Weapon carrying by number of illegal drugs used
Table 6: Methodologies and locations of Scottish research on youth violence (1990-2010)

FIGURES
Figure 1: Risk Factors identified from life-course and longitudinal research
Figure 2: Ranking of ages 6-11 and ages 12-14/Predictors of violent or serious offending at ages 15-25
Figure 3: What Works, What Doesn't, What's Promising

GRAPHS
Graph 1.1: Recorded assaults in Scotland, 1988-2009
Graph 1.2: Recorded numbers of serious assault and robbery in Scotland, 1988-2008/09
Graph 1.3: Recorded numbers of 'handling of offensive weapons' offences, 1988-2009
Graph 1.4a: Number of accused in homicide cases per million population,1989-2000
Graph 1.4b: Number of accused in homicide cases per million population, 2001/02-2008/09
Graph 2.1: Assault proceedings by gender, selected ages, 1996-2007
Graph 2.2a: Serious assault proceedings by gender, selected ages, 1996-2007
Graph 2.2b: Robbery proceedings by gender, selected ages, 1996-2007
Graph 2.3: Proceedings for 'handling offensive weapons' by gender, selected ages, 1996-2007
Graph 2.4: Homicide proceedings by gender, selected ages, 1996-2007
Graph 3: SCJS trends in violent crime, 1992-2002
Graph 4.1: Number of referrals to SCRA, selected grounds, 2003/04-2008/09
Graph 5: School exclusions for fighting, 1998-2008
Graph 6: Percentage of young people in cohort

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and
do not necessarily represent those of the Department or Scottish Ministers.

This report is available on the Scottish Government Social Research website only
www.scotland.gov.uk/socialresearch.