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The Scottish Health Survey: Volume 1: Main Report

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Table 9.8 Estimated odds ratios for any CVD, 2008, 2009 combined, by associated risk factors and sex

Aged 16 and over
2008/2009 combined

Independent variables

Men

Women

Base (weighted) 6687

Odds Ratio

95% Confidence interval

Base (weighted) 7229

Odds Ratio

95% Confidence interval

Age

(p<0.000)

(p<0.000)

16-24

1002

1

959

1

25-34

1048

1.0

0.5, 1.8

1057

1.0

0.6, 1.6

35-44

1200

1.3

0.7, 2.4

1311

1.5

1.0, 2.3

45-54

1205

2.5

1.4, 4.4

1290

1.8

1.2, 2.8

55-64

1042

5.1

2.9, 8.9

1092

2.7

1.7, 4.0

65-74

714

8.8

5.1, 15.0

832

4.6

3.0, 6.9

75+

475

12.8

7.4, 22.2

757

6.2

4.1, 9.3

Equivalised household income

(p=0.409)

(p=0.012)

1 st (highest)

1430

1

1304

1

2 nd

1265

1.2

0.9, 1.7

1288

0.9

0.6, 1.1

3 rd

1226

1.2

0.9, 1.7

1266

0.9

0.7, 1.2

4 th

1088

1.2

0.9, 1.6

1231

1.1

0.8, 1.4

5 th (lowest)

872

1.4

1.0, 2.0

1191

1.2

0.9, 1.6

Question not answered

805

1.3

0.9, 1.8

1019

0.8

0.6, 1.1

Scottish Index of Multiple deprivation

(p=0.036)

(p=0.160)

5 th (least deprived)

1327

1

1482

1

4 th

1524

1.0

0.8, 1.3

1503

1.1

0.9, 1.4

3 rd

1273

1.2

0.9, 1.5

1372

1.2

0.9, 1.5

2 nd

1369

1.2

0.9, 1.6

1479

1.2

0.9, 1.5

1 st (most deprived)

1193

1.5

1.1, 1.9

1463

1.4

1.1, 1.8

Cigarette smoking status

(p=0.000)

(p=0.002)

Never smoked cigarettes at all a

3104

1

3578

1

Used to smoke cigarettes occasionally

253

0.9

0.6, 1.4

401

1.3

1.0, 1.8

Used to smoke cigarettes regularly

1602

1.5

1.3, 1.8

1526

1.3

1.1, 1.6

Current cigarette smoker

1728

1.2

0.9, 1.5

1795

1.3

1.1, 1.5

Weekly alcohol consumption

(p=0.103)

(p=0.003)

0 units up to weekly limit b

4810

1

5898

1

Over weekly limit (21/14 units)

1877

0.9

0.7, 1.0

1400

0.7

0.6, 0.9

Physical activity level c

(p=0.000)

(p=0.000)

High d

2948

1

2357

1

Medium

1795

0.9

0.7, 1.1

2513

1.2

1.0, 1.4

Low

1943

1.4

1.2, 1.7

2429

1.7

1.4, 2.1

Diabetes (doctor-diagnosed)

(p=0.000)

(p=0.000)

No

6304

1

6985

1

Yes

383

1.8

1.4, 2.4

314

1.9

1.5, 2.5

Total cholesterol

(p=0.000)

(p=0.026)

Less than 5 mmol/l

364

1

335

1

5 mmol/l or more

535

0.3

0.2, 0.5

619

0.6

0.4, 0.9

No cholesterol data available

5788

0.5

0.4, 0.8

6345

0.7

0.5, 0.9

a This category includes 27 men and 35 women who did not answer the question
b This category includes 58 men and 55 women who did not answer the question
c High= 30 minutes or more on at least 5 days a week (this group represents those who meet the current physical activity recommendations); Medium= 30 minutes or more on 1 to 4 days a week; Low= fewer than 30 minutes of moderate or vigorous activity a week
d This category includes 15 men and 13 women who did not answer the question