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The Scottish Health Survey: Volume 1: Main Report

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Table 9.6 Prevalence of risk factors among those with and without CVD, 2008/2009 combined, by age and sex

Aged 16 and over
2008/2009 combined

Risk factors

With CVD

Total

Without CVD

Total

16-44

45-64

65 +

16-44

45-64

65 +

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

Men

Current cigarette smoker

36.2

24.9

15.6

22.2

30.6

25.4

14.1

26.8

Ex-regular cigarette smoker

21.2

38.8

51.9

42.4

12.1

26.3

44.7

20.9

Alcohol >21 units in past week

31.2

27.3

15.7

22.4

29.9

31.7

23.1

29.6

Physically inactive b

14.8

47.8

64.7

50.6

17.7

28.3

50.3

25.3

BMI >= 25 kg/m 2 (overweight or obese)

59.3

84.4

79.1

77.6

56.7

79.2

76.8

66.5

Family has history of CVD

9.4

19.6

17.6

17.0

4.9

15.4

15.6

9.8

Diabetes

2.8

18.2

17.1

15.2

0.8

6.7

11.0

4.0

Whether hypertensive

a

31.2

45.9

33.6

16.9

28.7

49.9

24.8

Cholesterol =5 mmol/l

a

[47.1]

24.3

32.9

48.2

78.6

62.6

60.5

HDL-cholesterol <1.0 mmol/l

a

[31.4]

17.3

19.0

9.5

7.3

4.0

8.1

Highest C-reactive protein

a

[40.5]

38.6

33.0

11.3

24.4

26.0

17.7

NS-SEC: semi-routine and routine occupations

35.9

52.5

52.6

50.0

39.9

40.8

49.2

41.4

Lowest equivalised household income quintile

18.0

21.1

19.2

19.8

14.5

12.1

16.8

14.0

SIMD: most deprived (lowest quintile)

15.4

24.7

20.0

21.0

19.2

15.7

12.9

17.3

SIMD: most deprived (15%)

11.7

18.2

14.6

15.4

14.7

12.4

8.5

13.2

Women

Current cigarette smoker

29.8

33.6

14.7

23.8

28.3

25.5

14.3

24.9

Ex-regular cigarette smoker

14.5

28.3

35.0

28.5

14.0

22.6

30.6

19.8

Alcohol >21 units in past week

19.2

13.8

5.5

11.0

24.8

21.6

8.0

20.8

Physically inactive b

24.8

43.3

72.3

53.1

21.7

28.4

56.6

30.0

BMI >= 25 kg/m 2 (overweight or obese)

52.5

71.9

75.1

68.8

51.4

69.1

69.1

60.2

Family has history of CVD

5.6

22.8

20.0

17.7

6.0

16.3

19.6

11.8

Diabetes

3.7

10.0

13.9

10.5

1.5

3.8

7.3

3.2

Whether hypertensive

[2.6]

34.3

41.9

30.2

5.9

27.5

51.0

20.7

Cholesterol =5 mmol/l

[57.5]

[78.9]

43.5

56.5

44.2

81.3

75.1

62.3

HDL-cholesterol <1.0 mmol/l

[1.7]

[7.5]

1.9

3.3

2.7

1.7

4.6

2.7

Highest C-reactive protein

[5.2]

[37.6]

25.5

22.8

13.4

21.4

26.6

18.4

NS-SEC: semi-routine and routine occupations

32.0

47.4

56.3

48.3

38.4

40.0

48.7

40.7

Lowest equivalised household income quintile

21.7

24.5

29.6

26.1

17.6

14.3

25.5

17.7

SIMD: most deprived (lowest quintile)

21.8

25.9

23.1

23.7

22.2

16.5

17.1

19.4

SIMD: most deprived (15%)

15.2

18.9

16.0

16.8

16.7

12.2

12.2

14.4

Bases (weighted):

All men c (lowest)

All men c (highest)

136

160

318

372

392

482

861

1014

2732

3090

1636

1876

568

707

4955

5673

All men who provided a valid blood pressure reading d

33

62

77

171

476

286

107

869

All men who provided a valid blood sample e

28

46

54

127

360

234

89

683

All women c(lowest)

All women c(highest)

197

231

278

325

369

505

844

1060

2587

3096

1740

2057

845

1085

5179

6238

All women who provided a valid blood pressure reading d

44

46

87

177

465

326

153

944

All women who provided a valid blood sample e

41

36

66

142

359

252

131

742

Bases (unweighted):

All men c (lowest)

All men c (highest)

113

128

319

370

536

664

971

1162

1873

2126

1621

1868

774

971

4299

4965

All men who provided a valid blood pressure reading d

23

65

108

196

302

297

158

757

All men who provided a valid blood sample e

20

46

74

140

237

253

132

622

All women c(lowest)

All women c(highest)

199

232

311

361

446

615

956

1208

2456

2943

2000

2369

1046

1337

5503

6649

All women who provided a valid blood pressure reading d

44

53

104

201

425

392

194

1011

All women who provided a valid blood sample e

35

43

70

148

316

317

155

788

a Data not shown due to small bases

b Physically inactive = fewer than 30 minutes of moderate or vigorous activity a week

c Bases vary: The figures for smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, BMI, family history of CVD, NS-SEC, household income and SIMD are based on all adults participating in the main interview. As bases for each measure vary, the lowest and highest bases are presented here

d Bases vary: The hypertensive figures are based on all adults participating in the nurse visit in 2008 and 2009 combined with valid blood pressure readings

e Bases vary: The cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and C-reactive protein figures are based on all adults participating in the nurse visit in 2008 and 2009 combined with a valid blood sample