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Diabetes Action Plan 2010: Quality Care for Diabetes in Scotland

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GLOSSARY

AHP

Allied Health Professional. A generic term used for dietitians, podiatrists, physiotherapists, etc.

ALISS

Access to Local Information to Support Self Management.

Anticipatory Care

Health programmes which check for the presence of disease. In Scotland this is delivered through the Keep Well programme.

ASSIGN

Calculation tool used to estimate a person's risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

BME

Black and Minority Ethnic.

BP

Blood Pressure.

CARE

Consultation and Relational Empathy. A consultation process measure based on a broad definition of empathy in context of a therapeutic relationship within consultation. Reflects a desire to produce a holistic, patient centred measure that is meaningful to patients irrespective of their social class.

CHD

Coronary Heart Disease. A disease of the heart and coronary arteries caused by the build up of fatty materials in the blood vessels that supply the heart with oxygen.

CHP

Community Healthcare Partnership. Designed to enhance and develop the delivery of integrated health and social care services to their population.

CKD

Chronic Kidney Disease. Also known as Chronic Renal Disease, a progressive loss of renal (kidney) function over a period of months or years.

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Refers to chronic bronchitis and emphysema, a pair of commonly co existing diseases of the lungs in which the airways become narrowed.

COSLA

Convention of Scottish Local Authorities. The representative association of Scottish local government and the employers' association on behalf of all Scottish councils.

CSII

Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion or insulin pump therapy.

CVD

Cardiovascular Disease. The class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels (arteries and veins).

CVR

Cardiovascular Risk. A terms that refers to the factors that contribute to the development of conditions relating to the circulatory system, such as angina, heart attacks and strokes.

DAFNE

Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating. A form of structured education for people with type 1 diabetes.

DCFG

Diabetes Care Focus Group.

DEAG

Diabetes Education Advisory Group.

DENS

Diabetes Education Network Scotland.

DESMOND

Diabetes Education and Self Management for Ongoing and Newly Diagnosed. A form of structured education for people with type 2 diabetes.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis ( DKA)

A life threatening acute complication of diabetes caused by the build up of by products of fat breakdown called ketones. This occurs when glucose is not available as a fuel source for the body so fat is used instead.

DRS

Diabetic Retinal/Retinopathy Screening.

DSN

Diabetes Specialist Nurse. A nurse who is a specialist in the care of people with diabetes.

DVD

Digital Video Disk.

eGFR

Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate. Flow rate of filtered fluid through the kidney estimated by formulas using a blood test result.

Epidemiology

The branch of medicine that deals with the study of the causes, distribution and control of disease in population.

GMS

General Medical Services. The contract under which NHSGPs work.

GP

General Practitioner. A medical practitioner who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventative care and health education for all ages and both sexes. They have particular skills in treating people with multiple health issues.

HbA 1c

Glycosylated Haemoglobin. A test that sums up how well controlled diabetes had been in the previous three to four months.

HBGM

Home Blood Glucose Monitoring. Test carried out by people with diabetes required to self monitor their blood glucose levels in order to adjust their insulin dosage.

HDL

Health Department Letter. Letter issued by the government's Health Department containing guidance designed for Health Boards.

HEAT

Health Improvement, Efficiency, Access, Treatment target. Performance management system which sets out the targets and measures against which NHS Boards are publicly monitored and evaluated.

HTA

Health Technology Assessment. A multi disciplinary field of policy analysis that examines the medical, economic, social and ethical implications of the incremental value, diffusion and use of medical technology in health care.

IGT

Impaired Glucose Tolerance. A state of raised or abnormal blood glucose levels.

LDP

Local Delivery Planning.

LTCAS

Long Term Conditions Alliance Scotland.

MCN

Managed Clinical Network. Linked groups of health professionals and organisations from primary, secondary and tertiary care, working in a coordinated manner unconstrained by existing professional and Health Board boundaries to ensure equitable provision of high quality, clinically effective services.

NDH

Non diabetic Hyperglycaemia. A level of blood glucose that is raised above the normal range, but is not high enough to reach diagnostic levels for diabetes.

NHSNES

NHS Education for Scotland. Responsible for setting professional education standards.

NHS 24

A confidential health advice and information service provided by NHSScotland allowing people to obtain advice if it is not convenient or possible to visit their GP.

NICE

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Responsible for determining standards of care in England. Often used as a benchmark for standards in Scotland.

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

PIDPAD

Psychology in Diabetes, Psychology and Diabetes. Three year project, started in 2009, designed to improve psychological support to people with diabetes in Scotland. The project aims to provide increased psychological support to people with diabetes; integrated care across medical and psychological issues; and, build a skill base in diabetes within the psychology profession.

Primary Care

The activity of the healthcare provider who acts as a first point of consultation for all patients.

NHSQIS

NHS Quality Improvement Scotland. Leads the use of knowledge to promote improvement in the quality of healthcare for the people of Scotland.

QOF

Quality and Outcomes Framework. A system for the performance management and payment of GPs.

RCT

Randomised controlled trial. A type of scientific experiment most commonly used in testing the efficacy or effectiveness of healthcare services or health technologies.

SAS

Scottish Ambulance Service.

SCIDC

Scottish Care Information - Diabetes Collaboration. The diabetes register computer system used throughout Scotland.

SDG

Scottish Diabetes Group. Group who advise the Scottish Government on diabetes related matters.

SDRN

Scottish Diabetes Research Network.

SDRSC

Scottish Diabetes Retinopathy Screening Collaborative.

SDSMG

Scottish Diabetes Survey Monitoring Group.

Secondary Care

A service provided by medical specialists who generally do not have first contact with patients.

SGHD

Scottish Government Health Directorates.

SIGN

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. To improve the quality of all forms of healthcare for patients in Scotland by reducing variation in practice and outcome through development and dissemination of national clinical guidelines containing recommendations for effective practice based on current evidence.

SLWG

Type 1 Diabetes Short Life Working Group.

TIM

Tayside Insulin Management Programme. Provides intensive group education for people with type 1 diabetes to enable them to develop the knowledge and skills to self manage their condition.