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Scottish Planning Policy

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GLOSSARY

Article 4 direction

article 4 of the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (Scotland) Order 1992 gives the Scottish Government and planning authorities the power to remove permitted development rights by issuing a direction

Biodiversity

the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part. This includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems ( UN Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992)

Brownfield land

land which has previously been developed. The term may cover vacant or derelict land, land occupied by redundant or unused building and developed land within the settlement boundary where further intensification of use is considered acceptable

Culvert

a structure with integral sides, soffit and invert, including a pipe that contains a watercourse as it passes through or beneath a road, railway, building, embankment etc. or below ground.

Community

the term community includes individuals and groups, and can be based on location (for example people who live, work or use an area) or common interest (for example the business community, sports or heritage groups).

Effective housing land supply

effective housing land supply is the part of the established housing land supply which is free or expected to be free of development constraints in the period under consideration, and will therefore be available for the construction of housing

Flood

the temporary covering by water from any source of land not normally covered by water, but does not include a flood solely from a sewerage system

Flood prevention measures

works including walls, new channels, embankments and flood water storage areas

Flood risk

the combination of the probability of a flood and of the potential adverse consequences, associated with a flood, for human health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activity

Housing requirement

housing requirement is the total amount and type of housing necessary to accommodate a given or projected population at appropriate minimum standards. This includes both housing need and demand

Open space

open space includes greenspace consisting of any vegetated land or structure, water or geological feature within and on the edges of settlements, including allotments, trees, woodland, paths and civic space consisting of squares, market places and other paved or hard landscaped area with a civic function

Physical activity

incorporates a number of overlapping activities and refers to all types of formal and informal physical recreation, exercise, sports, dance, play, cycling, walking and activities such as gardening

Prime quality agricultural land

prime agricultural land is agricultural land identified as being of Class 1, 2 or 3.1 in the land capability classification for agriculture as developed by the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute

Recreation

includes many types of physical activity as well as passive enjoyment of open spaces and the countryside

Town centre

the term town centre is used to cover city, town and district centres, irrespective of size, that provide a diverse and sustainable mix of activities and land uses which create an identity that signals the function and wider role

Watercourse

all means of conveying water except a water main or sewer (see Flood Prevention (Scotland) Act 1961)