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The Scottish Health Survey 2008

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Table 8.6 Estimated odds ratios for any CVD, by associated risk factors and sex

Aged 16 and over
2008

Independent variables

Men

Women

Base (weighted) 3086

Odds Ratio

95% Confidence interval

Base (weighted) 3372

Odds Ratio

95% Confidence interval

Age

(p<0.001)

(p<0.001)

16-24

464

1

444

1

25-34

481

1.22

0.49, 3.03

486

0.76

0.38, 1.50

35-44

564

1.35

0.57, 3.21

616

1.16

0.62, 2.17

45-54

554

2.01

0.86, 4.68

591

1.69

0.93, 3.08

55-64

480

4.05

1.80, 9.08

503

2.51

1.37, 4.61

65-74

327

6.90

3.09, 15.42

383

4.55

2.50, 8.30

75+

217

9.84

4.39, 22.06

350

5.17

2.89, 9.25

Equivalised household income

(p=0.077)

(p=0.001)

1 st (highest)

656

1

614

1

2 nd

564

1.66

1.04, 2.66

578

0.80

0.51, 1.25

3 rd

593

1.92

1.19, 3.10

596

1.24

0.82,1.88

4 th

426

1.83

1.15, 2.92

545

1.27

0.84,1.93

5 th (lowest)

437

2.14

1.31, 3.52

568

1.34

0.87, 2.08

Question not answered

411

1.96

1.11, 3.46

473

0.74

0.47,1.17

Cigarette smoking status

(p=0.002)

(p=0.040)

Never smoked cigarettes at all a

1403

1

1619

1

Used to smoke cigarettes occasionally

116

0.88

0.44, 1.74

177

1.10

0.69, 1.75

Used to smoke cigarettes regularly

748

1.69

1.28, 2.23

749

1.26

0.99, 1.59

Current cigarette smoker

820

1.31

0.92, 1.86

828

1.46

1.11, 1.92

Diabetes

(p=0.002)

(p=0.002)

No

2925

1

3234

1

Yes

161

1.80

1.24, 2.61

138

1.84

1.24, 2.71

Physical activity levelb

(p=0.060)

(p=0.001)

High c

1385

1

1117

1

Medium

830

0.98

0.70, 1.37

1134

1.48

1.10, 2.00

Low

871

1.35

1.00, 1.80

1121

1.83

1.34,2.49

a This category includes 13 men and 23 women who did not answer the question
b High= 30 minutes or more on at least 5 days a week (this group represents those who meet the current physical activity recommendations); Medium= 30 minutes or more on 1 to 4 days a week; Low= fewer than 30 minutes of moderate or vigorous activity a week
c This category includes 5 men and 8 women who did not answer the question