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Use and Understanding of the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification

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APPENDIX 1 ONLINE QUESTIONNAIRE

Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification

This survey is aimed at all analysts, policy makers and those who influence policy. The survey is being undertaken for the Scottish Government as part of a project to investigate the extent to which you make a distinction between urban and rural areas.

We are particularly interested in the awareness and use of the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification. However, we are also interested in the use of other approaches to classifying the population.

Your views and experiences are extremely valuable to the project and we would appreciate it if you could complete this short questionnaire. It should take you no more than 10 minutes. The findings from the research will help the Scottish Government identify how to better support the use of the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification.

This survey is being undertaken and analysed by George Street Research, an independent research company. George Street Research operates in accordance with the strict code of conduct of the Market Research Society, which ensures confidentiality and preserves the anonymity of individuals and organisations participating in research. The research findings will be reported in aggregate form only and no comments would ever be attributed to you in the reporting.

Please could you also forward this to any colleagues who use any population classifications with a request for them to complete a questionnaire.

This is a secure site operated by George Street Research, 0131 478 7505.

Section A - About You

In order to help us with our analysis, we would be grateful if you could provide the following information.

C1 Do you work for ….

Local Authority

Scottish Government

Agency / NDPB

University / college

Private consultancy

Commercial organisation

Voluntary organisation

NHS Board

Other - Please state

C1a Which Local Authority do you work for?

Aberdeen (City)

Highland

Aberdeenshire

Inverclyde

Angus

Midlothian

Argyll & Bute

Moray

Clackmannanshire

North Ayrshire

Dumfries & Galloway

North Lanarkshire

Dundee (City)

Orkney

East Ayrshire

Perth & Kinross

East Dunbartonshire

Renfrewshire

East Lothian

Scottish Borders

East Renfrewshire

Shetland

Edinburgh (City)

South Ayrshire

Eilean Siar

South Lanarkshire

Falkirk

Stirling

Fife

West Dunbartonshire

Glasgow (City)

West Lothian

C1b Which Scottish Government Directorate do you work for?

Education

Economy

Justice & Communities

Environment

Health

Finance & Corporate Services

C1c Which NHS Board do you work for?

Ayrshire & Arran

Borders

Dumfries & Galloway

Fife

Forth Valley

Grampian

Greater Glasgow

Highland

Lanarkshire

Lothian

Orkney

Shetland

Tayside

Western Isles

OTHER NHS

C2 Would you describe yourself as …

  • Policy maker / policy influencer (who uses data provided by analysts and researchers in the development and/or evaluation of policy)
  • Analyst (ie user / handler of data sets)
  • Researcher
  • Other

C2a Other - Please state

For the remainder of the questionnaire:

Questions beginning P only - answered by policy respondents
Questions beginning A only - answered by analysts, researchers and others
Questions beginning PA - answered by all respondents

Section B - Distinguishing between urban and rural areas

PA1a In your work, do you make a distinction between urban and rural areas?
Yes
No

PA1b What are your reasons for not making a distinction between urban and rural areas in your work?

The Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification defines settlements of 3,000 or less people to be rural.

It also classifies areas as remote or accessible based on drive times from settlements of 10,000 or more people.

It includes the following categories:

1 : Large Urban Areas
Settlements of over 125,000 people.

2 : Other Urban Areas
Settlements of 10,000 to 125,000 people.

3 : Accessible Small Towns
Settlements of between 3,000 and 10,000 people and within 30 minutes drive of a settlement of 10,000 or more.

4 : Remote Small Towns
Settlements of between 3,000 and 10,000 people and with a drive time of over 30 minutes to a settlement of 10,000 or more.

5 : Accessible Rural
Settlements of less than 3,000 people and within 30 minutes drive of a settlement of 10,000 or more.

6 : Remote Rural
Settlements of less than 3,000 people and with a drive time of over 30 minutes to a settlement of 10,000 or more.

Further information can be found Here (web link)

This link is also available on the thank you screen at the end of this survey.

PA4 Prior to reading the above, were you aware that the Scottish Government has an Urban Rural Classification?
Yes
No

PA5 Do you use the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification?
Yes
No

PA6 What are your reasons for not using the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification?

A7 The Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification is updated every two years. Do you use each update of the classification as it becomes available?
Yes
No
Don't know

A8 In August 2008 the Scottish Government produced an updated Urban Rural Classification. Are you using this updated version?
Yes
No
Don't know

A8 Why are you not using this updated version?

  • We do not have an updated version
  • It is not appropriate for the data we use
  • Other

A9 When a new version of the classification is published, are you automatically sent this update, or do you specifically request an update?

  • Automatically sent update
  • Request update yourself
  • I use the online version
  • Don't know

A10 Why do you use the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification? Please tick all that apply

  • As a standard variable in analysis
  • For statistical publications
  • Requested by colleagues in policy development
  • To define eligibility for funding
  • To help with monitoring of single outcome agreements
  • Academic analysis
  • Other

A10a Other - please state

P10 Why do you use the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification in your work? Please tick all that apply

  • For statistical publications
  • Policy development
  • For Ministerial / Political speeches, debates or briefings
  • To determine eligibility for funding (e.g. for rural communities)
  • To assist with single outcome agreements
  • Other

P10a Other - please state

PA11 And in what topic areas is this classification used? Please tick all that apply

  • Communities / Population change
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Economy/Economic development
  • Planning
  • Business
  • Housing
  • Employment
  • Justice
  • Education and Lifelong Learning
  • Environment
  • Culture
  • Transport
  • Tourism
  • Other

PA11a Other - please state

A12 What are the benefits of using the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification? Please tick all that apply

  • It fits with what is required by policy colleagues
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Easy to work with
  • Available at postcode level
  • Other

A12a Other - please state

P12 What are the benefits of using the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification? Please tick all that apply

  • Fits with policy requirements
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Provides uniformity when allocating funding
  • Easy to work with
  • Other

P12a Other - please state

PA13 And what are the limitations/complications in using this classification?

PA14 How regularly on average do you use the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

A15 Which of the Scottish Urban Rural Classifications' breakdowns do you use?

Please tick all that apply

  • 8-fold classification (large urban areas, other urban areas, accessible small towns, remote small towns, accessible rural, remote rural, very remote small towns, very remote rural)
  • 6-fold classification (large urban areas, other urban areas, accessible small towns, remote small towns, accessible rural, remote rural)
  • 3-fold classification (remote rural, accessible rural, rest of Scotland)
  • 2-fold classification (urban, rural)

A16 Which geography do you select when using the Urban Rural Classification?

  • Please tick all that apply
  • Postcode
  • Data zone
  • Output area
  • Other

A16a Other - please state

A17 With what type of dataset do you use the Urban Rural Classification?

Please tick all that apply

  • Administrative data
  • Survey data
  • Secondary data
  • Official or National Statistics Source
  • Other source type

A17a Other source type - please state

A18 Please use the space below to name the specific data sources to which you apply the Urban Rural Classification

PA19 Below are a number of statements that have been made by users of the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification specifically.

Please could you tick one box for each statement to indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with that statement?

(Agree strongly Tend to agree Tend to disagree Disagree strongly Don't know / Not applicable)

  • There are other forms of classification available that are more appropriate
  • I prefer to use other classifications that sit within Local Authority boundaries
  • There are limitations in using the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification to assess change over time
  • I would like to use the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification more for policy development
  • I have access to all the information / associated guidance on the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification that I need
  • The information / associated guidance I have access to on the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification is clear and easy to understand

PA19x Please use the space below if you wish to comment on any of the above statements

Section C - Use of other classifications

PA20 Which of the following geographical classifications for describing the population, if any, are you aware of? Please tick all that apply

  • Acorn or MOSAIC
  • DEFRA (Rural and Urban Area Classification)
  • PAF (Postcode Address File)
  • Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation
  • Randall Definition (Local Authority urban rural definition)
  • Other
  • Don't know
  • Not aware of any

PA20a Other classification(s) aware of

PA20x And which of these, if any, do you ever use? Please tick all those that you use.

  • Acorn or MOSAIC
  • DEFRA (Rural and Urban Area Classification)
  • PAF (Postcode Address File)
  • Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation
  • Randall Definition (Local Authority urban rural definition)
  • Other
  • I'm not sure what we use

PA20x Other classification(s) aware of

PA20 And which one of these do you use most often? Please tick ONE.

  • Acorn or MOSAIC
  • DEFRA (Rural and Urban Area Classification)
  • PAF (Postcode Address File)
  • Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation
  • Randall Definition (Local Authority urban rural definition)
  • Other

PA20b Other classification used

A21 Why do you use Acorn or MOSAIC Classification in your work?

  • As a standard variable in analysis
  • For statistical publications
  • Requested by colleagues in policy development
  • To define eligibility for funding
  • To help with monitoring of single outcome agreements
  • Academic analysis
  • Other

A21a Other reason

A21 Why do you use DEFRA Classification in your work?

  • As a standard variable in analysis
  • For statistical publications
  • Requested by colleagues in policy development
  • To define eligibility for funding
  • To help with monitoring of single outcome agreements
  • Academic analysis
  • Other

A21b Other reason

A21 Why do you use PAF Classification in your work?

  • As a standard variable in analysis
  • For statistical publications
  • Requested by colleagues in policy development
  • To define eligibility for funding
  • To help with monitoring of single outcome agreements
  • Academic analysis
  • Other

A21c Other reason

A21 Why do you use Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation Classification in your work?

  • As a standard variable in analysis
  • For statistical publications
  • Requested by colleagues in policy development
  • To define eligibility for funding
  • To help with monitoring of single outcome agreements
  • Academic analysis
  • Other

A21d Other reason

A21 Why do you use Randall Definition Classification in your work?

  • As a standard variable in analysis
  • For statistical publications
  • Requested by colleagues in policy development
  • To define eligibility for funding
  • To help with monitoring of single outcome agreements
  • Academic analysis
  • Other

A21e Other reason

A21 Why do you use an other Classification in your work?

  • As a standard variable in analysis
  • For statistical publications
  • Requested by colleagues in policy development
  • To define eligibility for funding
  • To help with monitoring of single outcome agreements
  • Academic analysis
  • Other

A21f Other reason

P21 Why do you use Acorn or MOSAIC Classification in your work?

  • For statistical publications
  • Policy development
  • For Ministerial / Political speeches, debates or briefings
  • To determine eligibility for funding (e.g. for rural communities)
  • To assist with single outcome agreements
  • Other

P21a Other reason

P21 Why do you use DEFRA Classification in your work?

  • For statistical publications
  • Policy development
  • For Ministerial / Political speeches, debates or briefings
  • To determine eligibility for funding (e.g. for rural communities)
  • To assist with single outcome agreements
  • Other

P21b Other reason

P21 Why do you use PAF Classification in your work?

  • For statistical publications
  • Policy development
  • For Ministerial / Political speeches, debates or briefings
  • To determine eligibility for funding (e.g. for rural communities)
  • To assist with single outcome agreements
  • Other

P21c Other reason

P21 Why do you use Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation Classification in your work?

  • For statistical publications
  • Policy development
  • For Ministerial / Political speeches, debates or briefings
  • To determine eligibility for funding (e.g. for rural communities)
  • To assist with single outcome agreements
  • Other

P21d Other reason

P21 Why do you use Randall Definition Classification in your work?

  • For statistical publications
  • Policy development
  • For Ministerial / Political speeches, debates or briefings
  • To determine eligibility for funding (e.g. for rural communities)
  • To assist with single outcome agreements
  • Other

P21e Other reason

P21 Why do you use an other Classification in your work?

  • For statistical publications
  • Policy development
  • For Ministerial / Political speeches, debates or briefings
  • To determine eligibility for funding (e.g. for rural communities)
  • To assist with single outcome agreements
  • Other

P21f Other reason

PA22 And in what topic areas is Acorn or MOSAIC classification used?

  • Communities / Population change
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Economy/Economic development
  • Planning
  • Business
  • Housing
  • Employment
  • Justice
  • Education and Lifelong Learning
  • Environment
  • Culture
  • Transport
  • Tourism
  • Other

P22a Other reason

PA22 And in what topic areas is DEFRA classification used?

  • Communities / Population change
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Economy/Economic development
  • Planning
  • Business
  • Housing
  • Employment
  • Justice
  • Education and Lifelong Learning
  • Environment
  • Culture
  • Transport
  • Tourism
  • Other

P22b Other reason

PA22 And in what topic areas is PAF classification used?

  • Communities / Population change
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Economy/Economic development
  • Planning
  • Business
  • Housing
  • Employment
  • Justice
  • Education and Lifelong Learning
  • Environment
  • Culture
  • Transport
  • Tourism
  • Other

P22c Other reason

PA22 And in what topic areas is Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation classification used?

  • Communities / Population change
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Economy/Economic development
  • Planning
  • Business
  • Housing
  • Employment
  • Justice
  • Education and Lifelong Learning
  • Environment
  • Culture
  • Transport
  • Tourism
  • Other

P22d Other reason

PA22 And in what topic areas is Randall Definition classification used?

  • Communities / Population change
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Economy/Economic development
  • Planning
  • Business
  • Housing
  • Employment
  • Justice
  • Education and Lifelong Learning
  • Environment
  • Culture
  • Transport
  • Tourism
  • Other

P22e Other reason

PA22 And in what topic areas is an other classification used?

  • Communities / Population change
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Economy/Economic development
  • Planning
  • Business
  • Housing
  • Employment
  • Justice
  • Education and Lifelong Learning
  • Environment
  • Culture
  • Transport
  • Tourism
  • Other

P22f Other reason

A23 What are the benefits of using Acorn or MOSAIC classification?

  • It fits with what is required by policy colleagues
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Easy to work with
  • Available at a postcode level
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

A23a Other reason

A23 What are the benefits of using DEFRA classification?

It fits with what is required by policy colleagues

  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Easy to work with
  • Available at a postcode level
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

A23b Other reason

A23 What are the benefits of using PAF classification?

  • It fits with what is required by policy colleagues
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Easy to work with
  • Available at a postcode level
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

A23c Other reason

A23 What are the benefits of using Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation classification?

  • It fits with what is required by policy colleagues
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Easy to work with
  • Available at a postcode level
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

A23d Other reason

A23 What are the benefits of using Randall Definition classification?

  • It fits with what is required by policy colleagues
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Easy to work with
  • Available at a postcode level
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

A23e Other reason

A23 What are the benefits of using an other classification?

  • It fits with what is required by policy colleagues
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Easy to work with
  • Available at a postcode level
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

A23f Other reason

P23 What are the benefits of using Acorn or MOSAIC classification?

  • Fits with policy requirements
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Provides uniformity when allocating funding
  • Easy to work with
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

P23a Other reason

P23 What are the benefits of using DEFRA classification?

  • Fits with policy requirements
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Provides uniformity when allocating funding
  • Easy to work with
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

P23b Other reason

P23 What are the benefits of using PAF classification?

  • Fits with policy requirements
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Provides uniformity when allocating funding
  • Easy to work with
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

P23c Other reason

P23 What are the benefits of using Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation classification?

  • Fits with policy requirements
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Provides uniformity when allocating funding
  • Easy to work with
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

P23d Other reason

P23 What are the benefits of using Randall Definition classification?

  • Fits with policy requirements
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Provides uniformity when allocating funding
  • Easy to work with
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

P23e Other reason

P23 What are the benefits of using an other classification?

  • Fits with policy requirements
  • Allows comparisons to be made across urban/ rural areas throughout Scotland
  • An officially recognised classification that fits with other Scottish Government datasets
  • Provides uniformity when allocating funding
  • Easy to work with
  • Rigorous and transparent definition
  • Works well with any form of geographic information system
  • More appropriate than other classifications for rural areas
  • Other

P23f Other reason

PA24a And what are the limitations/complications of using Acorn or MOSAIC classification?

PA24b And what are the limitations/complications of using DEFRA classification?

PA24c And what are the limitations/complications of using PAF classification?

PA24d And what are the limitations/complications of using Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation classification?

PA24e And what are the limitations/complications of using Randall Definition classification?

PA24f And what are the limitations/complications of using an other classification?

A25 How regularly on average do you use Acorn or MOSAIC classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

A25 How regularly on average do you use DEFRA classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

A25 How regularly on average do you use PAF classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

A25 How regularly on average do you use Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

A25 How regularly on average do you use Randall Definition classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

A25 How regularly on average do you use an other classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

P25 How regularly on average do you use data provided to you by analysts or researchers using Acorn or MOSAIC classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

P25 How regularly on average do you use data provided to you by analysts or researchers using DEFRA classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

P25 How regularly on average do you use data provided to you by analysts or researchers using PAF classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

P25 How regularly on average do you use data provided to you by analysts or researchers using Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

P25 How regularly on average do you use data provided to you by analysts or researchers using Randall Definition classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

P25 How regularly on average do you use data provided to you by analysts or researchers using an other classification?

  • Every month or more frequently
  • Less than once a month - Quarterly
  • 1 - 3 times a year
  • Less than once a year

Section D - Multi Use of classifications

A26 Do you conduct cross-border or UK-wide analysis that involves using different Urban Rural Classifications?
Yes
No

A27 What issues, if any, do you have with using more than one Urban Rural Classification for cross-border or UK-wide analysis?

A28 Following on from the last example, are there any other instances you can think of when you use different classifications in conjunction with the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification or for different purposes?

For example, do you use the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification along with one of the following:

  • Acorn / MOSAIC
  • DEFRA (Rural and Urban Area Classification)
  • PAF (Postcode Address File)
  • Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation
  • Randall Definition
  • etc

Yes, in conjunction
Yes, for different purposes
No

A29 Please identify in the space below what classifications you use in conjunction with each other or for different purposes?

A30 And please use the space below to indicate your reasons for choosing to use these classifications in conjunction with each other.

Section E - Future Use of Classifications

PA31 Are you aware of any work you will be doing in the future that will require an urban rural distinction to be made?
Yes
No

PA31 Now that you know more about the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification, do you think you will start to or continue to use it?
Yes
No

PA31c Why do you think that you will not be using the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification in the future?

P32 Would it be helpful to you if analysts in your organisation provided you with more information on different classification systems that are available?
Yes
No

PA33 Please use the space below to add any other comments you wish to make about use of the Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification, or to expand on any of the answers you have given.

It Is possible that we will be conducting a further stage of research where we would like to talk to a small number of people in greater depth about their use of the Urban Rural Classification. If you are willing to take part in this, please complete the details below

Name

Organisation

Telephone Number

Email address

Thank you for taking the time to complete this questionnaire.

Please could you also forward this to any colleagues (including those within policy) who are using any type of population classification with a request for them to complete a questionnaire.