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Poverty and Income Inequality: A review of the evidence

DescriptionA summary of the evidence relating to Poverty and Income inequality, and the drivers of these
ISBN
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateJuly 06, 2009

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ISBN 978 0 7559 9054 2 (Web only publication)

This document is also available in pdf format (560k)

Contents

Introduction

Facts, figures and trends for poverty and income inequality in Scotland

Key Drivers
Low pay and 'in-work poverty'
Characteristics of low-paid employees
Geographic distribution of low paid employees
Qualifications, Skills, and Training
Caring Responsibilities
Benefit Traps
Longer Term Drivers - Breaking the Cycle
Inequality in terms of attainment and aspirations of young people
Health Inequalities
Discrimination and Bias
Stigma of poverty
Housing

Key evidence gaps

Figure and Table Numbers

Figure 1: Proportion of Scottish population living in relative poverty 2006/07
Figure 2: All individuals living in absolute and relative poverty before and after housing costs
Figure 3: Child poverty in Scotland 1998/99 - 2006/07
Figure 4: Gini coefficient in Scotland and GB, 1997-2006/07 with 95% confidence intervals
Figure 5: Percentage of total income received by each income decile - Scotland 1994/95 - 2006/07
Figure 6: Family types in each income decile - Scotland 2006/07
Figure 7: Employment rates in the 4 countries of the UK, Q1 1998 - Q4 2008
Figure 8: Percentage employees receiving low pay by gender, Scotland 2007.
Figure 9: Percentage full-time employees receiving low pay by gender, Scotland 2007
Figure 10: Percentage part-time employees receiving low pay by gender, Scotland 2007
Figure 11: Low paid employees, as a percentage of all employees, by gender and working pattern, Scotland 1998-2007
Figure 12: Risk of low pay by age, Scotland 2007
Figure 13: % Employees low paid by local authority; 2007
Figure 14: Impact of qualifications on pay, Scottish working age population earning less than £7 per hour, 2006
Figure 15: Sources of family income in Scotland - 2006/07
Figure 16: Estimated stock of dwellings by tenure in Scotland 1984 to 2008
Figure 17: Economic activity - social housing tenants diverging from the mainstream
Figure 18: Household type by tenure
Figure 19: Dispersion of social rented sector by area deprivation
Figure 20: Fuel poverty Scotland: 1996 - 2005/06

Table 1: Number and percentage of people in disabled households living in relative poverty before housing costs,
Table 2: Religion and Income 2003-2006.