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The Scottish Soil Framework



1 Towers, W. Grieve, I.C. Hudson, G. Campbell, C.D. Lilly, A. Davidson, D.A. Bacon, J.R. Langan S.J. and Hopkins D.W. (2006) Scotland's Soil Resource - Current State And Threats, Environmental Research Report 2006/01, Scottish Executive, Edinburgh. ISBN 0 7559 6260 5, http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/09/21115639/0

2 European Commission (2002) Towards a thematic Strategy for Soil Protection - COM(2002) 179 final, 16.4.2002 (Brussels)

3 European Commission (2006a) - Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection Communication ( COM(2006) 231)

4 European Commission (2006b) - Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the protection of soil and amending Directive 2004/35/ EC. Directive ( COM(2006) 232)

5 Blum W.E.H. (1993): Soil Protection concept of the Council of Europe and Integrated Soil Research. In: Eijsackers, H.J.P. and Hamers, T., Soil and Environment Vol. I. Integrated soil and sediment research: a basis for proper protection. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publisher, 37-47.

6 MEA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment) 2005. Ecosystems and human well-being synthesis. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

7 Milne, R. and Brown, T.A., (1997) Carbon in the vegetation and Soils in Great Britain. Journal of Envrionmental Management , 49, 413-433.

8 Bradley, R.I., Milne,R., Bell J., Lilly, A., Jordan C. and Higgins, A. (2005) A soil carbon and land use database for the United Kingdom. Soil Use and Management, 21, 4, 363-369.

9 Towers W., Malcolm, A & Bruneau PMC (2005) Assessing the nature conservation value of soil and its relationship with designated features, SNH commissioned research report 111.

10 Towers, W., Bradley R.I., Mayr, T., Feeney, I. & Bruneau P.M.C. (2008). Nature conservation value of soils: bringing functionality into practice. SNH commissioned research report 281.

11 Wright I.A., R V Birnie, R.V., Malcolm, A., Towers, W. and McKeen M. (2006) The Potential Use of the Land Capability for Agriculture Classification for Determining Support to Disadvantaged Areas of Scotland http://www.macaulay.ac.uk/publications/LFAreport.pdf.

12 SEPA (2006) State of Scotland's Environment Report, http://www.sepa.org.uk/changetomorrowtoday/report/index.html

13 Hulme M, Jenkins GJ, Lu X et al.. (2002) Climate change scenarios for the United Kingdom: The UKCIP02 Scientific Report, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK, 120pp.

14 SNIFFER, (2006) Climate Change Trends www.sniffer.org.uk/climatehandbook/

15 Scottish Government (2008) Consultation on proposals for a Scottish Climate Change Bill - web publication - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/01/28100005/0

16 Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry ( LULUCF) - http://unfccc.int/methods_and_science/lulucf/items/1084.php

17 IPCC, 2000 - Robert T. Watson, Ian R. Noble, Bert Bolin, N. H. Ravindranath, David J. Verardo and David J. Dokken IPCC Special Report on Land Use, Land-Use Change And Forestry (Eds.) Cambridge University Press, UK. pp 375

18 Scottish Executive (2006b) - Changing our ways; Scotland's climate change programme. Edinburgh, Scottish Executive.

19 Scottish Executive (2006) Review of Greenhouse Gas Life Cycle Emissions, Air Pollution Impacts and Economics of Biomass Production and Consumption in Scotland. Web publication. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/09/22094104/0

20 Scottish Executive (2005) - Prevention of Environmental Pollution from Agricultural Activity, http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/37428/0014235.pdf

21 SAC (2004a) - The 4 Point Plan. 2nd edition. Web publication - http://www.sac.ac.uk/mainrep/pdfs/fourpointplan.pdf

22 SAC (2004b) - The Farm Soils Plan -web publication. http://www.sac.ac.uk/mainrep/pdfs/farmsoilsplandec.pdf

23 Forestry Commission (2004) THE UK FORESTRY STANDARD, The Government's Approach to Sustainable Forestry. Web publication . http://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/fcfc001.pdf/$FILE/fcfc001.pdf

24 Scottish Executive (2004) - Scotland's Biodiversity: It's in Your Hands - A strategy for the conservation and enhancement of biodiversity in Scotland http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/05/19366/37239

25 Scottish Executive (2006c) - Strategic Environmental Assessment Tool Kit - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/09/13104943/0

26 Scottish Executive (2006b) - Changing our ways; Scotland's climate change programme. Edinburgh, Scottish Executive.

Photo & Illustration Sources

Cover page

Top from left to right

  • Humus Iron Podzol @ MLURI
  • @Noel Fojut/ HS
  • @ Noel Fojut/ HS
  • Scottish Borders @P&A MacDonald/ SNH
  • Dundee Law @P&A MacDonald/ SNH


  • The soil of Scotland @Macaulay Institute

Page 5

  • Humus Iron Podzol @ MLURI

Page 11

  • Machair, Barvas, Isle of Lewis @ Lorne Gill/ SNH

Page 15

  • Dundee Law @ P&A Macdonald/ SNH

Page 17

  • Arable farming at Carghill Pertshire @Lorne Gill/ SNH
  • The Flow country @Steve Moore/ SNH

Page 18

  • Argyll sunset @George Logan/ SNH
  • Flanders Moss NNR @Patricia Bruneau/ SNH
  • Whithorn @ RCAHMS per Noel Fojut/ HS
  • Opencast coal mining Muirkirk @P&A MacDonald/ SNH

Page 21

  • Machair, Barvas, Isle of Lewis @ Lorne Gill/ SNH

Page 25

  • A9 Land slide @ BBC

Page 30

  • Upland blanket bog in the Grampian mountains @ Lorne Gill/ SNH

Page 37

  • Wetland and arable fields in the Scottish Borders @ P&A Macdonald/ SNH

Page 40

  • Brown earth soil @ Macaulay Institute