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Growing Up in Scotland: Multiple Childcare Provision and its Effect on Child Outcomes

DescriptionThis report uses data from the first three waves of the Growing Up in Scotland study (GUS) to explore families’ experiences of using childcare for children under the age of 5 years old.
ISBN9780755919703
Official Print Publication DateMarch 2009
Website Publication DateMarch 18, 2009

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Paul Bradshaw* and Fran Wasoff^

*Scottish Centre for Social Research
^Centre for Research on Families and Relationships

Prepared for the Scottish Government: Children, Young People and Social Care Directorate by the Scottish Centre for Social Research

ISBN 978 0 7559 1971 0 (Web only publication)

This document is also available in pdf format (1.6Mb)
This research findings is also accompanied by five reports & research findings,
Report 1, Non resident Parent Report, Research findings 1/2009,
Report 2, Food Activity Report, Research findings 2/2009,
Report 3, The neighbourhood context Report, Research findings 3/2009
Research Findings 4/2009,
Report 5, The impact of children's early activities on cognitive development Report, Research Findings 5/2009

Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1 INTRODUCTION

2 PREVALENCE OF CHILDCARE
2.1 Key findings
2.2 Use of any form of childcare
2.3 Number of different providers used
2.4 Characteristics of those who use multiple provision
2.4.1 Family type
2.4.2 Maternal employment
2.4.3 Household employment and family type
2.4.4 Household income
2.4.5 Socio-economic classification ( NS-SEC)
2.5 Use of multiple provision over time
2.5.1 Age 34 months compared with age 10 months
2.5.2 Number of providers at each sweep

3 CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILDCARE PROVISION
3.1 Key findings
3.2 Number of hours and days
3.3 Types of provision
3.3.1 Use of formal and informal childcare
3.3.2 Use of different provider types
3.4 Time spent in different provider types
3.5 Cost of childcare
3.6 Ease of arranging, satisfaction with provision, preferences and choice
3.7 Parental views on work-life balance

4 EFFECTS OF MULTIPLE CHILDCARE USE ON CHILD OUTCOMES
4.1 Key findings
4.2 Cognitive development
4.2.1 Mean scores by use of childcare
4.2.2 Mean scores by number of childcare providers
4.2.3 Mean scores by mix of childcare provision
4.2.4 Mean scores by total hours of childcare per week
4.2.5 Examining the independent effect of childcare fragmentation on early cognitive development
4.3 Social, emotional and behavioural development
4.3.1 Mean scores by use of childcare
4.3.2 Mean scores by number of childcare providers
4.3.3 Mean scores by mix of childcare provision
4.3.4 Mean scores by total hours of childcare per week
4.3.5 Examining the association of multiple childcare provision on social and behavioural outcomes

5 CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A: REGRESSION TABLES