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The Educational Attainment of Looked After Children - Local Authority Pilot Projects: Final Research Report



  1. Note: It was not possible to carry out this final interview for the Glasgow pilot, due to sickness absence of key staff.
  2. In 2006-07, 9% of children became looked after under CSA 1995 Section 25 (voluntary) provisions. See: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/204913/0054519.pdf
  3. Further information about the Children's Hearings system is available online at: http://www.childrens-hearings.co.uk
  4. For briefing paper, see: http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/business/research/briefings-08/SB08-03.pdf
  5. For more details, see: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/27100107/0
  6. The web site of the Commissioner is at: http://www.sccyp.org.uk
  7. GIRFEC publications: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/People/Young-People/childrensservices/girfec/publications/Q/editmode/on/forceupdate/on
  8. National Care Standards: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Health/care/17652/9328
  9. One of the actions specified the development of a web site to provide information, facilitate the transfer of knowledge about good practice and to act as a forum for practitioners. The web site is now active at: http://www.ltscotland.org.uk/lookedafterchildren/index.asp.
  10. See: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/27100107/0
  11. This project has been evaluated separately by SIRCC. At the time of writing, the final report was not published. For more information contact irene.c.stevens@strath.ac.uk
  12. See Kumon website for more information: http://www.kumon.co.uk
  13. Bryson & Dick (2008) Educational Psychology Service, Renfrewshire: http://www.refrewshire.gov.uk/edpsych
  14. In National Qualifications, a course is made up of three units. Units are recorded individually so that a candidate who does not achieve an entire course may gain credit for the component units. For information about the structure of awards, refer to the National Qualifications area of the SQA website at: http://www.sqa.org.uk/sqa/3.html
  15. In this section of the report we have used the term 'young people' to refer to all ages in place of the more accurate form 'children and young people' for convenience.
  16. Age quoted is the age at baseline, i.e. in 2005-06.
  17. Percentages have been rounded to the nearest whole number and therefore they may not add up to 100%.
  18. Care category quoted here relates to data for 2006-07.
  19. Percentages have been rounded to nearest whole number and therefore may not add up to 100%.
  20. Children recorded as being in 'kinship care' are considered to be looked after away from home. As this number is small, for later analysis they have been combined with 'foster care'.
  21. One young person was recorded as being in more than one care setting; three were no longer looked after, but continued in the programme. Glasgow included 24 young people not 'looked after' but who were considered to be at risk and had therefore been included in the activities. West Lothian similarly included 30 children not technically 'looked after'.
  22. See Children Looked After Statistics 2006-07 at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/27100107/0
  23. Scottish Government (2007) Attendance and Absence in Scottish Schools 2006-07: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/12/11160723/0
  24. Scottish Government (2008) Exclusions from schools 2006/07: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/01/28122247/0
  25. Scottish Government (2008) Exclusions from schools 2006/07: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/01/28122247/0
  26. Information about the Scottish education curriculum can be found on the Learning and Teaching Scotland web site at http://www.ltscotland.org.uk. At the time of writing a new Curriculum for Excellence encompassing ages 5-18 was due for implementation.
  27. For example, in mathematics at any level there are two units, each addressing four attainment outcomes (information handling; number, money and measurement; shape, position and movement; and problem-solving). A pupil who answers correctly two-thirds or more of the questions in each unit is regarded as being 'secure' at that level.
  28. For information about the structure of awards, refer to the National Qualifications area of the SQA website at: http://www.sqa.org.uk/sqa/3.html
  29. Twenty eight of the young people were in S3, on programmes leading to mainly Access courses and units, and 26 young people were in S4 or beyond who might be expected to have gained awards of some kind, but for whom none were reported. Another 60 had gained awards but details could not be provided. There were 31 young people of an age to have gained awards, but whose data were missing; they have been excluded from the analysis.
  30. For more information see: http://www.hmie.gov.uk/ise/hmieise-49.html
  31. Source: http://www.openscotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/03/14134538/14
  32. CLASS (Community Learning and Support Services) EVIP (Enhanced Vocational Inclusion Programme)
  33. For an account of multiple regression see: http://www.statsoft.com/textbook/stmul/reg.html
  34. http://www.ltscotland.org.uk/lookedafterchildren
  35. Evaluation reports for both years of the pilot are available on the Renfrewshire Council Educational Psychology Service website at: www.renfrewshire.gov.uk/edpsych
  36. The rate is expressed as a ratio of the number of exclusions per thousand pupils, and since a pupil may be excluded on more than one occasion, it is possible for the numerator to be larger than the denominator.
  37. The ages used in the tables are those provided at baseline. In reality, all the young people whose results are shown for year 2006-7 would have been approximately one year older.
  38. Source: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/10/20121/45478