10 Glossary and Abbreviations for Useful Terms
Carbon dioxide (CO 2)
A chemical compound which exists as a gas in the Earth's atmosphere. It is produced by all animals, plants, fungi and micro-organisms during respiration and is used by plants during photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide is also an important greenhouse gas.
Carbon Reduction Commitment ( CRC)
The Carbon Reduction Commitment is a scheme, announced in the UK Government's Energy White Paper 2007 which will apply mandatory emissions trading to cut carbon emissions from large commercial and public sector organisations (including supermarkets, hotel chains, government departments, large local authority buildings) by 1.1 MtC/year by 2020.
Climate Change Declaration
Scotland's Climate Change Declaration acknowledges the reality and importance of climate change and is a means of demonstrating local leadership and commitment to action: all of Scotland's 32 local authorities are signatories. The Declaration includes commitments both to mitigate our impact on climate change through reducing greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to predicted climate change impacts.
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs ( DEFRA)
DEFRA is a UK Government Department with the aim to enable everyone in the UK to live within our environmental means. This includes tackling climate change and securing a healthy, resilient, productive and diverse natural environment.
Greenhouse Gas Inventories
The UK Government's Greenhouse Gas Inventory is the means by which the UK's progress towards achieving these targets is assessed by international bodies, as well as providing the formal reporting system for EU and UN reporting requirements.
Office of Fair Trading
The Office of Fair Trading is a non-Ministerial government department established by statute in 1973. They are the UK's consumer and competition authority who are charged with making markets work well for consumers.
Strategic Environmental Assessment ( SEA)
SEA is a systematic assessment (required by the Environmental Assessment (Scotland) Act 2005) of the environmental affects of strategic land use related plans, programs and strategies.
UK Climate Impacts Programme ( UKCIP)
UKCIP is funded by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs on behalf of the UK Government, Scottish Government, Welsh Assembly Government and Northern Ireland Executive. In addition to research, UKCIP provides tools and datasets to support organisations and the public in understanding and adapting to the unavoidable changes in climate.