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Restorative Practices in Three Scottish Councils: Final Report of the Evaluation of the First Two Years of the Pilot Projects 2004-2006

DescriptionFull report of evaluation of restorative practices in 3 Scottish councils.
ISBN978 0 7559 1570
Official Print Publication DateAugust 2007
Website Publication DateAugust 28, 2007

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Jean Kane, University of Glasgow
Gwynedd Lloyd, Gillean McCluskey, Sheila Riddell, Joan Stead and Elisabet Weedon, University of Edinburgh
With additional contributions from Roseann Maguire and Richard Hendry
ISBN 978 0 7559 1570 5 (Web only publication)
This document is also available in pdf format (1MB)

Contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

1 INTRODUCTION

2 RESTORATIVE PRACTICES - A REVIEW
2.1 Restorative Justice - the International Context
2.2 Critical Issues and Tensions in Restorative Justice
2.3 The Context for the Pilot Project - Youth Restorative Justice in Scotland
2.4 From Restorative Justice to Restorative Practices in Education
2.5 From Restorative Justice to Restorative Practices in Education in Scotland
2.6 Summary

3 THE PILOT PROJECT AND EVALUATION
3.1 The Origins and Establishment of the Pilot Project
3.2 Methods of Evaluation
3.3 Data Collection in Local Authorities and Schools
3.4 Summary

4 RESTORATIVE PRACTICES AT LOCAL AUTHORITY LEVEL
4.1 Implementation of Restorative Approaches at Local Authority level in Fife
4.2 Implementation of Restorative Interventions at Local Authority level in Highland
4.3 Implementation of Restorative Practices at Local Authority level in North Lanarkshire
4.4 Summary: Restorative Practices at Local Authority level

5 THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RESTORATIVE PRACTICES IN SCHOOLS
5.1 Links with other Initiatives and Approaches in School
5.2 The Continuum of Restorative Practices in Schools
5.2.1 Restorative Ethos Building
5.2.2 Restorative Ethos and Behaviour Management Policy
5.2.3 Curriculum Focus on Relationship Building/Conflict Resolution
5.2.4 Restorative Language and Scripts
5.2.5 Restorative Enquiry
5.2.6 Mediation
5.2.7 Circles: Checking in and Problem Solving Circles
5.2.8 Restorative Meetings, Informal Conferences, Classroom Conferences and Mini Conferences
5.2.9 Formal Conferences
5.3 Summary: Restorative Practices in Schools

6 ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE EIGHTEEN SCHOOLS
6.1 Staff and Pupil Surveys
6.2 Common Indicators and Restorative Practices
6.3 Summative Achievements of the Schools
6.4 Summary

7 WHAT MADE FOR SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION?
7.1 Readiness for Restorative Practices
7.2 Aims and Change Processes
7.3 Training
7.4 Leadership
7.5 Multiple Innovation
7.6 Summary

8 CONCLUSIONS
8.1 How Restorative Practices Developed in the Pilot Projects
8.2 What did Restorative Practices Look Like?
8.3 Were they for Everyone or Pupils with Challenging Behaviour?
8.4 Is it an Entirely New Approach?
8.5 How were Staff Trained and Supported?
8.6 What are the Costs?
8.7 What is the Best Way to Introduce it?
8.8 Will it Work with Existing Discipline Systems?
8.9 Can we still use Punishment?
8.10 Overall Conclusion

9 IMPLICATIONS

LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES
Figure 1 Social Discipline window
Figure 2 Conference script sample questions
Table 1 School interviews summary
Table 2 Schools' use of continuum of RP
Table 3 Free School Meal Entitlement
Table 4 School Exclusions
Table 5 Achievements of schools/exclusion rates
Table 6 Achievements of schools by summer 2006
Table 7 School change: Senior Management

APPENDICES
1. Review of RP Practical Literature
2. Summary of Staff Survey
3. Questionnaire Staff Survey
4. Summary of Pupil Survey
5. Questionnaire Pupil Survey
6. References