Footnotes for 2. Innovation in Knowledge-Intensive Services
1 The level of disaggregation in the publicly available VAT data is limited. The data in Chart A2.1 represents divisions J (Financial intermediation) and K (Real estate, renting and business activities).
2 Though the term ' KIBS' has been around longer (Miles, 2001), the report by Miles et al (1995) is often considered something of a touchstone.
3 Novel innovators may also have introduced an 'incremental' product innovation but will be classed as novel only.
4 However, only with respect to internal R&D, training, design and marketing are the observed sectoral variations statistically significant.