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International Comparisons of Rail Networks and Policy Lessons for Scotland

DescriptionThis research provides a comprehensive analysis of the rail networks in Scotland and six comparator countries or regions including Sweden, Denmark, Ireland, and New Zealand. The research examines the structure, ownership, control, planning, funding, operation and regulation of each, identifying success and any possible lessons for the rail network in Scotland.
ISBN9780755966752
Official Print Publication DateJuly 2007
Website Publication DateJuly 11, 2007

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STEER DAVIES GLEAVE
ISBN 978 0 7559 6675 2 (Web only publication)
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CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

CHAPTER ONE: CONTEXT, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
Introduction
Issues to be examined
The structure of this Final Report

CHAPTER TWO: THE FRAMEWORK OF EUROPEAN RAILWAY LAW
Background
European law
United Kingdom
Scotland
Summary

CHAPTER THREE: THE COMPARATOR RAIL NETWORKS
Introduction
Indicative statistics
New Zealand
Ireland and Northern Ireland
Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein
Denmark
Sweden
Summary

CHAPTER FOUR: MARKETS, COMPETITION AND FRANCHISING
Introduction
Evolution of passenger demand
Success factors
Identifying commercial services
Commercial freight services
Commercial passenger services
Non-commercial passenger services
Trends in commercial viability
Operation of commercial services
Summary

CHAPTER FIVE: GOVERNMENT, FUNDING, PROCUREMENT AND REGULATION
National, regional and local government
Funding
Franchising and contracting
Regulation
Regulation of safety and standards
Regulation of fares
Customer satisfaction
Risk transfer
Summary

CHAPTER SIX: SEPARATING INFRASTRUCTURE AND OPERATIONS
Introduction
Regulation of access and charges
Incentives to operators
Incentives to infrastructure managers
Network change
Planning expansion and investment
Planning electrification and interoperability
Planning for integration
Summary

CHAPTER SEVEN: SUBCONTRACTING IN INFRASTRUCTURE AND OPERATIONS
Introduction
Subcontracting by infrastructure managers
Subcontracting by train operators
Summary

CHAPTER EIGHT: CONCLUSIONS
Introduction
Conclusions
Objectives of controlling authorities
Rail's place in transport provision and policy
Evolution of the comparator networks
Infrastructure capacity and quality
Constraints on demand
The role of government in rail markets
Government spending and price controls
Regulation of price, safety and standards
Separation of infrastructure and operations
Infrastructure ownership
The structure of rail infrastructure charges
Passenger services: franchising, public and private monopolies
Competition in or for rail markets
Barriers to greater market entry
Contracting out of non-core services

ANNEX 1: GLOSSARY

ANNEX 2: EXCHANGE RATES

ANNEX 3: COMPARATOR NETWORK MAPS

ANNEX 4: EUROPEAN RAILWAY LEGISLATION

REFERENCES

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and
do not necessarily represent those of the Department or Scottish Ministers.

This report is available on the Scottish Executive Social Research website only
www.scotland.gov.uk/socialresearch.