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A Study Into Broadband Reach in Scotland

DescriptionReport commissioned by the Scottish Executive to examine scale of the broadband reach problem in Scotland, to explore solutions from a technical perspective and to provide policy recommendations.
ISBN
Official Print Publication DateDecember 2006
Website Publication DateDecember 21, 2006

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ISBN 0 7559 1466 X
This document is also available in pdf format (572k)

CONTENTS

1. Executive Summary

2. Introduction
2.1 Background
2.2 European Perspective
2.2.1 European Commission 21 March 2006 - 'Broadband for all'
2.3 Example Strategies
2.3.1 Advantage West Midlands
2.3.2 Welsh Assembly
2.4 Conclusions

3. The Local Loop
3.1 Overview
3.2 Technical Description of ADSL Provision
3.3 Regulatory Position
3.4 Attenuation and Noise on the Access Network
3.4.1 Cable Fill
3.4.2 Wire Gauge
3.4.3 Aluminium
3.4.4 Load Coils
3.5 DACS - Digital Access Carrier System
3.6 Line Concentrators
3.7 TPON
3.8 Testing Process

4. The Scale of the Issue
4.1 Approach
4.2 Source Data
4.2.1 BT Data
4.2.2 K-Map
4.2.3 Exchange Activate
4.2.4 Scottish Executive Data
4.3 Analysis of the Scale
4.3.1 A Moving Target

5. Technical Options
5.1 BT Developments
5.1.1 Overview
5.1.2 ADSL
5.1.3 DSL Max
5.1.4 ADSL2+
5.1.5 VDSL2
5.1.6 Local Loop Upgrades
5.2 Other DSL Developments
5.2.1 Remote DSLAMs
5.2.2 Loop Extenders
5.2.3 Repeaters
5.2.4 ADSL2+ Annex L
5.2.5 Conclusions
5.3 Alternative Options
5.3.1 802.11 WiFi
5.3.2 Mesh
5.3.3 Practicalities of Wireless Deployments
5.3.4 WiMAX, 802.16
5.3.5 3G Development
5.3.6 Other Spectrum
5.3.7 Potential Spectrum Awards
5.3.8 470-862 MHz ( UHFTV Spectrum)
5.3.9 1781-1785/1876-1880 MHz
5.3.10 1452-1492 MHz (L Band)
5.3.11 2500-2690 MHz
5.3.12 2290-2302 MHz and 2010-2025 MHz
5.3.13 2.7 - 3.4 GHz
5.3.14 Spectrum Above 3 GHz
5.3.15 Spectrum Conclusions and Regulatory Recommendations
5.3.16 Powerline
5.3.17 Satellite
5.4 Conclusions

6. Option Review
6.1 Do Nothing
6.2 Private Sector Solution
6.3 Public Sector Intervention - Implementation Model Approach
6.3.1 Category 1: Facilitation Only
6.3.2 Category 2: Community Funding Intervention
6.3.3 Category 3: Individual Grant Funds
6.3.4 Category 4: Do Nothing
6.3.5 Benefits of the Implementation Model
6.3.6 Potential Risks and Issues with the Implementation Model
6.4 Implementation Model Costs

7. implementation plan
7.1 Margins
7.2 Community Grants or Central Procurement
7.2.1 Community Grants
7.2.2 Central Procurement
7.2.3 Hybrid Model
7.3 Approach
7.3.1 Project Initiation - October/December
7.3.2 Working with BT - ongoing
7.3.3 Refine Clusters - January 07
7.3.4 Procurement - January/May
7.3.5 Category 2 Provision - June 07 onwards
7.3.6 Category 3 Provision

8. Conclusions
8.1 Nature and Extent of the Reach Problem
8.2 Potential Technological Solutions
8.3 Options to Progress
8.3.1 Implementation Model

APPENDICES
A GLOSSARY OF TERMS
B FULL CLUSTER ANALYSIS 9WQA003O (CONFIDENTIAL)

Mason Communications Ltd has produced the information contained herein for The Scottish Executive. The ownership, use and disclosure of this information are subject to the Terms and Conditions contained in the contract between Mason Communications Ltd and the Scottish Executive under which it was prepared.

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