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Scotland's National Transport Strategy

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Annex A - Glossary

Biofuel - a less polluting alternative to conventional mineral fuels such as petrol and diesel, offering both air quality and carbon savings benefits. Biofuels are made from biomass materials of either vegetable or animal origin. There are currently three main types of biofuels: biodiesel, bioethanol and biogas. Biodiesel can be blended with diesel and bioethanol can be blended with petrol. Any petrol or diesel car can run on low level blends. High blends of biofuel require specially adapted vehicles. Biogas is an alternative to natural compressed gas for gas-powered vehicles.

Demand Responsive Transport ( DRT) - any form of transport where day to day service provision is influenced by the demands of users. All DRT operations can be defined in terms of the flexibility of the routes, the stopping points and service types. DRT can involve taxis/private hire vehicles, shared taxi/taxibus, community car schemes, non-emergency patient transport, 'joblink' services, ring-and ride, social services transport, education services transport, dial-a-ride, community buses, flexible public transport buses and many other related services.

Devolved - refers to powers which transferred to the Scottish Ministers/ Scottish Parliament under devolution. Every area not subject to an explicit reservation under Schedule 5 of the Scotland Act is devolved - broadly speaking, all Scotland-only matters such as justice, education, much of transport and health.

Grant Aided Expenditure - financial support from the devolved Scottish Government to local authorities or other bodies.

Local road - all roads in Scotland which are not motorways or trunk roads. These are managed by local authorities.

Network Rail - GB owner and operator of rail infrastructure, which as a result of the Railways Act 2005 is now specified and funded in Scotland by the new powers transferred to Scottish Ministers in the Act.

Regional transport partnership - statutory body (under Transport (Scotland) Act 2005) covering a given region with responsibility for preparation of regional transport strategy and other powers as agreed with constituent local authorities.

Reserved - refers to powers which were explicitly not devolved because they were made the subject of a reservation under Schedule 5 of the Scotland Act 1998. International, cross-border and UK-wide issues are generally reserved.

Scottish Executive - the Scottish Ministers comprising the First Minister, Ministers and the Scottish Law Officers (excluding junior Scottish Ministers). Also known as the Scottish Cabinet.

Scottish Parliament - the devolved legislature of Scotland.

Smart Measures - measures which encourage sustainable travel, typically travel plans, public transport information, travel awareness campaigns, travel to school campaigns, car clubs, car sharing schemes, car free housing zones and teleworking.

Spending Review - high level review of Government spending, conducted separately for the UK (including reserved functions) and for Scotland (covering devolved functions and also functions in reserved areas where functions have been transferred to Scottish Ministers). The UK review determines the total budget for Scotland, using a formula. The allocation of the Scottish total is a matter for Scottish Ministers and the Scottish Parliament.

Stern Report - report on the Economics of Climate Change published by HM Treasury. Available at http://www.hmtreasury.gov.uk/independant_reviews/stern_review_economics_climate_change/stern_review_report.cfm.

Strategic Environmental Assessment - a new requirement which extends the assessment of environmental impacts from individual projects to the wider perspective of public strategies, plans and programmes.

Strategic Transport Projects Review - forthcoming review of Scotland's future transport infrastructure and other major investment needs. The existing ten year investment plan will not be affected by the Strategic Transport Projects Review.

Ten year investment plan - the devolved Scottish Government's plans for transport infrastructure to approximately 2012, as set out in Building a Better Scotland - Infrastructure Investment Plan: Investing in the Future of Scotland. 82

Travel plan - a package of measures that aims to promote more sustainable travel behaviour within an organisation.

Trunk road - the motorway and trunk road network provides the most important long distance links between Scotland's cities and major towns, the English trunk road network and the Irish ferry ports as well as providing gateway links to coastal destinations. The trunk road network is managed by Transport Scotland

VOSA - Vehicle and Operator Services Agency (an agency of the Department for Transport).