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High Level Summary of Equality Statistics: Key Trends for Scotland 2006

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8. Children & Young People

Introduction to Children & Young People and Equality

This section of the High Level Summary of Equality Statistics ( HLSES) presents key information on children and young people in Scotland across a number of equality dimensions including age, disability, ethnicity and gender. It reflects key areas of activity identified in the main High Level Summary of Statistics ( HLSS) chapter on children and young people ( http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics) from an equalities perspective and includes a few additional topics where these are particularly relevant to equality issues. The main HLSS publication presents a varied range of statistics on children and young people and these can be used in conjunction with the additional equality breakdowns shown here.

As well as showing key high level trends, the analysis highlights where differences and potential areas of inequality may exist for children and young people in Scotland for those groups outlined above. The analysis is not intended to provide a definitive set of equalities data and more detailed statistics across the equality dimensions, where available, are referenced in the links provided. It is also not possible to break down all topics by all equality dimensions.

There are limitations in how far some data can be broken down by the above equality dimensions. Data often contain small numbers, particularly in the case of smaller ethnic groups and to some extent disability. As such, some data show a high degree of volatility. In such instances, data may have been combined for multiple years or multiple ethnic groups, whilst in other cases data may be shown for a single year only. In other instances small data may have been suppressed in order to protect individuals' confidentiality

Possible reasons underlying the differences reported reported in this chapter are not detailed here. Factors which contribute to differences between equality groups represent a complex interplay of cultural, demographic and socio-economic factors and, as such are outwith the scope of this publication.

Childcare

Services Provided in Childcare and Pre-School Education Centres: Area Deprivation

The data provided below are based on the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD) 2006 and show the spread of services provided in Scotland's childcare and pre-school education centres in the 15% most deprived areas and the rest of Scotland.

A number of services are well catered for in the 15% most deprived areas. For example 45% of all children/ family centres are in the 15% most deprived areas, as are 31% of crèche facilities and 28% of family support services. Only 6% of playgroup services, however, are in the 15% most deprived areas.

Total Number of Services 1 Provided in Scottish Childcare and Pre-School Education Centres, by Area Deprivation (Excluding Childminders) 2, January 2006 3

Number & Row Percentages

Type of Service

Area Deprivation

15% Most Deprived

Rest of Scotland

All Services (Scotland)

Number

%

Number

%

Nursery

388

15

2,133

85

2,521

Playgroup

44

6

692

94

736

Out of School Club

189

18

862

82

1,051

Creche

92

31

201

69

293

Children/ Family Centre

80

45

97

55

177

Breakfast Club

75

18

345

82

420

Holiday Play Scheme

143

20

585

80

728

Family Support

203

28

513

72

716

Professional Health Care

61

18

285

82

346

Gaelic Provision

2

2

79

98

81

Outdoor Play Area

458

15

2,502

85

2,960

All Services 3

1,735

17

8,294

83

10,029

Source: Childcare data: Pre-school and Childcare Statistics 2006
Deprived area data: Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD) 2006
Notes: 1. A single childcare and pre-school education centre can provide multiple services.
2. Figures reported are likely to be undercounts as 759 centres did not provide information about services provided other than main service.
3. Services exclude childminders.

Publications

Social Focus on Deprived Areas 2005 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/SocialFocusOnDeprivedAreas

Pre-School and Childcare Statistics 2006 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/09/13155926/1

Web Link

Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/SIMD

Staff Vacancies at Childcare Centres: Area Deprivation

The data provided below are based on the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD) 2006.

Pre-school and childcare centres situated in the 15% most deprived areas are more likely to have staff vacancies.

Overall, there were 870 pre-school and childcare centres with at least one vacancy (18% of all centres) in September 2005. Forty-one per cent of centres in the 15% most deprived areas have a least one vacancy compared with 17% of centres in the rest of Scotland.

Number of Childcare Centres with at Least One Vacancy, By Area Deprivation Scotland, As at September 2005

Number and Percentage

Deprived Areas

Number of Centres with at Least One Vacancy

Percentage of all Centres with at Least One Vacancy

Number of Centres with at Least One Long-Term Vacancy

Percentage of all Centres with at Least One Long-Term Vacancy

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

15% Most Deprived

110

41

30

13

Rest of Scotland

760

17

300

7

Total Centres

870

18

330

7

Source: Childcare vacancy data: Pre-school and Childcare Workforce Statistics 2005
Deprived area data: Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD) 2006

Publications

Social Focus on Deprived Areas 2005 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/SocialFocusOnDeprivedAreas

Pre-School and Childcare Workforce Statistics 2005 (Published 2006) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/02/22115728/0

Web Link

Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/SIMD

Staff Profiles: Age, Gender, Ethnic Group & Disability Status

At September 2005, the majority of staff in the Pre-school and Childcare workforce in Scotland are females (98%) compared with only 47% of the entire Scottish Workforce who are female. The majority of staff in the Pre-School and Childcare workforce are from white ethnic groups (98%), the same as compared with the entire Scottish Workforce. Also, 41% of the Pre-School and Childcare workforce are aged between 35 and 49 years, compared with only 19% of the entire Scottish Workforce. Approximately 3,030 Pre-School and Childcare staff (10% of this workforce) report having a disability or health problem lasting one year or more, compared to 21% of staff in the entire Scottish workforce.

Profile of Pre-School Education and Childcare Staff, Scoltand, as at September 2005

Number & Column Perecentages

Staff Profile

Pre-school Education and Childcare Workforce

Total Scottish Workforce

Number

% of All Staff

% of All Staff

Age and Gender

Male

640

2

53

16-24 Yrs

200

1

8

25-34 Yrs

170

1

11

35-49 Yrs

180

1

20

50 Yrs & Over

90

0

15

Female

29,910

98

47

16-24 Yrs

4,550

15

7

25-34 Yrs

5,630

18

10

35-49 Yrs

12,440

41

19

50 Yrs & Over

4,560

15

11

Age not known

2,730

9

n/a

Unknown gender

90

0

n/a

Ethnic Group (Combined)

White - Scottish

27,320

89

98.00

White - Other

2,730

9

Asian, Black, Mixed or Other Ethnicity

360

1

2

Ethnic Group Not Disclosed/ Not Known

230

1

n/a

Workers with Disability or Health Problem Lasting One Year or More

Has a Disability or Health Problem

3,030

10

21

No Disability or Health Problem

27,280

89

79

Disability Status Unknown

330

1

n/a

Source: Pre-school and Childcare Workforce Statistics 2005
Note: n/a - not available.

Publications

Social Focus on Women and Men 2002 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/sfwm/docs/sfwm-00.asp

Analysis of Ethnicity in the 2001 Census - Summary Report http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/02/18876/32937

Social Focus on Disability 2004 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/08/19818/41697

Pre-School and Childcare Workforce Statistics 2005 (Published 2006) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/02/22115728/0

Community Involvement

Community Involvement: Age & Gender

The Scottish Household Survey ( SHS) estimates that 17% of 16 to 24 year olds were engaged in some form of voluntary activity in 2005, with females (18%) being slightly more likely to volunteer than males (15%). There has been relatively little change in these proportions since 2001.

Proportion of 16 - 24 Year Olds Who Gave Up Time to Help as an Organiser/ Volunteer in the Past 12 Months, by Gender, Scotland, 2001, 2003 & 2005 1

Percentage

Gender

2001

2003

2005

Age 16 - 24 Years

Male

17

16

15

Female

22

19

18

All

19

18

17

Source: Scottish Household Survey - 2001, 2003 & 2005
Note: 1. The figure for 2005 is not directly comparable with those from previous years due to changes in the survey questionnaire.

Publication

Social Focus on Women and Men 2002 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/sfwm/docs/sfwm-00.asp

Web Link

Scottish Household Survey http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/16002/4031

Child Protection

Child Protection: Age & Gender

In 2005-06, 52% of children on child protection registers were boys and 48% were girls. Currently, 47% of boys and 44% of girls on children protection registers are aged between 0 to 4 years. The number of boys on child protection register has increased by 7% over the last year, from 1,098 in 2004-05 to 1,179 in 2005-06. For girls, it has increased by 5% over the same time period, from 1,059 in 2004-05 to 1,109 in 2005-06.

image of Number of Boys and Girls on Child Protection Registers, by Age Group, Scotland, 1999-00 to 2005-06

Source: Children and Social Work Statistics
General Register Office for Scotland ( GROS) - Mid Year Population Estimates
Note: 1. In 2005-06, information on 'unborns' were collected for the first time.

Publication

Children Protection Statistics 2005-06 (Published 2006) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/09/27110441/0

Web Link

General Register Office for Scotland ( GROS) http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/

Looked After Children

Looked After Children: Age & Gender

In 2004-05, boys account for 55% of all children being looked after by Local Authorities and girls account for 45%.

In 2004-05, 20% of boys being looked after are aged between 12 and 15 years, with a further 19% aged between 5 and 11 years. For girls, 16% are aged between 5 and 11 years, with a further 15% aged between 12 and 15 years.

The number of boys looked after increased by 3% over the last year, from 6,571 in 2003-04 to 6,736 in 2004-05. The number of girls looked after increased by 7% over the same time period, from 5,104 in 2003-04 to 5,448 in 2004-05.

image of Number of Girls and Boys Looked After, by Age Group1, Scotland, 1999-00 to 2004-05

Source: Children and Social Work Statistics 2004-05
General Register Office for Scotland ( GROS) - Mid Year Population Estimates
Note: 1. Figures do not include counts of 'unknown' age.

Publication

Children's Social Work Statistics 2004-05 (Published 2005) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/10/2791127/11278

Web Link

General Register Office for Scotland ( GROS) http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/

Looked After Children: Disability

Sixteen per cent of children being looked after by Local Authorities have a disability in 2004-05; a proportion that has remained fairly constant since 1999-00.

Of those children with a disability, the majority (56%) have social, emotional and behavioural difficulties, whilst 17% have significant learning disabilities, in 2004-05.

image of Proportion of Children Looked After, by Disability Status, Scotland, 1999-00 to 2004-05

Source: Children and Social Work Statistics 2004-05

Publications

Social Focus on Disability 2004 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/08/19818/41697

Children's Social Work Statistics 2004-05 (Published 2005) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/10/2791127/11278

Looked After Children: Ethnic Group

In 2004-05, the proportion of children being looked after by Local Authorities who are from minority ethnic groups is 2%; a slightly lower proportion than for children from minority ethnic groups in the Scottish population as a whole (3%).

Number of Children Looked After, by Ethnic Group, Scotland, 1999-00 to 2004-05 1,2

Number

Ethnic Group

Scotland

Children Looked After

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

White

11,175

10,794

11,047

11,163

11,436

10,153

Black-Caribbean

0

*

*

*

*

*

Black-African

*

7

12

14

20

25

Black-Other

6

7

*

*

0

*

Indian

*

10

6

6

*

6

Pakistani

32

21

30

38

30

24

Bangladeshi

0

8

5

0

*

*

Chinese

*

*

5

7

8

6

Mixed Ethnic Background

52

72

85

100

114

95

Other Ethnic Group

37

18

44

52

57

32

Unknown

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

1,834

All Children

11,309

10,942

11,242

11,388

11,675

12,185

Source: Children and Social Work Statistics 2004-05, Scottish Executive
Notes: 1. In the years 1999-00 to 2003-04 children with unreported ethnic origin were allocated to an ethnic group rather than being presented as 'unknown'.
2. Cells containing '*' represent small numbers that are suppressed to maintain confidentiality.
n/a = not applicable.

Publications

Analysis of Ethnicity in the 2001 Census - Summary Report http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/02/18876/32937

Children's Social Work Statistics 2004-05 (Published 2005) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/10/2791127/11278

Secure Accommodation

Secure Accommodation: Age

There were 251 admissions to secure accommodation during 2005-06. Of these 126 admission were for young people aged 15 years and 64 young people aged 14 years.

The total number of admissions decreased by 8%, from 273 in 2004-05 to 251 in 2005-06. Between 1999-00 and 2005-06 the number of admissions for each age has remained fairly constant overall, with slight variation year on year.

image of Number of Young People Admitted To Secure Accommodation at any Point During the Year, by Age Group Scotland, 1999-00 to 2005-06

Source: Secure Accommodation Statistics 2005-06
Note: 1. Whilst children as young as 11 and 12 years and as old as 17 or 18 years may be admitted to secure accommodation, these numbers tend to be very small and as such single year age bands cannot be shown for these age groups in order to preserve individuals' confidentiality.

Publication

Secure Accommodation Statistics, 2005-06 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/08/31160332/17

Web Link

General Register Office for Scotland ( GROS) http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/

Secure Accommodation: Gender

There were 82 young people aged 11 to 18 years in secure accommodation as at 31 st March 2006. Of these, 62 were boys and 20 were girls. Since 1999-00, there have only been small variations in this gender split.

image of Young People, In Secure Accommodation, by Gender, Scotland, 1999-00 to 2005-06

Source: Secure Accommodation Statistics 2005-06
Note: 1. It should be noted that whilst children as young as 11 and 12 years and as old as 17 or 18 years may be admitted to secure accommodation, these numbers tend to be very small in number.

Publication

Secure Accommodation Statistics, 2005-06 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/08/31160332/17

Web Link

General Register Office for Scotland ( GROS) http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/

Social Work Services Staff

Social Work Services Staff: Disability & Ethnic Group

People from minority ethnic groups account for 0.8% of all Scottish social work services staff in 2005 (where ethnic group is known/ disclosed). This is lower than the proportion of people from minority ethnic groups in the Scottish labour force as a whole (2% in 2005). Staff from minority ethnic groups are more highly represented in the 'Social Worker' group (1.4% of this group) than any other staff group.

Disabled people account for 1.7% of all Scottish social work services staff in 2005 (where disability status is known). They are more highly represented in the 'Support Staff' group (3.5% of this group) than in any other staff group.

Staff of Scottish Social Work Services, by Ethnic Group and Disability Status, 2005

Row Percentages & Number

By Ethnic Group

By Declaration of Having a Disability

White Ethnic Groups

Minority Ethnic Groups

Not Known/ Disclosed

Total Number

Yes

No

Not Known

Total Number

Percentage

Percentage

Senior Managers, etc.

81.3

0.8

17.9

1,874

1.9

71.1

26.9

1,874

Social Workers

76.2

1.4

22.4

5,191

2.5

68.4

29

5,191

Other Qualified Fieldwork Staff

80.3

1

18.7

2,539

2.4

70.9

26.6

2,539

Social Work Assistants

82.6

1.3

16.1

2,620

2.9

71.1

26

2,620

Home Care Staff & Managers

81.1

0.4

18.5

16,924

0.5

69.9

29.6

16,924

Other Domiciliary Staff

81.8

0.6

17.6

654

0.3

66.2

33.5

654

Day Care - Managers & Qualified Care Staff

85.6

1.3

13.1

1,721

1.2

77

21.8

1,721

Day Care - Care Staff

84.2

0.8

14.9

2,570

1.6

68

30.4

2,570

Residential - Managers & Qualified Care Staff

82.3

1.3

16.4

5,652

1.3

81.1

17.6

5,652

Residential - Care Staff

71.2

0.4

28.4

2,850

0.5

64.4

35.2

2,850

Support Staff

82.7

1.1

16.2

11,170

3.5

72.3

24.2

11,170

Secondments

75

0

25

48

2.1

64.6

33.3

48

Unknown

81.5

0

18.5

195

0

95.4

4.6

195

All Staff

80.9

0.8

18.3

54,008

1.7

71.5

26.8

54,008

Source: Staff of Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services, 2005

Publications

Analysis of Ethnicity in the 2001 Census - Summary Report http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/02/18876/32937

Social Focus on Disability 2004 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2004/08/19818/41697

Staff of Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services, 2005 (Revised version, published 2006) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/06/27091022/0

Social Work Services Staff: Gender

Overall, staff in Scottish social work services are much more likely to be female (84.3% in 2005) than male. However the ratio of female to male staff does differ according to the client groups which staff work with. It is highest for staff working with 'Adults Not Separately Identified' where females account for 92.4% of all staff and is lowest for staff working with 'Offenders' where females account for just 62.7% of all staff.

Staff of Scottish Social Work Services, by Client Group and Gender, 2005

Number & Row Percentages

Client Group

Number of Staff

% of Staff

Males

Females

Total

WTE1

Males

Females

Children

1,741

6,495

8,236

7,227

21.1

78.9

Adults (Community Care)

4,083

31,348

35,435

26,130

11.5

88.5

Older People

897

6,767

7,664

6,029

11.7

88.3

People with Physical Disabilities

149

370

519

403

28.7

71.3

People with Mental Health Problems

64

213

277

213

23.1

76.9

People with Learning Disabilities

1,279

3,333

4,615

3,739

27.7

72.2

Adults (Not Separately Identified)

1,694

20,665

22,360

15,744

7.6

92.4

Offenders

693

1,164

1,857

1,694

37.3

62.7

Generic Provision

960

3,728

4,691

4,089

20.5

79.5

Management/ Administration

941

2,653

3,594

3,280

26.2

73.8

Unknown

60

135

195

173

30.8

69.2

Total

8,478

45,523

54,008

42,593

15.7

84.3

Source: Staff of Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services, 2005
Note: 1. WTE - Whole Time Equivalents.

Publications

Social Focus on Women and Men 2002 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/sfwm/docs/sfwm-00.asp

Staff of Scottish Local Authority Social Work Services, 2005 (Revised version, published 2006) http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2006/06/27091022/0