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Road Accidents Scotland 2004

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Summary

Summary Chart 1

Summary Chart 1

Summary

On Scotland's roads in 2004 there were:

  • 13,855 injury accidents in which 18,405 people were injured;
  • 3,048 people killed or seriously injured (306 of whom died);
  • 11,549 casualties in cars, 167 of whom died;
  • 3,063 pedestrian casualties, of whom 75 were killed;
  • 986 motor cyclist casualties (of whom 41 were killed);
  • 2,389 child casualties, 383 of whom were killed or seriously injured (12 of them died);
  • 1,176 child pedestrian casualties, of whom 246 were killed or seriously injured (8 died).

Between 1994 and 2004:

  • The number of fatal accidents fell by 12%, from 319 to 281;
  • The total of fatal and serious accidents fell by 44%, from 4,643 to 2,594;
  • The total number of accidents (all severities) fell by 17%, from 16,768 to 13,855;
  • The number of people killed fell by 16%, from 363 to 306;
  • The total of killed and serious casualties fell by 45%, from 5,571 to 3,048;
  • The total number of casualties (all severities) fell by 18%, from 22,573 to 18,405;
  • Car user casualties fell by 11%, from 12,927 to 11,549;
  • Pedestrian casualties fell by 35%, from 4,730 to 3,063;
  • Pedal cycle casualties fell by 44%, from 1,384 to 773;
  • Motor cycle casualties increased by 6%, from 930 to 986;
  • Male casualties fell by 21%, from 13,122 to 10,419;
  • Female casualties fell by 16%, from 9,451 to 7,973;
  • Casualties aged 16-22 fell by 24% from 4,511 to 3,442;
  • Casualties aged 23-59 fell by 10% from 11,391 to 10,279;
  • Casualties aged 60 and over fell by 10% from 2,508 to 2,249;
  • Children killed fell from 37 to 12;
  • Child killed and seriously injured casualties fell by 63% from 1,029 to 383;
  • The total number of child casualties (all severities) fell by 43% from 4,163 to 2,389;
  • Child pedestrians killed fell from 18 to 8;
  • Child pedestrians killed and seriously injured casualties fell by 64% from 674 to 246;
  • The total number of child pedestrian casualties fell by 43% from 2,078 to 1,176;
  • The estimated number of drink-drive accidents fell by 5%, from about 790 (in 1994) to roughly 750 (in 2003 - the latest year for which estimates are available), and the estimated number of people killed in such accidents fell from about 80 to around 50 in the same period;
  • The estimated total cost of all road accidents (including "damage only" accidents) at 2004 prices fell by 29%, from £1,967 million to £1,399 million.

Over the longer-term:

  • Between 1952 and 2004 (inclusive), just over 32,000 people were killed, and a total of about 1.364 million people were either killed or injured, in accidents on Scotland's roads;
  • In 1962 (the earliest year for which a figure is readily available), there were roughly 775,000 vehicles licensed in Scotland, whereas in 2004 the vehicle population stood at 2.448 million. Over the same period, the number of casualties fell from about 26,700 to around 18,400. Thus, whilst the vehicle stock has more than trebled, the number of casualties has actually fallen by nearly a third.

Summary Chart 2

summary chart 2

Summary road accident and casualty statistics: 1994 to 2004

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

Accidents

Fatal

319

361

316

340

339

285

297

309

274

298

281

Fatal & serious

4,643

4,432

3,631

3,652

3,657

3,494

3,303

3,149

2,950

2,791

2,594

All severities

16,768

16,534

16,073

16,646

16,519

15,416

15,125

14,726

14,334

13,902

13,855

Accidents on built-up (1) roads

Fatal

102

124

111

89

116

95

93

91

71

85

89

Fatal & serious

2,769

2,633

2,043

1,988

2,000

1,936

1,766

1,647

1,595

1,470

1,314

All severities

11,402

11,123

10,710

10,920

10,743

9,989

9,768

9,435

9,178

8,732

8,664

Accidents on non built-up (1) roads

Fatal

217

237

205

251

223

190

204

218

203

213

192

Fatal & serious

1,874

1,799

1,588

1,664

1,657

1,558

1,537

1,502

1,355

1,321

1,280

All severities

5,366

5,411

5,363

5,726

5,776

5,427

5,357

5,291

5,156

5,170

5,191

Drink-drive accidents and casualties (2)

Accidents

790

790

750

790

740

750

780

800

820

750

..

Casualties (all severities)

1,170

1,210

1,170

1,220

1,090

1,110

1,150

1,190

1,270

1,130

..

Killed

80

50

50

40

50

60

40

70

50

50

..

Killed by mode of transport

Pedestrian

111

121

106

87

96

89

72

76

73

63

75

Pedal cycle

5

11

15

9

13

8

12

10

8

14

7

Motor cycle

24

33

29

37

33

30

40

49

46

50

41

Car

197

221

185

219

223

169

182

194

154

184

167

Other (eg taxi, bus, goods)

26

23

22

25

20

14

20

19

23

20

16

All modes of transport

363

409

357

377

385

310

326

348

304

331

306

Killed or seriously injured casualties by mode

Pedestrian

1,647

1,587

1,279

1,211

1,156

1,143

996

918

891

773

746

Pedal cycle

316

292

216

210

210

189

176

171

151

139

127

Motor cycle

353

395

300

358

371

431

475

454

455

417

389

Car

2,804

2,653

2,293

2,365

2,390

2,004

1,978

1,952

1,777

1,692

1,569

Other (eg taxi, bus, goods)

451

412

310

280

330

308

268

263

250

261

217

All modes of transport

5,571

5,339

4,398

4,424

4,457

4,075

3,893

3,758

3,524

3,282

3,048

All casualties by mode, by sex and by age

Pedestrian

4,730

4,635

4,326

4,155

4,077

3,763

3,602

3,406

3,315

2,986

3,063

Pedal cycle

1,384

1,323

1,297

1,272

1,140

1,017

884

916

828

802

773

Motor cycle

930

971

850

948

976

1,025

1,129

1,178

1,164

1,114

986

Car

12,927

12,974

13,033

14,034

13,834

12,906

12,650

12,295

11,831

11,740

11,549

Other (eg taxi, bus, goods)

2,602

2,291

2,210

2,220

2,440

2,292

2,246

2,118

2,129

2,090

2,034

All modes of transport

22,573

22,194

21,716

22,629

22,467

21,003

20,511

19,913

19,267

18,732

18,405

Male

13,122

12,874

12,367

12,788

12,707

11,889

11,530

11,305

11,079

10,644

10,419

Female

9,451

9,320

9,349

9,841

9,760

9,114

8,956

8,580

8,175

8,075

7,973

Child: 0 - 15

4,163

3,935

3,827

3,798

3,535

3,196

3,000

2,923

2,747

2,477

2,389

Young adult: 16-22

4,511

4,274

4,262

4,314

4,170

3,968

3,594

3,703

3,585

3,466

3,442

Adult: 23-59

11,391

11,414

11,081

12,017

12,268

11,504

11,497

10,930

10,661

10,410

10,279

Older adults: 60+

2,508

2,571

2,546

2,500

2,494

2,291

2,339

2,288

2,224

2,326

2,249

Child killed by mode of transport

Pedestrian

18

16

16

15

18

17

13

14

12

5

8

Pedal cycle

4

3

6

1

3

1

4

4

-

2

-

Car

10

11

3

9

9

6

4

2

2

10

3

Other (eg m/c, taxi, bus...)

5

-

2

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

1

All modes of transport

37

30

27

26

32

25

21

20

14

17

12

Child killed or seriously injured casualties by mode

Pedestrian

674

638

540

505

455

430

378

353

340

272

246

Pedal cycle

144

113

100

78

64

69

65

56

46

48

40

Car

161

153

118

138

153

108

94

110

111

93

77

Other (eg m/c, taxi, bus...)

50

46

32

24

26

18

24

25

30

18

20

All modes of transport

1,029

950

790

745

698

625

561

544

527

431

383

All child casualties by mode

Pedestrian

2,078

2,048

1,909

1,894

1,762

1,617

1,486

1,475

1,296

1,200

1,176

Pedal cycle

629

550

571

518

415

374

330

307

277

276

263

Car

1,066

1,059

1,047

1,180

1,117

981

965

950

928

824

803

Other (eg m/c, taxi, bus...)

390

278

300

206

241

224

219

191

246

177

147

All modes of transport

4,163

3,935

3,827

3,798

3,535

3,196

3,000

2,923

2,747

2,477

2,389

Accident costs (£ million) (3)

1,967

1,979

1,759

1,813

1,821

1,627

1,607

1,596

1,490

1,469

1,399

1. "Built-up" roads have a speed limit of up to 40mph; "Non built-up" roads have a speed limit of over 40mph
2. Estimates, adjusted for under-reporting as described in the text accompanying Table 22. The latest year's estimates are not yet available.
3. Estimated total costs (including "damage only" accidents) at 2004 prices, calculated as described in the text accompanying Tables 9 to 11.

Summary of accidents and casualties by police force area, council and severity: 2004

Accidents

Casualties

Child casualties

Fatal

Serious

Slight

Total

Killed

Serious

Slight

Total

All severities

Northern

29

185

585

799

32

237

953

1,222

126

Highland

23

157

500

680

25

204

829

1,058

111

Orkney Islands

-

9

25

34

-

9

38

47

6

Shetland Islands

1

6

29

36

1

6

40

47

5

Eilean Siar

5

13

31

49

6

18

46

70

4

Grampian

40

230

824

1,094

44

273

1,112

1,429

153

Aberdeen City

5

77

284

366

5

80

345

430

57

Aberdeenshire

30

114

410

554

34

143

586

763

66

Moray

5

39

130

174

5

50

181

236

30

Tayside

31

259

782

1,072

35

339

1,087

1,461

223

Dundee City

1

68

257

326

1

71

326

398

96

Angus

14

85

216

315

16

120

319

455

57

Perth & Kinross

16

106

309

431

18

148

442

608

70

Fife

24

151

579

754

30

184

798

1,012

133

Lothian & Borders

34

345

2,526

2,905

35

383

3,250

3,668

423

Edinburgh, City of

8

157

1,379

1,544

8

162

1,619

1,789

203

West Lothian

6

58

399

463

7

70

582

659

79

Midlothian

2

20

208

230

2

21

271

294

48

East Lothian

7

29

179

215

7

37

242

286

44

Scottish Borders

11

81

361

453

11

93

536

640

49

Central

14

145

500

659

15

183

706

904

114

Clackmannanshire

2

15

65

82

3

20

87

110

17

Stirling

6

79

195

280

6

104

288

398

48

Falkirk

6

51

240

297

6

59

331

396

49

Strathclyde

101

910

5,121

6,132

107

1,044

6,986

8,137

1,155

Glasgow, City

16

259

1,806

2,081

16

274

2,310

2,600

354

Argyll & Bute

14

75

209

298

15

96

321

432

47

West Dunbartonshire

4

39

202

245

4

43

284

331

60

East Dunbartonshire

2

27

163

192

2

31

215

248

42

Inverclyde

-

28

166

194

-

31

224

255

39

Renfrewshire

11

69

408

488

11

73

554

638

80

East Renfrewshire

2

23

122

147

2

30

162

194

29

North Lanarkshire

11

96

666

773

13

104

975

1,092

164

South Lanarkshire

14

110

659

783

14

139

931

1,084

160

North Ayrshire

6

66

279

351

6

82

403

491

59

East Ayrshire

11

70

227

308

13

82

304

399

67

South Ayrshire

10

48

214

272

11

59

303

373

54

Dumfries & Galloway

8

88

344

440

8

99

465

572

62

Scotland

281

2,313

11,261

13,855

306

2,742

15,357

18,405

2,389

of which:

Built up roads

89

1,225

7,350

8,664

95

1,294

9,181

10,570

1,891

Non- built up roads

192

1,088

3,911

5,191

211

1,448

6,176

7,835

498