Proposed Plastic Bag Levy - Extended Impact Assessment: Volume 1: Main Report




Based on the Applegate database,


Inquiry into Plastic Bag Tax (Assessment and Collection) Bill 2002 and Plastic Bag (Minimisation of Usage) Education Fund Bill 2002. Submission to Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts Committee, June 2003.

Aus Govt

Department of the Environment and Heritage

Aus Stats

Year Book Australia 2002, Population clock as of 10 March 2005, Australian Bureau of Statistics abs@.nsf/0/1647509ef7e25faaca2568a900154b63?OpenDocument


Tax on Plastic Bags Considered, BBC News, 6 May 2002.


Communication from the British Retail Consortium, March 2005.


Évaluation des impacts environnementaux des sacs de caisse Carrefour. Analyse du cycle de vie de sacs de caisse en plastique, papier et matériau biodégradable', Report prepared for Carrefour, Ecobilan, February 2004.


UK Carrier Bag Consortium Response to Consultation Document - an Environmental Levy Bill 'Carrier Bag Tax For Scotland', May 2004.

Central Statistics Office Ireland


Population Statistics 1901-2002, Central Statistics Office Ireland.

Defra 2003

What Happens to Waste: Plastic and Plastic Bags

Defra 2005

Charting Progress - An Integrated Assessment of the State of UK Seas


Plastic Shopping Bags - Analysis of Levies and Environmental Impacts, Prepared by Nolan- ITU in association withRMITCentre for Design and Eunomia Research and Consulting Ltd, December 2002.


Dixons Group and Nelson Packaging Bag Environmental Award for UK's First Fully-Recycled Carrier Bag, Dixons News Release, 17 May 2004.!ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_IQ/.cmd/ad/.c/6_3_1F3/.ce/7_1_25E/.p/5_1_1C5?PC_7_1_25E_contentID=6028520


Presentation given by Breffini Bolze at IEGLCA meeting, Porto, September 2004.


The Annual Local Environmental Quality Survey of England 2002/2003.

ENDS Daily

Environment Daily 1842, ENDS, 16 March 2005.

Envt Canada

Marine Debris in Canada: Facts and Figures.


Responses to the Irish Plastic Bags Levy, Environmental Resources Management.

EU Commission


The Use of LCAs on Plastic Bags in an IPP Context, EuroCommerce (Verbrugghe), September 2004.


Socio-Economic Impact of the Proposed Plastic Bag Regulations.


Distribution and Abundance of Debris on the Continental Shelf of the Bay of Biscay and in Seine Bay, F Galgani et al., Marine Pollution Bulletin, 1995, Volume 30, Issue 1.

Hansard 2004

Lords Hansard, 26 October 2004: Column 1163

HM Treasury 2002

Plastic Bag Tax Assessment, December 2002.


Personal communication from the assistant manager at IKEA Edinburgh.


Litter Composition Survey of England April-July 2004. Commissioned by INCPEN, undertaken by ENCAMS.


Record Levels of Plastic Litter on Beaches. The Independent, 22 March 2005.


Local Environmental Audit and Management System ( LEAMS) Annual Report. LEAMS Benchmarking Report 2003 - 2004.

MCS 2003

Beachwatch 2003 - The Annual UK Beach Litter Survey Report, Marine Conservation Society.

MCS 2004

Beachwatch 2004 - The Annual UK Beach Litter Survey Report, Marine Conservation Society.

MCS 2005

Long Term Impacts of Plastic Bags in the Marine Environment, Marine Conservation Society, 2005.

Nolan- ITU

Plastic Retail Carry Bag Use 2002-2004 Consumption, March 2005. Report by Nolan- ITU Pty Ltd for the Department of Environment and Heritage.


An Analysis of the Recycling of Low Density Polythene ( LDPE) at Alida Recycling Ltd, Nottingham University Consultants Limited.


Plastic Bags. Briefing Paper No. 5/2004. Parliament of New South Wales, Australia


Family Spending: A Report on the 2002-2003 Expenditure and Food Survey, 2004.



An Environmental Levy Bill - Consultation Document.

Retail Research

Key Results of the European Retail Theft Barometer 2004. J Bamfield, 2004. Centre for Retail Research.

Reusable Bags


The Impacts of Degradable Plastic Bags in Australia. Final report to the Department of the Environment and Heritage prepared by ExcelPlas Australia, Centre for Design at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology ( RMIT) and Nolan- ITU, September 2003.

San Francisco Chronicle

Bagging the Bags. San Francisco Chronicle, 28 January 2005.


Waste Data Digest 4. 2002 and 2002/2003 data

Stats Scot

Stats UK


Public Attitudes to Reduce Reuse Recycle in Scotland. Waste Aware Scotland.

Symphony Plastic Technologies

Briefing Note on Degradable Plastics. Symphony Plastic Technologies plc


Applying Environmental Product Taxes and Levies - Lessons from the Experience with the Irish Plastic Bags Levy, FJ Convery and S McDonnell, University College Dublin, June 2003.

UK Trade Info

Waste Watch

What People Think About Waste 1999. NOP Research Group Ltd for Waste Watch.

WRAP 2004a

Response from WRAP to the Environmental Levy Bill, May 2004.

WRAP 2004b

Self-sustaining 'Bag for Life' Initiative, October 2004.

WRAP 2004c

Presentation to Retailer Meeting by WRAP, November 2004.

WRAP 2005

Carrier Bag Usage and Attitudes - Benchmark and Target Market Study , March 2005.

Note: All URLs accessed as of 30 May 2005.

butterfly logo

Small changes in the way we perform everyday tasks can have huge impacts on Scotland's environment.

Walking short distances rather than using the car, or being careful not to overfill the kettle are just two positive steps we can all take.

This butterfly represents the beauty and fragility of Scotland's environment. The motif will be utilised extensively by the Scottish Executive and its partners in their efforts to persuade people they can do a little to change a lot.