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Programme for international student assessment 2000 — scotland analysis

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PROGRAMME FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT 2000 - SCOTLAND ANALYSIS

Homework

9. Twenty three per cent of 15 year olds in Scotland stated that most or all of the time they did their homework while watching television. Thirty one per cent felt that they were never given interesting homework. The percentage of pupils who reported that their teachers grade and make useful comments on their homework is much higher in Scotland than the OECD average. Pupils who completed their homework on time tended to score considerably higher than those who did not, but those who found homework interesting most of the time actually tended to score lower than those who recognised it as interesting only some of the time. Similarly, completing homework during the school day some of the time had a positive relationship with reading scores.

Table 24a Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on homework, Scotland

Proportion of 15 year olds who state that:

Scotland

Scotland

Never

Sometime

Most or all the time

Never

Sometime

Most or all the time

they complete their homework on time

3%

19%

78%

427

477

543

they do their homework while watching the television

27%

50%

23%

536

532

510

their teachers grade their homework

2%

19%

79%

444

516

532

they finish their homework during the school day

39%

53%

7%

518

540

488

their teachers make useful comments on their homework

9%

45%

47%

492

528

534

they are given interesting homework

31%

54%

15%

512

541

512

Table 24b Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on homework, UK

Mean reading score of 15 year olds who state that:

UK

UK

Never

Sometime

Most or all the time

Never

Sometime

Most or all the time

they complete their homework on time

2%

19%

78%

429

483

539

they do their homework while watching the television

27%

48%

25%

536

531

504

their teachers grade their homework

2%

21%

77%

419

503

535

they finish their homework during the school day

31%

61%

9%

521

532

496

their teachers make useful comments on their homework

7%

42%

50%

480

522

536

they are given interesting homework

28%

58%

15%

508

537

518

Table 24c Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on homework, OECD

Mean reading score of 15 year olds who state that:

OECD

OECD

Never

Sometime

Most or all the time

Never

Sometime

Most or all the time

they complete their homework on time

5%

26%

70%

437

471

518

they do their homework while watching the television

36%

42%

23%

503

507

491

their teachers grade their homework

12%

40%

49%

490

509

500

they finish their homework during the school day

22%

55%

23%

491

509

496

their teachers make useful comments on their homework

23%

51%

25%

500

506

497

they are given interesting homework

37%

49%

14%

507

510

464

10. Students who spent longer on their English homework tended to score higher, but this did not necessarily hold if more than 3 hours was spent. Scottish children tended to spend less time on their homework than their counterparts in the rest of the UK, with more than double the proportion spending no time at all on homework.

Table 25 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by length of time spent on English homework, Scotland, UK & OECD

Proportion of 15 year olds and mean reading score of 15 year olds who spend each week on their English homework:
Percentage
Mean reading score

Scotland

UK

OECD

Scotland

UK

OECD

no time

12%

5%

14%

490

463

483

less than 1 hour

35%

25%

34%

521

502

491

1 to 3 hours

43%

56%

39%

541

538

513

more than 3 hours

10%

14%

13%

541

545

523