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Programme for international student assessment 2000 — scotland analysis

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PROGRAMME FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT 2000 - SCOTLAND ANALYSIS

SECTION 3 - FAMILY AND HOME LIFE

Family Background

1. The impact of parents' work on the reading literacy of 15 year-olds is not clear. In Scotland, reading test scores were highest for those children whose parents both work, but one of them part time.

Table 10 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by working status of parents, Scotland, UK and OECD

Proportion of 15 year olds and mean reading score of 15 year olds from families where:

Percentage

Mean reading score

Scotland

UK

OECD

Scotland

UK

OECD

both parents work full time

43%

41%

40%

533

534

513

both parents work, at least one part time

27%

29%

22%

542

539

515

only one parent works

24%

23%

33%

526

518

493

neither parent works

6%

6%

4%

483

478

462

2. In Scotland, only children tended to outperform their peers in the PISA reading literacy tests, while middle children performed worse than eldest or youngest children.

Table 11 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by birth order, Scotland, UK and OECD

Proportion of 15 year olds and mean reading score of 15 year olds who are:

Percentage

Mean reading score

Scotland

UK

OECD

Scotland

UK

OECD

an only child

8%

6%

8%

538

545

512

a youngest child

37%

34%

35%

524

526

498

a middle child

20%

25%

24%

518

506

478

an oldest child

35%

34%

33%

531

534

515