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Programme for international student assessment 2000 — scotland analysis

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PROGRAMME FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT 2000 - SCOTLAND ANALYSIS

Gender Difference in Performance

11. Almost two thirds of students scoring in the bottom 10 per cent of the PISA reading literacy scale in Scotland were male. Only one third of those scoring in the top 10 per cent were male. This pattern is repeated in each of the reading literacy domains. In the UK as a whole, the gender differences are not quite as extreme, with over 40 per cent of those scoring in the top 10 per cent being male.

12. A greater proportion of males than females were represented amongst the top 10 per cent of performers in mathematics in Scotland. The same was true in science, although a greater proportion of males were also represented among the bottom 10 per cent.

13. In the UK as a whole, males were over-represented in the top and bottom 10 per cent in all subjects. In Scotland this was only true in mathematics and, most significantly, in science.

Table 9a Performance of male students on the PISA proficiency scales, Scotland

Percentage of male students among the bottom 10%, bottom 25%, top 50%, top 25% and top 10% of students on the PISA proficiency scales

Scotland

Bottom 10%

Bottom 25%

Top 50%

Top 25%

Top 10%

Reading

65%

59%

43%

39%

34%

Reading - Retrieving Information

64%

57%

44%

41%

37%

Reading - Interpreting

62%

58%

44%

41%

38%

Reading - Reflecting and Evaluating

67%

56%

42%

38%

32%

Mathematics

48%

48%

50%

53%

55%

Science

54%

46%

47%

49%

53%

Table 9b Performance of male students on the PISA proficiency scales, UK

Percentage of male students among the bottom 10%, bottom 25%, top 50%, top 25% and top 10% of students on the PISA proficiency scales

UK

Bottom 10%

Bottom 25%

Top 50%

Top 25%

Top 10%

Reading

63%

59%

44%

42%

41%

Reading - Retrieving Information

60%

56%

46%

45%

44%

Reading - Interpreting

60%

57%

45%

43%

43%

Reading - Reflecting and Evaluating

66%

61%

43%

39%

36%

Mathematics

49%

48%

52%

55%

59%

Science

49%

48%

50%

50%

53%

Chart 6. Performance of male students on the PISA proficiency scales for reading, mathematics and science, Scotland and UK

bar chart