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Programme for international student assessment 2000 — scotland analysis

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PROGRAMME FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT 2000 - SCOTLAND ANALYSIS

SECTION 2 - VARIATION IN TEST SCORES

Performance in Reading Literacy

1. Fifteen year olds in Scotland ranked sixth overall in a ranking of reading literacy test scores of OECD countries, behind Finland, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and Ireland. The level of variation among Scottish students was close to the OECD average, but much lower than in countries such as Belgium and Germany. Variation was lowest in Korea. Females in Scotland substantially outscored males. The same was true in all countries participating in the study, with the smallest difference in Korea, and the highest in Latvia.

Table 1. Variation in performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by country

Mean

Standard deviation

Percentiles

5th

10th

25th

75th

90th

95th

Mean score

S.E.

S.D.

Score

Score

Score

Score

Score

Score

OECD countries

Australia

528

(3.5)

102

354

394

458

602

656

685

Austria

507

(2.4)

93

341

383

447

573

621

648

Belgium

507

(3.6)

107

308

354

437

587

634

659

Canada

534

(1.6)

95

371

410

472

600

652

681

Czech Republic

492

(2.4)

96

320

368

433

557

610

638

Denmark

497

(2.4)

98

326

367

434

566

617

645

Finland

546

(2.6)

89

390

429

492

608

654

681

France

505

(2.7)

92

344

381

444

570

619

645

Germany

484

(2.5)

111

284

335

417

563

619

650

Greece

474

(5.0)

97

305

342

409

543

595

625

Hungary

480

(4.0)

94

320

354

414

549

598

626

Iceland

507

(1.5)

92

345

383

447

573

621

647

Ireland

527

(3.2)

94

360

401

468

593

641

669

Italy

487

(2.9)

91

331

368

429

552

601

627

Japan

522

(5.2)

86

366

407

471

582

625

650

Korea

525

(2.4)

70

402

433

481

574

608

629

Luxembourg

441

(1.6)

100

267

311

378

513

564

592

Mexico

422

(3.3)

86

284

311

360

482

535

565

New Zealand

529

(2.8)

108

337

382

459

606

661

693

Norway

505

(2.8)

104

320

364

440

579

631

660

Poland

479

(4.5)

100

304

343

414

551

603

631

Portugal

470

(4.5)

97

300

337

403

541

592

620

SCOTLAND

526

(3.8)

99

356

394

460

596

647

680

Male

511

99

343

380

446

582

632

663

Female

542

97

378

417

478

609

660

694

Spain

493

(2.7)

85

344

379

436

553

597

620

Sweden

516

(2.2)

92

354

392

456

581

630

658

Switzerland

494

(4.2)

102

316

355

426

567

621

651

United Kingdom

523

(2.6)

100

352

391

458

595

651

682

United States

504

(7.1)

105

320

363

436

577

636

669

OECD total

499

(2.0)

100

322

363

433

569

622

653

Country mean

500

(0.6)

100

324

366

435

571

623

652

Non-OECD countries

Brazil

396

(3.1)

86

255

288

339

452

507

539

Latvia

458

(5.3)

102

283

322

390

530

586

617

Liechtenstein

483

(4.1)

96

310

350

419

551

601

626

Russian Federation

462

(4.2)

92

306

340

400

526

579

608

Chart 1. Mean scores in reading literacy, and score at 10th and 90th percentiles, by country

bar chart