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Programme for international student assessment 2000 — scotland analysis

DescriptionAnalysis of the PISA 2000 data for Scotland.
ISBN1479-7569
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateJune 08, 2004

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Statistics Publication Notice

Education Series
ISSN 1479-7569

Programme for international student assessment 2000 - scotland analysis

June 8, 2004

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This Statistics Publication Notice presents information on the Scottish results from the Programme for International Student Assessment which took place in 2000. The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) was set up by the OECD to assess the performance of 15 year olds in reading literacy, mathematical literacy and scientific literacy in its member countries. The results are intended to contribute school outcome measures for the OECD educational indicators programme. PISA is a three phase study. The first phase took place in 2000, the second was in 2003, and the third will take place in 2006. In 2000 the main domain assessed was reading literacy. Mathematical literacy and scientific literacy were also assessed, but to a lesser extent. In 2003, the main domain was mathematical literacy. First results from PISA 2003 will be published in December 2004.

The main findings for PISA 2000 for Scotland are:

Variations in test scores

  • Scottish 15 year olds were 6 th in the rankings of reading literacy test scores of OECD countries. The level of variation among Scottish students was close to the OECD average. Females outscored males in all countries participating in the study.
  • 3.3 per cent of 15 year olds in Scotland failed to attain the lowest reading proficiency level, demonstrating serious deficiencies in their ability to use reading as a tool for the acquisition of knowledge and skills. This proportion is much less than the OECD average of 6.2 per cent.
  • 15.3 per cent of pupils in Scotland achieved the highest reading level. This is a lot higher than the OECD average of 9.4 per cent.
  • 15 year olds in Scotland ranked equal fifth in a ranking of mathematical literacy test scores of OECD countries. The level of variation among Scottish students was lower than the OECD average. Male students outperformed females by a small margin.
  • 15 year olds in Scotland ranked 9 th in scientific literacy test scores, well above the OECD average. The level of variation among Scottish students was close to the OECD average. Male students in Scotland outperformed females by a small margin, although there was a greater variation in the scores of males.

Family and Home Life

  • In Scotland, native students perform better than first generation students who, in turn, perform better than non-native student. The difference between these groups is smaller in Scotland than the OECD average. It is not surprising to find that the language spoken at home also has a very significant effect on the reading literacy scores of 15 year olds.
  • Students who have regular discussions with their parents scored considerably higher than those students who had discussions never or hardly ever.

School Life

  • Comparisons with the international data reveal that only in the UK as a whole was the level of support provided by teachers considered by students to be as high as that in Scotland.
  • A quarter of students in Scotland reported that in most or every English language lesson there is noise and disorder. Overall, however, Scotland's disciplinary climate was more positive than most OECD countries.
  • 37 per cent of 15 year olds in school reported being absent from school at least once during a two week period. The same proportion also reported arriving late for school at least once over the same period. Sixty five per cent of 15 year olds attended schools where the headteacher reported that learning was hindered by absenteeism.
  • Over 70 per cent of 15 year olds in both Scotland and the UK as a whole felt that they got on well with most teachers and almost 90 per cent also felt that if they needed extra help from teachers, they would receive it
  • 85 per cent of 15 year olds in Scotland felt like they belonged at school. However, 27 per cent did not want to go to school, and 56 per cent often felt bored there.

Engagement with reading

  • One third of Scottish 15 year olds never or hardly ever read for pleasure. Those who do were much more likely to read magazines or newspapers than they were to read books.
  • Those reading a large amount of fiction tended to score highest in the reading tests. Pupils reading a large amount of non-fiction, or reading from the internet also tended to perform well above average. Only the reading of comics failed to have a positive correlation with reading scores.

School Staff and Resources

  • Thirteen per cent of 15 year olds in Scotland were enrolled in schools where the headteacher was concerned about the lack of educational material in the library. This figure is lower than all but two of the OECD countries.
  • One third of 15 year olds in Scotland attend schools where the headteacher views a lack of computers and multi-media resources as a hindrance to learning. However, the ratio of students per computer in secondary schools in Scotland is less than or equal to that in all other OECD countries and the percentage of these computers which is available to students is higher than in any other country.
CONTENTS AND LIST OF TABLES

Section 1 - Background of Study
Section 2 - Variation in Test Scores
Table 1 Variation in performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by country
Chart 1 Mean scores in reading literacy, and score at 10th and 90th percentiles, by country
Table 2 PISA reading proficiency levels, by country
Chart 2 Proportion of male and female students performing at each reading literacy level, Scotland
Table 3a Proportion of students performing at each reading proficiency level on the retrieving information scale, Scotland
Table 3b Proportion of students performing at each reading proficiency level on the retrieving information scale, UK
Table 4a Proportion of students performing at each reading proficiency level on the interpreting scale, Scotland
Table 4b Proportion of students performing at each reading proficiency level on the interpreting scale, UK
Table 5a Proportion of students performing at each reading proficiency level on the reflecting and evaluating scale, Scotland
Table 5b Proportion of students performing at each reading proficiency level on the reflecting and evaluating scale, UK
Chart 3 Proportion of 15 year olds performing at each level of the three domains of reading literacy, Scotland
Table 6 Variation in performance on the PISA mathematical literacy scale, by country
Chart 4 Mean scores in mathematical literacy, and scores at 10th and 90 th percentiles, by country
Table 7 Variation in performance on the PISA scientific literacy scale, by country
Chart 5 Mean scores in scientific literacy, and scores at 10th and 90 th percentiles, by country
Table 8a 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles on the PISA proficiency scales, Scotland
Table 8b 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th and 90th percentiles on the PISA proficiency scales, UK
Table 9a Performance of male students on the PISA proficiency scales, Scotland
Table 9b Performance of male students on the PISA proficiency scales, UK
Chart 6 Performance of male students on the PISA proficiency scales for reading, mathematics and science, Scotland and UK
Section 3 -Family and Home Life
Table 10 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by working status of parents, Scotland, UK & OECD
Table 11 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by birth order, Scotland, UK & OECD
Table 12 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by students' and parents' country of birth, by country
Table 13 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by language spoken at home, by country
Table 14a Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale by responses to questions on participation in cultural activities, Scotland
Table 14b Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale by responses to questions on participation in cultural activities, UK
Table 14c Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale by responses to questions on participation in cultural activities, OECD
Table 15a Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale by responses to questions on participation in activities with their parents, Scotland
Table 15b Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale by responses to questions on participation in activities with their parents, UK
Table 15c Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale by responses to questions on participation in activities with their parents, OECD
Section 4 - School Life
Table 16 Percentage of students by responses to questions on discipline and support in English classes, Scotland, UK & OECD
Table 17 PISA indices of teacher support and change in the PISA reading literacy score, by country
Chart 7 Percentage of students who report that in most or every test language lesson, the teacher shows an interest in every student's learning
Table 18 PISA index of disciplinary climate and change in the PISA reading literacy score, by country
Chart 8 Percentage of students who report that in most or every test language lesson the teacher has to wait a long time for students to quieten down
Chart 9 Percentage of students who report that in most or every test language lesson students cannot work well
Table 19a Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students who reported being absent from school, Scotland
Table 19b Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students who reported being absent from school, UK
Table 19c Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students who reported being absent from school, OECD
Table 20a Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students who reported good relationships with teachers, Scotland
Table 20b Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students who reported good relationships with teachers, UK
Table 20c Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students who reported good relationships with teachers, OECD
Table 21a Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on engagement with school, Scotland
Table 21b Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on engagement with school, UK
Table 21c Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on engagement with school, OECD
Table 22 Percentage of students by responses to questions on engagement with school, by country
Chart 10 Percentage of students who agree with the statement that they feel lonely at school
Chart 11 Percentage of students who agree with the statement that they often feel bored at school
Table 23a Percentage of students by responses to questions on study techniques, Scotland
Table 23b Performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on study techniques, Scotland
Table 24a Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on homework, Scotland
Table 24b Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on homework, UK
Table 24c Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on homework, OECD
Table 25 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by length of time spent on English homework, Scotland, UK & OECD
Table 26 Percentage of students by responses to questions on homework and pressure to achieve, by country
Chart 12 Percentage of students who report that most of the time or always they are given interesting homework
Chart 13 Percentage of students who report that in most or all test language lessons the teacher wants students to work hard
Section 5 - Engagement with Reading
Table 27 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by length of time spent reading for pleasure, Scotland, UK & OECD
Table 28a Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on reading, Scotland
Table 28b Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on reading, UK
Table 28c Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on reading, OECD
Table 29a Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on reading material, Scotland
Table 29b Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on reading material, UK
Table 29c Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on reading material, OECD
Table 30 Percentage of students and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale, by number of books in their home, Scotland, UK & OECD
Section 6 - School Staff and Resources
Table 31a Change in the PISA reading literacy score per 100 students, Scotland & UK
Table 31b Change in the PISA reading literacy score per pupil per teacher, Scotland & UK
Table 31c Change in the PISA reading literacy score per computer per pupil, Scotland & UK
Table 32 Quality and use of school resources, by country
Table 33a Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on use of school resources, Scotland
Table 33b Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on use of school resources, UK
Table 33c Percentage and performance on the PISA reading literacy scale of students by responses to questions on use of school resources, OECD
Table 34 Percentage of students by responses to questions on availability of computers and computer networks in schools, by country
Table 35 Percentage of students by responses to questions on availability of computers to use at home and at school, by country
Chart 14 Availability of computers to use at school and at home at least a few times each week, by country
Table 36 Percentage of students by responses to questions on frequency of use of computers at home and at school, by country
Chart 15 Percentage of 15-year-olds who reported never using computers at home and at school, by country
Table 37 PISA index of comfort with and perceived ability to use computers, by gender, by country
Chart 16 Percentage of 15-year-old males and females who reported that they were very comfortable or comfortable using a computer
Table 38 PISA index of interest in computers, by gender, by country