We are testing a new beta website for gov.scot go to new site

Households Below Average Income: Scotland 1994/95-2001/02

DescriptionNumbers and proportions of children, working-age adults and pensioners who were living below various low income poverty thresholds in 2001/02, and trends since 1994/95
ISBN
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateMarch 13, 2003

HOUSEHOLDS BELOW AVERAGE INCOME (HBAI) ANALYSIS 2001/02 - FIGURES FOR SCOTLAND USING THE RANGE OF LOW INCOME THRESHOLDS, 1994/95 - 2001/02

PDF Document (992k)

Headline Results

Table 1 - Proportion and Number of Individuals in Absolute Low Income Households, below 60% of GB Median Income in 1996/97, Scotland

Children

Working Age Adults

Pensioners

Year

Before housing

Costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

Costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

Housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

28

310

30

340

18

540*

20

620*

25*

220*

32*

280*

1995/96

29

320

34

380

16

470*

19

570*

27

240*

33

280*

1996/97

30

330

34

380

16

480*

20

600*

25*

210*

29*

250*

1997/98

27

300

30

330

14

440*

17

530*

19

160*

25

220*

1998/99

26

290

29

320

14

440

18

550*

17

150*

23

200*

1999/00

20

220

24

260

13

390*

17

500*

18

160*

21

180*

2000/01

18

190

21

230

14

430*

17

520*

14*

120*

14

130*

2001/02

14

140

16

170

10

310

13

400

10

90

9

80

Table 2 - Proportion and Number of Individuals in Relative Low Income Households, below 60% of GB Median, Scotland

Children

Working Age Adults

Pensioners

Year

Before housing

Costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

Costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

26

290

28

310

16

500

18

540*

22*

190*

27*

230

1995/96

25

280

32

360

13*

410*

17

530*

23

200*

25

220*

1996/97

30

330

34

380

16

480*

20

600*

25*

210*

29*

250*

1997/98

29

310

31

340

15

460*

18

540*

19

170*

26

220*

1998/99

27

300

31

340

15

460*

19

580*

21

180*

26*

230*

1999/00

24

260

28

310

15

460*

19

570*

22

200*

26

230*

2000/01

25

260

30

320

17

520*

22

660*

20

180*

24

210*

2001/02

25

260

30

320

16

470

19

570

18

160

20

170

Notes:

1. Small changes in estimates from year to year may not be significant in view of data uncertainties.

2. 1996/97 is the baseline against which progress is measured for the Social Justice Annual Report.

3. The relative low income measure compares against the mean or median in the same year. The absolute measure compares against the mean or median in the baseline year of 1996/97, uprated to remove the effects of inflation. Figures up to 2000/01 using both measures were included in the Executive's last Social Justice Annual Report in November 2002.

4. The income used in these 'low income' statistics is that of the whole household in which the person is living, and the income is net income from all sources, including earnings, tax credit, benefits, income from grants, pensions, investments etc..

5. In order to make comparisons of living standards between different household types, income is adjusted to take account of variations in size and composition of the household in a process known as equivalisation. This adjustment reflects the notion that a family of several people requires a higher income than a single person in order for both households to enjoy a comparable standard of living.

6. Due to a minor change in the DWP methodology for deriving working-age adult and pensioner results, there have been minor changes to previous years' data for these groups. Asterisks denote a change from the previously published figures.

Alternative Thresholds

Table A1 : Proportion and number of children living in households below 50% and 60% of the mean income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the 1996/97 GB mean incomes in real terms (Absolute measure)

Below 50 % of the mean

Below 60 % of the mean

Year

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

28

310

31

340

38

430

39

430

1995/96

29

320

34

380

43

480

45

510

1996/97

30

330

34

380

41

450

43

470

1997/98

28

300

31

340

39

430

41

450

1998/99

26

290

30

320

36

390

37

410

1999/00

20

220

24

260

34

370

35

390

2000/01

18

190

22

240

31

340

34

360

2001/02

14

150

16

170

29

320

32

340

Source: Households Below Average Income : Department for Work and Pensions

Table A2: Proportion and number of children living in households below 50%, 60% and 70% of the median income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the 1996/97 GB median incomes in real terms (Absolute measure)

Below 50 % of the median

Below 60 % of the median

Below 70 % of the median

Year

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

14

150

19

210

28

310

30

340

36

400

37

410

1995/96

14

160

20

220

29

320

34

380

40

450

43

480

1996/97

15

170

21

230

30

330

34

380

39

430

43

470

1997/98

13

150

20

220

27

300

30

330

38

420

40

440

1998/99

14

150

20

220

26

290

29

320

34

370

36

390

1999/00

9

100

14

150

20

220

24

260

31

330

33

360

2000/01

9

100

11

120

18

190

21

230

30

320

32

350

2001/02

7

80

9

100

14

140

16

170

26

280

29

310

Source: Households Below Average Income: Department for Work and Pensions

Table A3: Proportion and number of children living in households below 50% and 60% of the mean income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the relevant year's GB mean income (Relative measure)

Below 50 % of the mean

Below 60 % of the mean

Year

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

26

290

28

310

36

400

37

410

1995/96

27

300

32

360

40

450

43

480

1996/97

30

330

34

380

41

450

43

470

1997/98

30

330

32

350

40

440

42

460

1998/99

29

310

32

350

40

430

42

460

1999/00

26

280

30

330

38

420

40

440

2000/01

27

290

32

350

40

430

43

470

2001/02

27

290

32

340

39

410

42

450

Source: Households Below Average Income : Department for Work and Pensions

Table A4 : Proportion and number of children living in households below 50%, 60% and 70% of the median income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the relevant year's GB median income (Relative measure)

Below 50 % of the median

Below 60 % of the median

Below 70 % of the median

Year

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

12

130

17

180

26

290

28

310

34

380

35

390

1995/96

11

120

17

190

25

280

32

360

37

410

38

430

1996/97

15

170

21

230

30

330

34

380

39

430

43

470

1997/98

14

150

21

230

29

310

31

340

39

420

40

440

1998/99

15

160

24

260

27

300

31

340

36

390

37

410

1999/00

12

130

18

200

24

260

28

310

35

390

38

410

2000/01

12

130

16

180

25

260

30

320

35

380

38

410

2001/02

11

120

16

170

25

260

30

320

36

380

39

420

Source: Households Below Average Income : Department for Work and Pensions

Table A5 Proportion and number of working age people living in households below 50% and 60% of the mean income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the 1996/97 GB mean incomes in real terms (Absolute measure)

Below 50 % of the mean

Below 60 % of the mean

Year

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

18

550

21*

630

26*

780

27*

810*

1995/96

16

480*

19

570*

25

760*

27*

830*

1996/97

16

490*

20

610*

24

730*

26

790*

1997/98

15

450

17*

530*

23

690*

24

730*

1998/99

14*

440*

18

550*

23

700*

24

740*

1999/00

13

390*

17

510*

22

660*

23*

710*

2000/01

14

430*

17*

530*

21

650*

24

730*

2001/02

10

310

13

400

18

550

20

590

Source: Households Below Average Income : Department for Work and Pensions

Table A6: Proportion and number of working age people living in households below 50%, 60% and 70% of the median income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the 1996/97 GB median incomes in real terms (Absolute measure)

Below 50 % of the median

Below 60 % of the median

Below 70 % of the median

Year

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

11

320*

13

410

18

540*

20

620*

24

730*

25

770

1995/96

8

240

12

370*

16

470*

19

570*

23

700*

25

770*

1996/97

8*

260*

13

390*

16

480*

20

600*

23

690*

25

760*

1997/98

8

240

12

360

14

440*

17

530*

21*

650*

23

700*

1998/99

8

240*

13

390*

14

440

18

550*

21

650*

23

710*

1999/00

7

200*

11

320*

13

390*

17

500*

20*

610*

22

670*

2000/01

8

240*

12

360*

14

430*

17

520*

20

600*

23

700*

2001/02

6

180

8

250

10

310

13

400

16

490

18

550

Source: Households Below Average Income: Department for Work and Pensions

Table A7: Proportion and number of working age people living in households below 50% and 60% of the mean income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the relevant year's GB mean income (Relative measure)

Below 50 % of the mean

Below 60 % of the mean

Year

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

16

500*

18

550*

24

720*

25

760

1995/96

14

430*

18

540*

23

700*

25

770*

1996/97

16

490*

20

610*

24

730*

26

790*

1997/98

16

480

18

560*

24

720*

25

760*

1998/99

17

510*

20

620*

25

770*

28

850*

1999/00

16

490*

20

610*

26

790*

28

830*

2000/01

19

570*

23

700*

27*

830*

31

940*

2001/02

17

510

20

600

26

770

27

810

Source: Households Below Average Income : Department for Work and Pensions

Table A8: Proportion and number of working age people living in households below 50%, 60% and 70% of the median income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the relevant year's GB median income (Relative measure)

Below 50 % of the median

Below 60 % of the median

Below 70 % of the median

Year

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

Costs

After

housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

10

300

12

370*

16

500

18

540*

22

670*

23

710*

1995/96

7

200

10

320

13*

410*

17

530*

21

640*

22*

680*

1996/97

8*

260*

13

390*

16

480*

20

600*

23

690*

25

760*

1997/98

8

250

12

370*

15

460*

18

540*

22

670*

23

710*

1998/99

9

270*

14

430*

15

460*

19

580*

23

700*

24

740*

1999/00

8

250*

12*

380*

15

460*

19

570*

23

700*

25

760*

2000/01

10

310*

15

460*

17

520*

22

660*

25

740*

28

840*

2001/02

9

260

13

400

16

470

19

570

23

680

25

760

Source: Households Below Average Income: Department for Work and Pensions

Table A9: Proportion and number of pensioners living in households below 50% and 60% of the mean income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the 1996/97 GB mean incomes in real terms (Absolute measure)

Below 50 % of the mean

Below 60 % of the mean

Year

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

25*

220

32*

280

46*

410*

47*

410*

1995/96

28

240*

33

280*

46*

400*

47

410*

1996/97

25*

220*

30*

250*

45*

380*

46*

390*

1997/98

19

160

25

220*

36

310*

39*

340*

1998/99

18

160*

23*

200

37*

330*

38*

340*

1999/00

19

170*

21

190*

34

300*

37

330*

2000/01

14

120*

15*

130*

29

250*

29

260*

2001/02

10

90

9

80

23

200

23

200

Source: Households Below Average Income : Department for Work and Pensions

Table A10: Proportion and number of pensioners living in households below 50%, 60% and 70% of the median income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the 1996/97 GB median incomes in real terms (Absolute measure)

Below 50 % of the median

Below 60 % of the median

Below 70 % of the median

Year

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

11

100*

12*

110*

25*

220*

32*

280*

42*

370*

45*

400*

1995/96

12

100

12*

100*

27

240*

33

280*

44*

380*

44

380*

1996/97

11*

90*

11*

90*

25*

210*

29*

250*

42*

360*

43

370*

1997/98

10

90

10*

80

19

160*

25

220*

32

280*

37

320*

1998/99

7

70*

8

70

17

150*

23

200*

34*

300*

35*

310*

1999/00

10

90*

10*

90*

18

160*

21

180*

31*

270*

34*

300*

2000/01

5

50*

5*

40

14*

120*

14

130*

25

220*

27*

240*

2001/02

4

30

4

30

10

90

9

80

19

170

18

160

Source: Households Below Average Income: Department for Work and Pensions

Table A11: Proportion and number of pensioners living in households below 50% and 60% of the mean income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the relevant year's GB mean income (Relative measure)

Below 50 % of the mean

Below 60 % of the mean

Year

Before housing costs

After housing

costs

Before housing costs

After housing

Costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

22*

190*

28*

240

42*

370*

45*

390

1995/96

23

200*

28

240*

44*

380*

43*

370*

1996/97

25*

220*

30*

250*

45*

380*

46*

390*

1997/98

20

170*

28

240*

39

340*

41

360*

1998/99

24

210*

28*

250*

42*

370*

42*

370*

1999/00

24

210*

30

260*

41

360*

41

360*

2000/01

23

200*

27*

240*

40

350*

39

340*

2001/02

20

180

24

210

38

340

38

340

Source: Households Below Average Income : Department for Work and Pensions

Table A12: Proportion and number of pensioners living in households below 50%, 60% and 70% of the median income thresholds in Scotland over the period 1994/95 to 2001/02 relative to the relevant year's GB median income (Relative measure)

Below 50 % of the median

Below 60 % of the median

Below 70 % of the median

Year

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

costs

After

housing

costs

Before housing

Costs

After

housing

costs

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

%

No. ('000s)

1994/95

8

70

8*

70

22*

190*

27*

230

38*

340*

43*

380*

1995/96

10

90*

7

60

23

200*

25

220*

40

350*

40*

350*

1996/97

11*

90*

11*

90*

25*

210*

29*

250*

42*

360*

43

370*

1997/98

10

90

10

90*

19

170*

26

220*

34

290*

37

320*

1998/99

9

80*

10

90*

21

180*

26*

230*

37*

320*

38*

340*

1999/00

12*

100*

13

120*

22

200*

26

230*

37

330*

39

340*

2000/01

8

70*

11*

90*

20

180*

24

210*

34

300*

35*

310*

2001/02

8

70

8

70

18

160

20

170

32

290

35

310

Source: Households Below Average Income: Department for Work and Pensions