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Social Justice ... a Scotland where EVERYONE matters: Milestone sources and definitions

DescriptionMilestone document
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateNovember 22, 1999

Social Justice ...a Scotland where EVERYONE matters: Milestone sources and definitions


The Scottish Executive has put delivering social justice at the heart of our Programme for Government. In our report Social Justice - A Scotland where everyone matters, we set out our commitment to social justice and our principal aim of defeating child poverty in Scotland.

In the report we set out our vision, our targets and our milestones for delivering social justice in Scotland. The targets are long-term targets for 2020 - so we can be sure we are focusing on solutions that stand the test of time. The milestones are for the short term - so we can make sure progress is being made to deliver these long-term targets.

This document goes alongside our report. It provides more detailed information about the milestones so that we can track progress over time and identify changes that occur.

In publishing Opportunities for all: Tackling poverty and social exclusion the UK Government defined its commitments to providing opportunities for people to work and the ending of child poverty. These are shared objectives with the Scottish Executive and means that our milestones cover reserved and devolved areas.

This document includes definitions of the milestones, sources of information and baseline and trend information where this is available. It provides the data sources that will be the basis of the Annual Scottish Justice Report.

Underlying rationale for targets and milestones

We are using targets and milestones to commit Scotland to action and change.

The targets epitomise the kind of Scotland we want to see in the future and stand for the shared UK Government and Scottish Executive objective of delivering social justice. By achieving the targets, we will have made giant steps in defeating injustice and child poverty in Scotland.

The milestones show how we can take action and make progress over the short term. By achieving the milestones we will have started to deliver the targets.

To keep our focus on the people in Scotland we have chosen the lifecycle as the way to set the targets and milestones: how we grow up, how we live and work, how we raise families and how we grow old. And because we believe that every community matters we have targets and milestones for our work with communities.

In all there are 10 long-term targets and 29 milestones to aim for.

Summary of targets

Every child matters

  • Defeat child poverty in Scotland within a generation
  • All children in Scotland can read, write and count to a level appropriate for their ability on leaving primary school

Every young person matters

  • Every young person leaves school with the maximum level of skills and qualifications possible 1
  • Every 19 year old is engaged in education, training or work

Every family matters

  • There will be full employment in Scotland 2
  • Every one will be undertaking some form of learning to widen their knowledge and skills

Every older person matters

  • Make sure older people are financially secure
  • Increase the number of older people who enjoy active, independent and healthy lives

Every community matters

  • Reduce inequalities between communities
  • Increase residents' satisfaction with their neighbourhoods and communities

1 To be defined as the most appropriate accreditation achievement possible to take account of changes to the form and content of accreditation over the 20 years.

2 The Mais Lecture by the Chancellor of the Exchequer - The conditions for full employment - 19 October 1999. City University London

Summary of milestones

Every child matters

1 Reducing the proportion of our children living in workless households

2 Reducing the proportion of our children living in low income households

3 Increasing the proportions of our children who attain the appropriate levels in reading, writing and maths by the end of Primary 2 and Primary 7

4 All of our children will have access to quality care and early learning before entering school

5 Improving the well-being of our young children through reductions in the proportion of women smoking during pregnancy, the percentage of low birth-weight babies, dental decay among 5 year olds, and by increasing the proportion of women breastfeeding.

6 Reducing the number of households, and particularly families with children, living in temporary accommodation

Every young person matters

7 Halving the proportion of 16-19 year olds who are not in education, training or employment

8 All our young people leaving local authority care will have achieved at least English and Maths Standard Grades and have access to appropriate housing options

9 Bringing the poorest-performing 20% of pupils, in terms of Standard Grade achievement, closer to the performance of all pupils

10 Reducing by a third the days lost every year through exclusion from school and truancy

11 Improving the health of young people through reductions in smoking by 12-15 year olds, teenage pregnancies among 13-15 year olds and the rate of suicides among young people

12 No-one has to sleep rough

Every family matters

13 Reducing the proportion of unemployed working age people

14 Reducing the proportion of working age people with low incomes

15 Increasing the employment rates of groups, such as lone parents and ethnic minorities, that are relatively disadvantaged in the labour market

16 Increasing the proportion of students from under-represented, disadvantaged groups and areas in higher education compared with the overall student population in higher education

17 Increasing the proportion of people with learning disabilities able to live at home or in a 'homely' environment

18 Improving the health of families by reducing smoking, alcohol misuse, poor diet and mortality rates from coronary heart disease

Every older person matters

19 Reducing the proportion of older people with low incomes

20 Increasing the proportion of working age people contributing to a non-state pension

21 Increasing the proportion of older people able to live independently by doubling the proportion of older people receiving respite care at home and increasing home care opportunities

22 Increasing the number of older people taking exercise and reducing the rates of mortality from coronary heart disease and the prevalence of respiratory disease

23 Reducing the fear of crime among older people

Every community matters

24 Reducing the gap in unemployment rates between the worst areas and the average rate for Scotland

25 Reducing the incidence of drugs misuse in general and of injections and sharing of needles in particular

26 Reducing crime rates in disadvantaged areas

27 Increasing the quality and variety of homes in our most disadvantaged communities

28 Increasing the number of people from all communities taking part in voluntary activities

29 Accelerating the number of households in disadvantaged areas with access to the Internet

Disaggregating the information

The milestones as described in this document are intended to provide a clear and concise overall measure of progress in the area in question. It is important, however, that the evidence they provide is complemented by a fuller range of background detail.

Accordingly it is intended, when the Annual Scottish Social Justice Report is published, to make available breakdowns of the milestones along the following dimensions wherever the data sources allow: age, gender, ethnicity, disability status.

In addition the Scottish Executive will be working to extend the range of data sources from which data on these dimensions can be drawn.

Information marked as "not yet available" in the following pages is being developed to fit the milestone. As this is completed, these data will be included in the Annual Scottish Social Justice Report.

Opportunity for all: Tackling poverty and social exclusion

The UK Government's report Opportunity for all: Tackling poverty and social exclusion contains 32 indicators of success for a range of policies and programmes. Many of these indicators will be applicable across the UK. Others represent areas where lead responsibility for the policies that influence the indicator rests with the devolved administration.

We have used some of the indicators that are applicable across the UK within the Scottish Social Justice Report. This technical document should therefore be read in tandem with the Department of Social Security's technical accompaniment Indicators of success: definitions, data and baseline information.

The Scottish Social Justice Report milestones that reflect the UK wide indicators are numbers 1, 2, 14, 15, 19, 20 and 25. That is in the areas of income, pensions, employment, and drugs misuse.