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We reduce the local and global environmental impact of our consumption and production

Why is this National Outcome important?

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges to life, all round the world. The world has to address this, urgently, and Scotland wishes to take a global lead.

We face other increasing environmental pressures, too, such as rising levels of consumption, the impact of production and ever greater competition for natural resources - fossil fuels, air, timber, water and land - all of which are already under pressure.

The choices we make are critical to shaping a modern, successful and sustainable Scotland - and to maintaining a quality of life which retains and attracts talented people and investment.

What will influence this National Outcome?

We need to make much greater use of the nation's substantial renewable energy resources. Alongside that we must act to reduce the emissions from transport, housing, business, the public sector, land management and other sources.

Recognising the importance of energy efficiency to reducing emissions from housing, businesses and public sector estate we have designated energy efficiency a national infrastructure priority. 

But that is not a matter for government alone. The whole nation must become better informed consumers. And our schools, colleges and universities must all work alongside the business sector looking to increase public awareness and researching ways of improving our performance, developing new solutions and technologies.

What is the Government's role?

Scotland has a statutory target to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by at least 80% by 2050, with an interim 2020 target of a 42% reduction in emissions. The Scottish Government supports achievement of these targets through policies and measures which include expanding renewable energy production, improvements in energy and resource efficiency, transition of transport to a lower carbon basis, expansion of renewable heat, and sustainable land use. 

A cornerstone will be Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme which will integrate action on domestic and non-domestic energy efficiency, heat generation and renewables over the next 15-20 years to bring buildings in Scotland up to an optimal level of energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions and reduce energy bills for households and businesses. 

Scotland is now sending less than half of its waste to landfill, and we have some of the most ambitious targets and policy in the UK on waste and resources. We are creating a more circular approach to our economy, where we minimise waste and keep valuable products and materials in high value use for as long as possible. 

Related Strategic Objectives

Greener

Wealthier and Fairer

Safer and Stronger

Related National Indicators

l Improve access to local greenspace

l Increase natural capital

l Reduce Scotland's carbon footprint

l Increase the proportion of journeys to work made by public or active transport

 Reduce waste generated

d Increase renewable electricity production