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Technical Note: Underemployment

Reduce underemployment

DESCRIPTION:

To reduce the proportion of workers who are underemployed.

SOURCE:

The data for this indicator are gathered through the Annual Population Survey (APS). APS is the largest annual household survey in Scotland and provides information about individuals' personal circumstances and their work. It is carried out by the Office for National Statistics(ONS).

Results from the Annual Population Survey are published on the Scottish Government website - within the 'Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016’ publication.

APS underemployment estimates cover the time period of January to December.

The latest APS publication can be found using the following link.

http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Labour-Market/Publications

DEFINITIONS:

Underemployed workers are those people in employment who are willing to work more hours, either by working in an additional job, by working more hours in their current job, or by switching to a replacement job.

Underemployment can also refer to an under-utilisation of skills, however the current information is based only on hours-based underemployment.

BASELINE AND PAST TRENDS:

The underemployment rate in Scotland was 9.2% in 2015.

Year

Rate

2004

7.3%

2005

6.8%

2006

7.0%

2007

6.7%

2008

7.0%

2009

8.5%

2010

9.4%

2011

9.9%

2012

10.0%

2013

9.6%

2014

8.6%

2015

9.2%

2016

8.4%

CRITERIA FOR RECENT CHANGE ARROW:

The evaluation is based on: any difference within +/- 1.0 percentage points of last year’s figure suggests that the position is more likely to be maintaining than showing any change. A decrease in the gap of 1.0 percentage points or more suggests that the position is improving; whereas an increase in the gap of 1.0 percentage points or more suggests the position is worsening.

For information on general methodological approach, please click here.

FUTURE ISSUES OR REVIEWS:

No issues.

ASSOCIATED TARGET:

No associated target.